Chapter 2 special program and services for special children
PREPARED BY:GERALDINE REYES
TO THE COURSEPROFESSORS ANDSTUDENTS: This is followed by the descriptions of the different special education ,programs and services with emphasis on inclusive education, its definition, salient features and support services.
Course professors areencourage to use visual aids inpresenting the different topics inthis chapter: Define the following terms: prevalence, identifiable prevalence, true prevalence, incidence Compare the prevalence estimate of children with special needs done by the UNICEF and the World Health Organization
Explain the figure on the true prevalence of Filipino children and youth with special needs Describe the different special education programs and services offered by the Philippine public and private schools or institutions and cite examples for each
Discuss the definition of inclusive education and its salient features Enumerate the support services extended to children with special needs
SPECIAL EDUCATION DIVISION OFTHE BUREAU OF ELEMENTARYEDUCATION Formulate policies, plans and programs Develop standards of programs and services Monitor and evaluate the efficiency of programs and services Conduct in-service training programs to upgrade the competencies of special education administrators, teachers and ancillary personnel; Establish and strengthen linkages and networks
PREVALANCE OF CHILDREN ANDYOUTH WITH SPECIAL NEEDS Prevalance—refers to the total number of cases of a particular condition, those with exceptionality (giftedness and talent) and developmental disabilities and impairments. Identifiable prevalence- refers to the cases that have come in contact with some systems.
True prevalence- assumes that there are a larger number of children and youth with special needs who are in school or in the community who have not been identified as such and are not in the special education programs of Department of Education.
RANGE OF SPECIAL EDUCATIONPROGRAMS AND SERVICES Special Education Center- is a service delivery system which operates on the “ school within a school” concept. Special class or self- contained class- is the most popular type among the special education programs.
Integration and mainstreaming programs- have followed children and youth with disabilities to study in regular classes and learn side by side with their peers for the last forty years.
-Partial mainstreaming- children who have moderate or severe forms of disabilities are mainstreamed in a regular classes. - Full mainstreaming- children with disabilities are enrolled in regular classes and recite in all the subjects.
Special day school- serves one or more types of disabilities. Residential school- provides both special education and dormitory services for its students.