TIME LINE African Regional Scenario The Berlín Scramble for Role of European ColonialConference Africa explorers, Imperialism in1884 - 1885 traders and Africa. Rule in 1886 christian missionares 1870 - 1898 Africa
The Berlín Conference 1884 - 1885Mambu Ma Nzambi Kabinda , The Scramble for Africa:Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 to Divide Africa, recovered in Oct. 11 2010, URL :http://www.cabinda.net/Berlin_Conference.htm
• In November 1884, the imperial chancellor and architect of the German Empire, Otto von Bismarck, convened a conference of 14 states (including the United States) to settle the political partitioning of Africa.• Bismarck wanted not only to expand German spheres of influence in Africa but also to play off Germanys colonial rivals against one another to the Germans advantage.• Of these fourteen nations, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portugal were the major players in the conference, controlling most of colonial Africa at the time.
What did the europeans did once they gained control ?Khapoya, Vincent. Coloniallism and African experience, in The African Experience book.1998. Prentice-Hall. Pp. 135 – 137
The Role of Explorers, Traders & Christian Missionaries.
Mungo Park was a Scottish explorer who led one of the first expeditions to investigate the course of the Niger river in Western Africa. Explorers: • Mungo Park, explored the Niger river. • David Livingstone, intrigued by the mysteries of vast unexplored areas of South Africa, started as a missionary and was believed death for years until Henry Stanley was sent to look the whereabouts of Dr. Livingstone, he was succesful and they both explored central Africa for a time. Stanley returned to civilization and Dr. Livingstone died in Africa in 1873
Traders:Think Exist. From Africa to Europe, recovered in Oct. 11 2010, URL:http://library.thinkquest.org/13406/ta/2.htm
Christian Missioners:• The introduction of the church into Africa by the Portuguese took place in the late years of the 1400´s The missionaries facilitated the establishment of commercial routes and the unification of the african kingdoms.• The Christian missions, promoted the establishment of schools that provided literacy and the raise of “productivity”.
European imperialism in Africa• By the year 1875 European possessions in Africa consisted of fortifications and trading posts along the coast. But between 1880 and 1910, Africa was divided up among the European nations.• For the next 50 years Africa was almost totally controlled by the European powers. Mali and West Africa came under French rule.• Britains colonies were scattered throughout the continent. Although the French controlled the most territory, Britain ruled the greatest number of people. Jim Lloyd. Colonialism and Imperialism, recovered in Oct. 11 2010, URL : http://www.fresno.k12.ca.us/divdept/sscience/history/imperialism_colonialism.htm
Mc Dougal, Litell, (1999) , TELESCOPING THE TIMES: The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914Recovered in October 11, 2010. URL:http://mclane.fresno.k12.ca.us/wilson98/assigments/impch11.html
Colonial Rule in AfricaKhapoya, Vincent. Coloniallism and African experience, in The African Experience book.1998. Prentice-Hall. Pp. 126
There are five benefits of colonial rule, according to some (western, of course) scholars. 1-. Introduction of western medicine. 2-. Introduction of formal education. 3-. Establishment of infraestructure, development of new skills. 4-. Introduction of Islam and Christianity “simplified” African spirituality.Khapoya, Vincent. Coloniallism and African experience, in The African Experience book.1998. Prentice-Hall. Pp. 126
Negative implications of colonial rule in Africa1-.The breaking down of the indigenousculture.2-. Physical harm of native population.3-. Major exploitation of local resources4-. The Europeans introduced their rulingsystem and then left this system when theywithdrew, without having empowered thelocal population in order to be able to seizeeffectively this ruling system.