Special education - EDUCATION FOR ALL!

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Giving equal opportunity to all children in terms of education because EDUCATION IS FOR ALL!

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Special education - EDUCATION FOR ALL!

  1. 1. SPECIAL EDUCATION
  2. 2. The White Paper on Education, Charting our Education Future (1995), states: ALL STUDENTS, regardless of their personal circumstances, HAVE A RIGHT of access to and participation in the education system, according to their potential and ability.
  3. 3. DEFINITION: SPECIAL EDUCATION OR SPECIAL NEEDS EDUCATION - is the education of students with special needs in a way that addresses the students' individual differences and needs.
  4. 4. It also refers to the arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, accessible settings, and other interventions designed to address the needs of students with learning differences, mental health issues, physical and developmental disabilities, and giftedness.
  5. 5. VISION FOR CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
  6. 6. “The State, community and family hold a common vision for the Filipino child with special needs. By the 21st century, it is envisioned that he/she could be adequately provided with basic education. This education should fully realize his/her own potentials for development and productivity as well as being capable of self-expression of his/her rights in society. More importantly, he/she is God-loving and proud of being a Filipino.
  7. 7. GOAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION - to provide children with special needs appropriate educational services within the mainstream of basic education.
  8. 8. The two-pronged goal includes the development of key strategies on legislation, human resource development, family involvement and active participation of government and non-government organizations.
  9. 9. 1987 Philippine Constitution. Article II, Section 17 -provides that the state must give priority to education.
  10. 10. Article XIV, Section 1 guarantees that this education be accessible to all: appropriate steps must be taken.
  11. 11. Chapter II of Title II of the Magna Carta for Disable Persons, RA 7277 Sec. 12 mandates that the "State shall take into consideration the special requirements of disabled persons in the formulation of educational policies and programs."
  12. 12. On the other hand, learning institutions are encouraged "to take into account the special needs of disabled persons with respect to the use of school facilities, class schedules, physical education requirements, and other pertinent consideration." Specifically, learning institutions are encouraged to provide "auxiliary services that will facilitate the learning process for disabled persons."
  13. 13. Sec. 14 of RA 7277 provides that the State "shall establish, maintain and support complete, adequate and integrated system of special education for the visually impaired, hearing impaired, mentally retarded persons and other types of exceptional children in all regions of the country."
  14. 14. OBJECTIVES OF SPECIAL EDUCATION
  15. 15. OProvide a flexible and individualized support system for children and youth with special needs in a regular class environment in schools nearest the students’ home.
  16. 16. OImplement a life-long curriculum to include early intervention and parent education, basic education and transition programs on vocational training or preparation for college, and
  17. 17. O Make available an array educational programs and services: the Special Education Center built on “a school within a school concept” as the resource center for children and youth with special needs; inclusive education in regular schools, special and residential schools, homebound instruction, hospital instruction and community-based programs; alternative modes of service delivery to reach the advantaged children in far-flung towns, depressed areas and underserved barangays.
  18. 18. Special Education Act of 2007 identifies ten groups of Children with Special Needs (CSNs): 1. gifted children and fast learners 2. mentally handicapped/mentally retarded 3. visually impaired 4. hearing impaired 5. children with behavior problems 6. orthopedically handicapped 7. children with special health problems 8. children with learning disabilities (perceptual handicap, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia and developmental aphasia) 9. speech impaired 10. persons with autism
  19. 19. PRINCIPLES OF SPECIAL EDUCATION
  20. 20. • students with special educational needs have a right to an appropriate education • the needs of the individual student are paramount in decisions relating to their education • parents should have an active role within the system • a continuum of educational services should be provided and, where practicable, appropriate education should be provided in ordinary schools for all students with special educational needs • only in exceptional circumstances should a student have to live away from home to avail of an appropriate education • the state should provide adequate resources to enable students with special educational needs to avail of an appropriate education.

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