Spokane Valley Fire Department Training Division Forcible Entry using the flat head axe and a Halligan tool… The "Irons"
<ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve access into buildings without firefighter injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate professional forcible entry techniques, preventing unnecessary structural damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Control door openings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This allows us to gain access/egress points that can be opened or closed to suit ventilation needs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide additional exit points for interior crews in case of emergency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows us to secure the building more effectively after firefighting operations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>References: </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Brennan video from station library </li></ul><ul><li>IFSTA Forcible Entry 7 th Ed. </li></ul>
Forcible Entry on Inward Opening Door (Most common for residential exterior)
1. Have hoseline ready, feel for heat. 2. Try before you pry, it may be unlocked Prior to attempting to open the door:
Have a plan to control the door when it swings open.
Set the forks slightly above or below the latch or deadbolt. Shove them between the jam and the door, with the tool arm near the door surface. Note the angle of the fulcrum against the door for inward opening door
The axe man should use short controlled blows perpendicular to the adz. Strikes will be less likely to miss and hit Iron’s man hand at this 90 degree angle.
Iron’s man should be pulling the halligan toward him as the forks are being forced between the door frame and the door.
Continue to force the forks into the jam while pulling the halligan perpendicular to the doorframe
Be sure to force the forks in at least 1 to 1 ½ inches past the door frame. Otherwise you will not get an adequate purchase and will need to start over
Pop the door by sharply forcing the halligan toward the door.
Keep control of the door, stay low and to the side. Have full PPE and SCBA properly donned and hoseline ready.
Pull strap to close door if conditions require.
The adz can also be used to open an inward opening door.
Ax man strikes on the command of the Iron’s man The Iron’s man keeps his eyes on his position with the forks, he does not need to watch the Axe man
Drive the forks past the inside of the door 1 to 1 ½”.
Axe man comes up to control door prior to Iron’s man pulling the tool to pop the door
Have hoseline in place while opening door. Note position of foot to limit doors opening.
Recessed doors may prevent you from using the forks technique. This wall will limit your space to pry
Use the adz end of the halligan for these situations.
Or… You may have a recessed door with limited space for the axe man to operate.
Now there is more room for the axe man to operate
Be sure to drive the adz 1 to 1 ½” into the door.
Once the adz is driven far enough, pull the bar toward you and pop the door Or… A varied method is to push down on the bar and pop the door
When your crew is out on inspections or EMS calls, take a look around the building. If you were assigned to force entry: - what would you open up? - what tools do you need to do it?
This is an outward swinging commercial door. Which way are you placing your halligan fulcrum?
The fire service has long valued good forcible entry skills as a means to quickly gain access to the building to fight fire. We should also recognize the importance of gaining additional egress points in large buildings in case things start going badly for interior crews. Be sure someone is assigned to force as many openings as possible. (Control openings per IC and ventilation requirements)
Why not just break the glass? <ul><li>You could, but… </li></ul><ul><li>We want to be able to control the opening in order to control ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Replacing the broken glass may be more expensive than the marks left by a professionally placed set of “Irons”. </li></ul>
Most exit doors for commercial buildings are outward swing. How are you going to open this one? Did you see the Knox Box?
Try before you pry Have a hoseline in position Have your full PPE and SCBA donned. Open the door slowly, (hazardous door entry) Know the trade, make it safe for interior crews and be able to do it efficiently, effectively and professionally.