Emergency Exits


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Work done by a student for a workplace safety course, using the Newfoundland and Labrador Occupation Health& Safety Act.

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Emergency Exits

  1. 1. Emergency Exits By: Emily Bonnell
  2. 2. Emergency Exits <ul><li>In the event of an emergency how would you escape from your workplace? Do you know where the nearest emergency exit is to you? If this exit was to crowded where would you go? Questions like these are ones people should know the answers to but do not always. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is an Emergency Exit <ul><li>An emergency exit is a different exit in a building that can be used in case of an emergency such as a fire. </li></ul>
  4. 4. According to the Occupational Health and Safety Act <ul><li>33. (1) Emergency exits shall be designed and marked to provide quick and unimpeded exit and periodical emergency drills shall be held to ensure workers’ awareness of the availability of the exits. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Purpose of Emergency Exits <ul><li>The purpose of an emergency exit is to provide faster evacuation of the building. Also when an emergency like a fire occurs normal exits may be blocked. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Where Are Emergency Exits Usually Located? <ul><li>Emergency exits must be on different sides of the building from each other. They are usually placed in a stairwell or hallway. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exit Route <ul><li>Exits routes are made up of three different parts. The exit access, the exit, and the exit discharge. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exit Access <ul><li>This part of the exit leads up to the actual entry. It has to be kept clear of any objects that may interfere with exiting of the building. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Exit <ul><li>This part of the exit route is separated from other areas to provide a safe exit of the building. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Exit Discharge <ul><li>The part of the exit route that leads to the outside a public street or a walkway. An exit discharge can also lead to an open area that will lead to the outside. </li></ul>
  11. 11. How Many Exit Routes Per Building? <ul><li>In most cases workplaces must have at least two emergency exits. Although there may be a need for more emergency exits if there are a large number of employees, if the building’s size is fairly large, or if the workplace will not allow workers to exit safely without more exits. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Requirements of Emergency Exits <ul><li>Exits must have fire resistant materials. If three or less stories of a building are connected than it must be fire-resistant for up to one-hour. More than 3 stories it must have two hour fire-resistant rating. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Must Employees Have Emergency Action Plans? <ul><li>If your workplace has ten or less employees the emergency action plan can be communicated orally. But if you have more than ten employees the plan must be written and kept in the workplace. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Keeping Emergency Exits Safe <ul><li>Exits must be separated from explosive and flammable materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Place emergency exits so employees will not have to go through dangerous areas to reach the closest exit to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency routes must not be locked or lead to dead-ends. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Lighting must be provided for exit routes. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep exit free of decoration that may block the exit sign. </li></ul><ul><li>Put signs near exit so people know where to go during an emergency. Signs must be able to be seen from a distance. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark doors so it is clear emergency exits are not to be used everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure fire-retardant paints are renewed after so long. </li></ul><ul><li>An emergency alarm system must be installed to alert employees. </li></ul>
  16. 16. During an Emergency <ul><li>Know where to go to exit the building. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use an elevator during an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>In the case of a fire close all doors behind you and never open a door that feels hot. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Exit Signs <ul><li>It is a necessity for emergency exits to have working emergency signs. Most signs in Canada and the United States are red or green light up letters. These signs can cost between $15 and $1500! </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Proper emergency exit signs. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>An emergency fire escape outside of the building. </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Pamphlets like these should be kept in workplaces. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Do’s and Don'ts
  22. 23. Emergency Exits
  23. 25. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.drillspot.com/pimages/168/16821_300.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergency_exit </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/emergency-exit-routes-factsheet.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pb.unimelb.edu.au/emergency/template-assets-custom/images/thin-exit-sign.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.buildingcommission.com.au/resources/images/Exit-awareness-poster.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gneil.com/images/products/2slN0250.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hrshopper.com/emergency_exit.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://rwdsu.info/workplace-fires-exit-strategies.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.reflexivity.us/blog/archives/emergency%20exit.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/00/15/5b/1d/blocked-emergency-exit.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ci.san-marcos.tx.us/Departments/Fire/Images/ExitDoor004.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://20roof.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.compliancesigns.com/media/NH/NHE-9416_300.gif </li></ul><ul><li>www.mobilitytransportation.com/images/gallery/Extra%20Equipment/Emergency%20exit,% </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.freesignage.co.uk/pdfthumbs/safe/emergency_exit_only_safe_condition_sign.png </li></ul>