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Child labor


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Child labor

  1. 1. Agriculture Children have always worked as farmers alongside their parents and families.
  2. 2. Industry in America As America grew in factories and industry, childre n became an important part of the labor force.
  3. 3. Reasons for Child Labor •Children were less expensive then adults •Average work day was eleven to twelve hours a day, sometimes as many as 18 hours, six days a week. •Average pay was one dollar a week.
  4. 4. Textile Industry Children as young as 7 worked in textiles By 1800, 2 million school aged children worked 50 – 70 hour weeks. By 1828, 50% of Manayunk’s workers were under age 15
  5. 5. Chimney Sweeps Some as young as 3 years old Sometimes bosses would under feed the children to keep them small. Many were African American
  6. 6. Breaker Boys Worked for 10 hours a day, 6 days a week in coal mines Made around 60 cents a day
  7. 7. Newsies Many orphan boys worked as Newsies, making pennies on each “pape” they sold. They were often homeless and relied on each other for safety and family.
  8. 8. Conditions Many children sustained injuries from their work They would be beaten and verbally abused by older workers
  9. 9. Conditions Many injuries included being caught in the machinery and losing limbs or their life.
  10. 10. Forms of punishment Weighted: the overseer would tie a heavy weight to a worker's neck, and have them walk up and down the factory aisles so the other children could see them and "take example." This could last up to an hour.
  11. 11. Forms of punishment Boys were sometimes dragged naked from their beds and sent to the factories only holding their clothes, to be put on there, to make sure the boys would not be late, even by a few minutes.