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Empire building in africa


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World History Ch.6 Section 2 part 1

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Empire building in africa

  1. 1. Empire Building in Africa<br />Ch.6 Section 2<br />
  2. 2. West Africa<br />Natural Resources Wanted:<br />Peanuts, timber, hides, and palm oil<br />Slave trade had virtually ended by the late 1800’s<br />British had settlements along the Gold Coast and in Sierra Leone<br />French controlled the largest part of W Africa<br />Germany controlled Togo, Cameroon, German SW Africa and German E Africa<br />
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  4. 4. Egypt's Importance<br />Egypt: Freed from the Ottoman Empire by Muhammad Ali in 1805- brought Egypt into the modern world (public schools, industry)<br />Suez Canal: In Nile Valley, connected the Mediterranean and the Red Seas. Built by Ferdinand De Lesseps in 1869<br />British wanted control over canal for trade with India; made Egypt a British Protectorate in 1914<br />
  5. 5. North Africa<br />British controlled Egypt, and by 1898 Sudan<br />French controlled Algeria, Tunisia and much of Morocco<br />Italy tried to take Ethiopia and failed (first European state to be defeated by African state). Later took Tipoli, now called Libya<br />
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  7. 7. Important People<br />David Livingston: starting in 1841 explored the uncharted regions of central Africa for 30 years<br />Henry Stanley: a young journalist sent to find Livingston after he disappeared<br />Explored the Congo and encouraged European settlement there<br />
  8. 8. Central Africa<br />Belgium settled the Congo (King Leopold II)<br />France took territories north of the Congo<br />European states were concerned about Belgium controlling the vast territories of the Congo<br />
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  10. 10. East Africa<br />Major competition over East Africa between Britain and Germany<br />Some competition from Portugal and Belgium<br />Berlin Conference 1884-85: Recognized British and German claims to specific territories and gave Portugal Mozambique. <br />Adopted an agreement that described how a European nation could lay claim to an area of Africa.<br />
  11. 11. South Africa<br />Cape Town settled by Dutch since 1600’s<br />Called Boers or Afrikaners<br />Taken by British after Napoleonic Wars<br />White population of South Africa was 200,000 by 1865<br />