The french and indian war


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The french and indian war

  1. 1. Vocabulary People Places King Phillip’s War backcountry French and Indian War Pontiac’s Rebellion Proclamation of 1763 George Washington Metacom, Hendri ck Pontiac George III Fort Necessity Ohio River Valley Fort Duquesne Quebec
  2. 2.  The British, Native Americans and French fought for control of North America  Video  Reading  Great Links  Great Reading (high level)  Interactive timeline  Primary Source Reading
  3. 3.  1675 in New England  Wampanoag leader named Metacom led his people into battle against English settlers  His goal to force the English out  The English called Metacom “King Phillip”  War became known as King Phillip’s War  After one year of fighting Metacom was killed  The English settlers won, and now controlled most of England  During the 1700’s these settlers continued to move west and settle  What was one effect of King Phillip’s War?
  4. 4.  As colonial towns, plantations, and cities grew along the Atlantic Coast land became very expensive  Settlers moved to the backcountry; which was a rugged stretch of land near the Appalachian Mountains  Eventually they would move further west into the Ohio River Valley; a region of fertile land and thick forest along the Ohio River  However other groups already laid claim to this land.
  5. 5.  Robert La Salle laid claim to the Mississippi River and all of its tributaries for France  France laid claim to the Ohio River Valley because of this  Began building forts to defend this region  1753 Great Britain lays claim as well  British leaders wrote a letter to the French informing them that the Ohio River Valley is property of the Crown of Great Britain  French were told to leave immediately  George Washington was sent to deliver the letter
  6. 6.  Four months later George returned with the French response  French are refusing to leave  Washington was sent west again with 150 soldiers and was to build a fort where Allegheny and Monongahela rivers join to for the Ohio River  However when he arrived the French were already there, building Fort Duquesne  Washington decided to try to capture this French Fort  On what did France base its claim of the Ohio River Valley?
  7. 7.  Washington did not reach the fort but fought in the woods near there  He attacked and defeated some French soldiers  After the battle Washington and his soldiers returned to Fort Necessity; Britain had began building a few days before  The French attacked on a rainy day in July 1754.  Many of the British soldiers were killed or wounded  Washington was forced to surrender  Soaked and exhausted, the soldiers returned to Virginia  These two small battles were the start of a long war between France and Britain
  8. 8.  British forces were fighting the French and their Native American allies  The British tried to gain allies as well  Setup a meeting in Albany, New York in 1754 with the Iroquois League  Most resisted but one stepped up, Hendrick. He stated that the British and French were quarrelling about lands which belong to us, and their quarrel may end in our destruction.  However they did not join the British until 1759 with the hope of increasing their power and claims to their own land.
  9. 9.  Fighting for a Continent  1756 first official year of fighting  British suffered a series of defeats  French had a broad network of Native American alliances  1757 British Prime Minister William Pitt recognized the potential of expansion in North America and borrowed heavily to fun an expanded war effort  British send more soldiers, weapons, and supplies to increase war effort  The key battle was fought at Quebec  British General James Wolfe and his forces captured Quebec in September of 1779
  10. 10.  1763 the Treaty of Paris was signed  Ending the war  Britain took over most of New France  Spain was given French lands west of the Mississippi  Traditional lands of many Native Americans was now controlled by the British  British settlers were eager to move into this land…
  11. 11.  Native Americans were upset about their defeat and resisted the new British settlers  A leader emerged named, Pontiac  Called on warriors to revolt  He declared, “British only seek to destroy us.”  Attacks being by Native Americans in the Ohio River Valley and Great Lakes region  This was known as Pontiac’s Rebellion  Pontiac and the natives won many battles but eventually the rebellion was put out by the British  This caused the British to rethink and they did not want to continue battling the Native Americans  Proclamation of 1763 issued by Britain’s King George III  Stated that British colonists were no longer allowed to settle land west of the Appalachian Mountains.  Many colonists did not agree and tension began to grow between the crown and the colonists
  12. 12.  What led to the conflicts between the British and the Native Americans?  Where and why did the French and Indian war begin?  What were the outcomes of the French and Indian War?  Look at this map and locate the following:  Fort Necessity  Ohio River Valley  Fort Duquesne  Quebec
  13. 13.  The French and Indian War (1754-1763) (Kidport)  French-Indian War-Road to the Revolution Men (Links)  French and Indian War *Cybersleuth  - Your Guide to the History of the French and Indian War  The French and Indian War Part 1: The Colonies in America  The French & Indian War (American History) - FREE Presentations in PowerPoint format, Free Interactives and Games  French and Indian War -- Kids Encyclopedia | Online Encyclopedia | Kids Online Dictionary | Britannica  The French and Indian War Timeline  French and Indian War Interactive  Video: Fort Necsesity and the French and Indian War | Educational Video | WatchKnow  Skit: Who's the Man Game Show Who's the Man Skit (Game Show Script)  Who's the Man? PowerPoint (for review or for the script)  Skit: What's Up with the French and Indian War?
  14. 14.  Game Show time 1. Choose an occupation from colonial time 2. Research at least five facts that can be used as clues about the occupation. Write them on an index card. 1. We as a class will try and guess your occupation from your five clues so make them GOOD!
  15. 15. 1. Write a poem; about what it would be like to see the Mississippi River or another impressive natural feature for the first time. 2. Write an interview; choose one of the people we have discussed and complete a fictional interview with them. 3. Write a newspaper article; choose a battle, war, person to feature in your article 4. Make a shield; choose a side and represent your country with symbols that reflect that country 5. Make a poster; informing someone about the French and Indian War