Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The French And Indian War

2,855 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

The French And Indian War

  1. 1. The French and Indian War MAIN IDEA: Britain’s Victory in the French and Indian War Marked the End of the French Empire in North America.
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>French and Spanish owned land surrounding British colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies could not expand </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio River Valley was extremely important to French: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected land in Canada to land on the Mississippi River </li></ul></ul><ul><li>French had profitable trade relations with N-A’s </li></ul><ul><li>Britain wanted to trade with N-A’s for fur </li></ul>
  3. 3. Native Americans Choose Sides <ul><li>Native Americans needed to choose sides: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared/destroyed N-A land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allies with Iroquois </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iroquois and British were enemies of the Algonquin and Huron tribes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Native Americans Choose Sides <ul><li>French: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trappers and Traders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not clear/destroy land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Married into and adopted N-A ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allies with Algonquin and Huron Tribes </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Fighting Breaks out in 1754 <ul><li>British traveled into French land (in the Ohio River Valley) </li></ul><ul><li>Built Fort Necessity near French Fort Duquesne </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built by George Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><li>French attacked and won </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Released Washington </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Albany Congress of 1754 <ul><li>Delegates from 7 colonies </li></ul><ul><li>2 Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cement alliance with Iroquois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan a united Colonial defense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Albany Plan of Union: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ben Franklin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to unite the colonies under one commander </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All colonies rejected the plan </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. British Luck <ul><li>British lost most battles </li></ul><ul><li>William Pitt turned the tied of the War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became head of the British gvn’t in 1757 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged colonists to join the fight by offering them large payments for supplies and service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seized Fort Duquesne and renamed it Fort Pitt </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. End of the War <ul><li>1759, British claimed Quebec (France’s most important possession) </li></ul><ul><li>1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marked the end of French power in North America </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Britain gained all French land East of the Mississippi River except New Orleans and West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Spain gained all French land West of the Mississippi River and New Orleans </li></ul>

×