Expanding Role of AmericaPrior to World War One a desire for worldmarkets and belief in the supremacy of Anglo-Saxon culture led the United States to assertitself as a world power.Imperialism is theeconomic and politicaldomination of a strongnation over weaker ones.
Causes of American Imperialism• The belief in the superiority of American Culture• The belief that then nation needed a large navy for security with bases overseas• The belief that the economy needed more overseas markets (especially Japan and China)
The Spanish American War Effects Causes Cuba gains independenceU.S supportof the CubanRebellion War with Spain in Cuba and U.S gains the Philippines overseas empire:The sinking of Annexes Guamthe USS Maine and Puerto Ricoin HavanaHarbor U.S extends power through military force in the Philippines
Presidents Roosevelt and Taft continued to support apolicy of expanding United States influence in foreigncountries. The following examples represent theimperialist policies of the United States during the turn ofthe century.
The Panama CanalRoosevelt and others believed a canal throughcentral America would save time and money formilitary and commercial shipping. The canalshortened the distance between the Pacific andAtlantic Oceans by 8,000 miles.
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe DoctrineStated that the UnitedStates would intervenein Latin American affairswhen it felt it wasnecessary. This wouldmaintain economic andpolitical stability in theWestern Hemisphere.
Dollar DiplomacyThe idea that American businesses shouldsupport Latin American development. Thiswould increase trade and profit form Americanbusiness and give Europeans feweropportunities to interfere in Latin America.
Big Stick Diplomacy“Speak softly , and carry a big stick…” was president Roosevelt’s way ofsaying that we should try to peacefully negotiate, but when that fails, weshouldn’t be afraid to use our military might to frighten countries intotreaties or other agreements as we saw fit.
PhilippinesThe Spanish had held the Philippines as a strategic colonial hold in the Pacific since themid-16th century. The first fighting between the American and Spanish forces there wasat Manila Bay on May 1, 1898. The Philippines had been revolting against Spanishcolonial rule but had signed a treaty and were not fighting at the time American forcescame to their “aide”. Was this really a war in which we were helping the Philippines fightfor their Independence or was it an example of American Imperialism where the U.S.was interested in Pacific strongholds?
Which of the following was not an outcome of theSpanish American War?b)Cuba gained its independencec)The U.S gained Guam and Puerto Ricod)Philippines willfully accepted American occupatione)The United States acquired a overseas empire
During the late 1800s, the United States took anexpanded role in world affairs partially becauseof the acquisition of territory -a) In the Pacificb) On the African Continentc) In the Middle Eastd) Along the Baltic Sea
What foreign policy is represented by this cartoon?b)Dollar Diplomacyc)Monroe Doctrined)Construction of the Panama Canale)Open Door Policy
Which of the following is not a reason for American Imperialism?a) Expand trade to foreign marketsb) Increase populationc) Belief in the supremacy of American cultured) Overseas bases for a powerful navy
Use the excerpt and social studies knowledge to answer thequestion below. How long are the Spaniards to drench Cuba with the bloodand tears of her people? How long is the peasantry of Spain to bedrafted away to Cuba to die miserably in a hopeless war, thatSpanish nobles and Spanish officers may get medals and honors? - New York World, 1897The author of this article most likely believed that the U.Sinvolvement in the Spanish American War was necessary in orderto-j)Prevent further casualties in Cubak)Protect U.S economic interests in Spainl)Make Cuba a U.S colony
Analyze the cartoon above. President Roosevelt was known for using “big stickdiplomacy.” What does that mean and what were some examples of this style ofdiplomacy.
Roosevelt Shrinks the World!What is this headline referring to?b)The building of the Panama Canalc)The end of the Spanish American Ward)The annexation of Hawaiie)The Monroe Doctrine