How it can be useful for EasyHow it can be useful for EasyTeachersTeachersMultiple IntelligencesMultiple Intelligences
Intelligence is…Intelligence is…the ability to acquire and applyknowledge and skillsThe Oxford DictionaryIntelligence means…Intelligence means…capacity for learning, reasoning,understanding, and similar forms ofmental activity; aptitude in graspingtruths, relationships, facts, meanings,etc.
WHAT IS MI ??WHAT IS MI ??• Multiple Intelligences (MI) developedby American developmentpsychologist, Howard Gardner, in 1983,MI describes eight different ways to besmart.
• Most people are strong in at least one ofthe intelligence areas.• Historically the traditional “intelligences”(linguistic & logical mathematical) wereprivileged but Gardner proposes that all 8of his intelligences are of equal utility.• Teachers have embraced this theorybecause it is easy to apply to teachingand learning.• This theory also provides for alternativeforms of assessment. Instead of answeringthe question “How smart are you?”assessment becomes “How are yousmart?”• All intelligences can be taught & nurtured.
Here are the eightHere are the eightIntelligencesIntelligences::1. Linguistic2. Logical/ Mathematical3. Spatial4. Bodily/ Kinesthetic5. Musical6. Interpersonal7. Intrapersonal8. Naturalistic
Linguistic intelligenceLinguistic intelligence– capacity to use language;– able to express what is on yourmind;– adept with words;– “Word smart”.
• People with strong Linguistic Intelligencehave an aptitude for learning and usinglanguages. They are often attractedtowards writing poems and enjoy readinganything including stories, dictionaries,signboards, and even instruction manuals!• They may easily spell words that others arenot even able to pronounce.• Such people make goodwriters,novelists,librarian,lyricist, etc.
• People with strong Logical Intelligencehave an aptitude for mathematicalcalculations, logical thinking, and patternrecognition.• They possess an innate reasoning ability;can think in logical and numerical patternsand make connections between differentpieces of information.• Such people make goodmathematicians;scientists;chess players;software programmers, etc.
Spatial/Visual IntelligenceSpatial/Visual Intelligence– adept with pictures & images;– able to represent the spatialworld internally in your mind;– “Picture smart”.
• People with strong Graphic VisualIntelligence have an aptitude for design,drawing, coloring, painting, creatingmodels, etc.• They find it easy to think in pictures andimages. They easily see images in theirmind and can represent them in visuallyartistic ways.• Such people make goodgraphic designers;painters;animators;image consultants;landscape architects etc.
Bodily-Kinesthetic IntelligenceBodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence– capacity to use parts of thebody to solve a problem, makesomething or put on some kindof production;– “Body Smart”.
• The ability to demonstrate strongcoordination between the eye and handand display finesse in hand movements.• People with strong Fine Bodily Intelligencelove working with their hands and have anatural gift for activities that involve manualskills.• Such people make goodcivil engineers;car designer;painters, etc.
Musical IntelligenceMusical Intelligence– capacity to think in music;– able to hear patterns, recognizethem, manipulate them;– “Music Smart”.
• People with a strong Musical Intelligencehave an aptitude for learning and playingmusical instruments, singing, identifyingmelodies and rhythms.• It may be easy for them to remember along list of songs and they can easily hearmusic in their heads, even when it is notplaying around them.• Such people make goodsingers;musicians;jingle writers,sound designers, etc.
Interpersonal IntelligenceInterpersonal Intelligence– understanding other people;– ability to work with & motivateothers toward a common goal;– “People Smart”.
• People with strong Interpersonal Intelligencehave an aptitude for effectively interactingand dealing with others.• They are often called on when friends orfamily want to share their problems withsomeone and need a good listener andadviser.• Such people make goodpublic speakers;politicians;radio jockeys;journalists, etc.
Intrapersonal IntelligenceIntrapersonal Intelligence– skills of self-knowledge;– knowing who you are, what– you can do, what you want;– “Self smart”.
• People with strong IntrapersonalIntelligence have an aptitude for being intune with their emotions, feelings, andinner self.• They have a clear understanding of whatmakes them tick, and have good controlover their emotions.• Such people make goodspiritual healers;writers whowrite spiritual orinspiring books etc.
Naturalist IntelligenceNaturalist Intelligence•skills of making connection toelements in nature;•“Nature Smart”.
• People with strong Naturalistic Intelligencehave an aptitude for connecting withnature - plants, animals, the environment,etc.• They enjoy spending time in the lap ofMother Nature and appreciate thewonderful gifts nature has given us.• Such people make goodenvironmental activists;vets;agricultural professional etc.
So…What?So…What?It is important that all teachersunderstand the differentintelligences among students andapply the lessons developed in theclassroom to each student.
Traditional teacherTraditional teacherss• LECTURE whilestanding at the frontof the classroom• WRITE on theblackboard• ASK to studentsquestions about theassigned reading orhandouts• WAIT while studentsfinish their writtenwork
M.I.M.I. EASYEASY TEACHERTEACHERSS• Lecture and write onthe whiteboard at thefront of the room• BUT ALSO shift methodsof presentation fromlinguistic to spatial tomusical and so on,often combiningintelligences increative ways such as;• Drawing pictures onthe whiteboard• Showing a videotape toillustrate an idea• Playing music at sometime during the day• Providing hands-onexperiences• Having studentsinteracting with eachother in different ways• And…
……to practise!to practise!• Can you present the ABC to thestudents with eight different types ofintelligence?!
to check…to check……how you aresmart – go towww.bgfl.org
RReferenceeferencess• Buzan, Tony.Buzan, Tony. Use Both Sides of Your BrainUse Both Sides of Your Brain. New York: Dutton, 1991.. New York: Dutton, 1991.• Campbell, L. and B. Campbell.Campbell, L. and B. Campbell. Multiple Intelligences and StudentMultiple Intelligences and StudentAchievement: Success Stories from Six SchoolsAchievement: Success Stories from Six Schools. Alexandria, VA:. Alexandria, VA:ASCD, 2000.ASCD, 2000.• Gardner, Howard.Gardner, Howard. Frames of Mind: The Theory of MultipleFrames of Mind: The Theory of MultipleIntelligencesIntelligences. New York: Basic Books, 1983.. New York: Basic Books, 1983.• Gardner, Howard.Gardner, Howard. Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in PracticeMultiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice..New York: Basic Books, 1993.New York: Basic Books, 1993.• Gardner, Howard.Gardner, Howard. Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences forIntelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences forthe 21st Centurythe 21st Century. New York: Basic, 1999.. New York: Basic, 1999.• Hoerr, T.Hoerr, T. Becoming a Multiple Intelligences SchoolBecoming a Multiple Intelligences School. Alexandria, VA:. Alexandria, VA:ASCD, 2000.ASCD, 2000.• Multiple intelligences. Article. British Counsil. http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articles/multiple-intelligences• Pics of our kids - Sophie
To sum upTo sum up or instead of thank you…or instead of thank you…The most important thing is NOT,How SMART you are,It is HOW YOU ARE SMART!!!Jennie specially for ESvk.firstname.lastname@example.org