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Clil: What´s Clil?



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Clil: What´s Clil?

  1. 1. CLIL Content and language integrated learning
  2. 2. What is CLIL ? <ul><li>It is a dual-focused educational approach in which an additional language is used for the learning and teaching of both content and language . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where does CLIL come from? <ul><li>It was coined in 1994, but the first known CLIL -type programme dates back some 5000 years to what is now Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>CLIL seeks to support second-language learning while also favouring first-language development </li></ul>
  4. 4. The rise of CLIL <ul><li>By the mid-90s globalization was placing greater linguistic demands on mainstream education. </li></ul><ul><li>It has made the world interconnected. </li></ul><ul><li>The world is becoming a mixed global village. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mindset <ul><li>The Generation Y (1982-2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on immediacy as in “learn as you use, use as you learn” </li></ul><ul><li>The Cyber Generation (after 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by their own early, personal, hands-on experience with integrated technologies </li></ul>
  6. 6. CLIL strategies <ul><li>A language that is not the student’s native language </li></ul><ul><li>Content teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Language teachers in CLIL programmes supporting content teachers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Integration <ul><li>Language learning is included in content classes </li></ul><ul><li>Content from subjects is used in language-learning classes </li></ul>
  8. 8. CLIL content goals are supported by language goals <ul><li>In addition to a focus on content and language there is a third element </li></ul><ul><li>The development of learning skills </li></ul>
  9. 10. The many faces of CLIL <ul><li>Language showers </li></ul><ul><li>CLIL camps </li></ul><ul><li>Student exchanges </li></ul><ul><li>Local projects </li></ul><ul><li>International projects </li></ul><ul><li>Family stays </li></ul><ul><li>Modules </li></ul><ul><li>Work-study abroad </li></ul><ul><li>One or more subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Partial immersion </li></ul><ul><li>Total immersion </li></ul><ul><li>Two-way-immersion </li></ul><ul><li>Double immersion </li></ul>
  10. 11. Language showers <ul><li>For students between 4-10 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Between 30 minutes/1 hour of exposure per day </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies: games, songs, visual, realia and handling of objects and movements </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher: speaks in CLIL language </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: * be aware of the existence of different languages, * be prepared for language learning </li></ul><ul><li>Suggested activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Routine activities (lunchtime, get dressed) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies: repetition, maiming, gesturing pointing, songs to teach new vocabulary </li></ul>
  11. 12. CLIL camps <ul><li>For students coming from one school </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose-designed location </li></ul><ul><li>Length: 5 days </li></ul><ul><li>Organization: * students are sub-divided into teams, * there are rules (all participants must use the CLIL language), * could be a system of tokens and fines </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: * experience success in living a second-language environment, * have fun and associate the CLIL language with an enjoyable experience, * motivate students to continue second-language study, * inspire students to continue learning the CLIL language </li></ul>
  12. 13. CLIL camps <ul><li>Suggested activities for children from 9 years old: * hiking and orienteering, * a final talent show, * student teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Suggested activities for very young children: * a walkabout in the nature environment, * planning and building birdhouses, * doing competitive and non-competitive sports </li></ul>
  13. 14. International projects <ul><li>Need to lead to concrete accomplishments and enable students to connect with new ideas, sources and people </li></ul><ul><li>Schools can either join existing projects or create a project of their own </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: * help students assume greater responsibility for their learning, * motivate students, * create opportunities for contact and communication with other speakers of the CLIL language, * develop skills in communication, information and communication technologies, teamwork and problem solving, * develop reasoning, enquiry, critical and creative thinking and evaluation skills </li></ul>
  14. 15. Suggested activities <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>To choose a topic and develop it with the help of parents, members of the local community, etc. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Total immersion programmes <ul><li>Begin in kindergarten or during the first year of school </li></ul><ul><li>The curriculum is delivered through the medium of the first language </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher: * speaks the immersion language, * puts stress on communication skills (emphasis on fluency than on accuracy) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies: repetition and gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Language: presented systematically and unsystematically </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: * functional fluency in a second language, * development of their mother tongue, * curriculum expectations in all subjects, * an appreciation on their own culture (s) and the culture (s) related to the immersion language </li></ul>
  16. 17. Bumps in the road to good practice in CLIL <ul><li>Grasping the concept and grappling with misconceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Interfering with content acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable for the brightest students </li></ul><ul><li>Just-in-case approach </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>The shortage of CLIL teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Greater workload for teachers; shortage of materials </li></ul><ul><li>School administrators understanding the implications of CLIL programming </li></ul>