Africa Before Imperialism Cp


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Africa Before Imperialism Cp

  1. 1. Africa Before Imperialism<br />
  2. 2. AFRICA IS NOT A COUNTRY!!!<br />Africa is a continent. It has many different countries in it.<br />Many of the countries had their own language, culture, beliefs, background, and land.<br />What does this make them?<br />
  3. 3. Early European Interactions<br />In the 1400s Europeans began to have interactions with Africans, but they were minimal and limited to the coasts because they were afraid of malaria.<br />Europeans and Africans traded some commodities such as gold, ivory, and spices. Africans kept Europeans under control and from becoming too powerful with their strong armies.<br />
  4. 4. Slave Trade<br />Internal slave trade had been going on in Africa for a long time. Europeans began trading slaves with Africans and this led to external slave trade and began what is known as the “triangle trade.”<br />
  5. 5. Europeans Gain Power<br />Overtime Europeans discovered quinine which prevented malaria and developed the Maxim Gun which was stronger than African weapons.<br />With these new discoveries Europeans started setting up colonies in Africa.<br />
  6. 6. Fight Over Africa<br />Belgium had one of the first colonies in Africa, after other European countries saw this they wanted colonies as well.<br />European countries began rushing to claim parts of Africa for themselves.<br />
  7. 7. Berlin Conference<br />To avoid a war Europeans decided to have a conference to solve the problem with Africa.<br />14 European nations met at the Berlin Conference (1884 – 1885) to decide how to divide up Africa. No representatives from Africa were present.<br />European nations divided up the continent with no regard to the various ethnic/linguistic groups in Africa. This conference decided Africa’s fate and set Africa up for many of the conflicts it still faces today<br />
  8. 8. Big Ideas 1<br />Racism – the belief that one group of people is better than another – Europeans believed they were better than the Africans.<br />Social Darwinism – the belief that naturally there is one stronger group and one weaker group – Europeans believed they were the stronger group and Africans were the weaker group.<br />
  9. 9. Big Ideas 2<br />Industrialization – Europeans needed more raw materials to run machines.<br />Nationalism – Europeans wanted to show how strong their nations were by dominating the African nations.<br />Missionaries – many missionaries went to Africa to convert the people to Christianity and spread their beliefs.<br />
  10. 10. Big Ideas 3<br />Technology – with the invention of the steam engine Europeans were able to travel into the interior of Africa. The invention of the Maxim Gun also gave Europeans the upper hand.<br />Quinine – malaria was a concern for many Europeans, but quinine prevented malaria, so this allowed them to be more courageous.<br />