The Rhodes Colossus (1892).Caricature of Cecil John Rhodes, after he announced plans for a telegraph line and railroad from Cape Town to Cairo.
Imperialism in the18 th & 19 th Centuries
IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914)Industrialized nations (Europe, U.S.,Russia, and later Japan)strengthened their control over theircolonies AND establishedtransoceanic empires throughoutAsia, the Pacific, and Africa.Imperialism is this extension ofpolitical and economic control.
Scramble for Africa By 1914, 90% of Africa under European control France Northwest Africa Britain from Egypt to South Africa Belgium in the Congo (central Africa) Italy in Libya and Eastern Africa Portugal in southern Africa Germany in scattered areas Berlin Conference in 1885 sets ground rules for European colonization of Africa
Scramble for Africa Consequences Traditional way of life disrupted Economic exploitation of Africans European racism imported into Africa Spread of European culture Spread of Western technology
Britain (United Kingdom) Includes England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland Largest colonial empire “Sun never sets on the British Empire” Colonies established to protect trading interests in Africa and Asia Two kinds of colonies “White” Colonies (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa) Populated mainly by people that moved there from Britain Given self-rule “Non-white” Colonies (India, Africa) Under indirect rule Populated mainly by people who are native to the area Few people from Britain actually live there – but control the government
Common advertisement during Imperialism What is being advertised? Where is this taking place? How can you tell? What is going on? What does it tell us about imperialism / colonialism? Who was the queen at the time?
European Imperialism in India Consequences of British Imperialism in India British educational system established Spread of English language Railroads tie India together Rise of Indian middle class