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  • The Rhodes Colossus (1892).Caricature of Cecil John Rhodes, after he announced plans for a telegraph line and railroad from Cape Town to Cairo.
  • Imperialism

    1. 1. Imperialism in the18 th & 19 th Centuries
    2. 2. IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914)Industrialized nations (Europe, U.S.,Russia, and later Japan)strengthened their control over theircolonies AND establishedtransoceanic empires throughoutAsia, the Pacific, and Africa.Imperialism is this extension ofpolitical and economic control.
    3. 3. European Colonies - 1700
    4. 4. Industrialized nations control by 1900
    5. 5. The partition of Africa 1800s
    6. 6. Scramble for Africa By 1914, 90% of Africa under European control  France Northwest Africa  Britain from Egypt to South Africa  Belgium in the Congo (central Africa)  Italy in Libya and Eastern Africa  Portugal in southern Africa  Germany in scattered areas Berlin Conference in 1885 sets ground rules for European colonization of Africa
    7. 7. The Rhodes Colossus©2012, TESCCC
    8. 8. The partition of Africa 1914
    9. 9. Scramble for Africa Consequences  Traditional way of life disrupted  Economic exploitation of Africans  European racism imported into Africa  Spread of European culture  Spread of Western technology
    10. 10. An example from China- the Opium Wars 1830s
    11. 11. Silver to China!
    12. 12. Tea & Silkfrom China
    13. 13. Opium Warehouse - India
    15. 15. Opium War 1839
    16. 16. Treaty of Nanjing
    17. 17. The British Empire 19th century
    18. 18. WHY did industrialized nations seek to control other areas of the world inthe 18th and 19th centuries?
    19. 19. Western nations wanted: PROFIT!!Industrialized nations wanted access to: raw materials for their factories
    20. 20.  markets for their factory products
    21. 21.  To control the trade of valuable products around the world.
    22. 22.  Missionaries, aid societies, and others wanted to “Christianize” and/or “civilize” people in less developed regions.
    23. 23. HOW did they do it?Industrialized nations: Used their stronger militaries (using superior firepower, military technology, & navies)
    24. 24. U.S. Troops in the Philippines
    25. 25. Industrialized nations: Used their wealth for influence Had support by industrialists, military, and religious groups
    26. 26. Industrialized nations had: Medicines and medical technology
    27. 27. JUSTIFICATION for Imperialism Widespread belief among imperial powers that European (or Japanese) races SHOULD dominate the world. SOCIAL DARWINISM – survival of the world’s best races
    28. 28. British control of India
    29. 29. Britain (United Kingdom) Includes England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland Largest colonial empire  “Sun never sets on the British Empire”  Colonies established to protect trading interests in Africa and Asia  Two kinds of colonies  “White” Colonies (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa) Populated mainly by people that moved there from Britain  Given self-rule  “Non-white” Colonies (India, Africa)  Under indirect rule  Populated mainly by people who are native to the area  Few people from Britain actually live there – but control the government
    30. 30. Common advertisement during Imperialism What is being advertised? Where is this taking place? How can you tell? What is going on? What does it tell us about imperialism / colonialism? Who was the queen at the time?
    31. 31. A British Merchants Home in Colonial India
    32. 32. European Imperialism in India Consequences of British Imperialism in India  British educational system established  Spread of English language  Railroads tie India together  Rise of Indian middle class