Ch 8, sec 2

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Ch 8, sec 2

  1. 1. Ch 8, Sec 2: How the Federal Government Works Main Idea: The United States government is divided into three branches with separate roles and responsibilities.
  2. 2. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>Set up by the first and longest article of the Constitution. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>Powers of Congress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress has the lawmaking power, or the power to make bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bills can start in both houses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Once they are passed by both houses, they go to the president , who signs them. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriation bills must start in the House </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Congress also has the power to: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collect taxes, borrow money, coin money, make post offices, fix weights and measures, and declare war </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>The Elastic Clause: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Article I, section 8 states that Congress can </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Make all laws that are proper and necessary” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is call the elastic clause because </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It stretches the power of Congress </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>Committees: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today more than 10,000 bills are introduced in Congress a year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The purpose of Committees is to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debate and discuss bills </li></ul></ul></ul>

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