SlideShare a Scribd company logo

DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 04. WEIMAR TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923

Weimar had faced a series of problems between 1919 and 1923 (hyperinflation, Munich Putsch, Kapp Putsch) but despite the odds had managed to survive.

1 of 25
Download to read offline
DEPTH STUDY
WEIMAR REPUBLIC
WEIMAR REPUBLIC
YEARS OF TURMOIL
1919-1923
04
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
THE REPUBLIC
The new republic faced a host of problems:
• Over two and half million Germans had died
in the war and four million were wounded.
• The army and many other Nationalist groups
in German society were unhappy that the
Kaiser had been forced to abdicate. Some of
these owed a very shaky allegiance to the
new republic.
• Many were completely hostile and viewed
the government with contempt.
• Economic problems were serious, including rising prices,
unemployment and a continued Allied blockade.
• Germany faced the prospect of a harsh treaty that was being
negotiated in Paris.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
POSITIVES OF THE CONSTITUTION
- Germany was a genuine democracy.
- Elections for parliament and president took place every four
years and all Germans over the age of 20 were able to vote.
- The power of the Reichstag was clear. The parliament was
very different from its powers before the war under the
Kaiser.
- The Bill of Rights guaranteed every German citizen freedom
of speech and religion, and equality under the law.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
NEGATIVES OF THE CONSTITUTION
- Proportional representation system was one of the weaknesses
of the Constitution. Each party got the same percentage of seats
in parliament as the percentage of votes it received in an
election.
- This meant there were lots of small parties in Parliament
making it difficult to pass laws and led to weak and short-lived
governments.
- Article 48 gave the president the power to act without
parliament’s approval in an emergency. It did not define what
an “emergency” was, so the power was overused, which
weakened Germans’ confidence in democracy.
- This type of government created serious problems for Germany.
- It relied on small parties working together – something which
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
THE SPARTACIST REVOLT
• Even before the constitution had been
drawn up there was a serious challenge
from the left.
• Many hoped to see a Russian-style
revolution in Germany.
• The left-wing Spartacus movement led
by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
began a revolt in Berlin in January 1919.
• They seized building throughout the
city.
• The government fled the city.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
THE AIMS OF THE SPARTACISTS
• The Spartacists were communists.
• They wanted power and wealth to be shared equally among
the population.
• They wanted to achieve this by:
• overthrowing the central government
• establishing soviets (workers’ and soldiers’ councils) in
German towns and cities to replace central government
• using violent methods

Recommended

DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 07. STRESEMMAN ERA 1924-1929
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 07. STRESEMMAN ERA 1924-1929DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 07. STRESEMMAN ERA 1924-1929
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 07. STRESEMMAN ERA 1924-1929George Dumitrache
 
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE ROOTS OF THE NAZI PARTY
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE ROOTS OF THE NAZI PARTYIGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE ROOTS OF THE NAZI PARTY
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE ROOTS OF THE NAZI PARTYGeorge Dumitrache
 
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptx
05. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Great Depression and LON.pptxGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 01. THE EFFECT OF WW1 ON GERMANY
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 01. THE EFFECT OF WW1 ON GERMANYDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 01. THE EFFECT OF WW1 ON GERMANY
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 01. THE EFFECT OF WW1 ON GERMANYGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES ON THE R...
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES ON THE R...DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES ON THE R...
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES ON THE R...George Dumitrache
 
THE ROAD TO WAR 1939 - LONG-TERM CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE TREATIES
THE ROAD TO WAR 1939 - LONG-TERM CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE TREATIESTHE ROAD TO WAR 1939 - LONG-TERM CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE TREATIES
THE ROAD TO WAR 1939 - LONG-TERM CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE TREATIESGeorge Dumitrache
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...George Dumitrache
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...George Dumitrache
 

More Related Content

What's hot

HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...George Dumitrache
 
03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTX
03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTX03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTX
03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTXGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...George Dumitrache
 
LEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSION
LEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSIONLEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSION
LEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSIONGeorge Dumitrache
 
HISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY
HISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANYHISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY
HISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANYGeorge Dumitrache
 
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLICIGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLICGeorge Dumitrache
 
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROL
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROLIGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROL
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROLGeorge Dumitrache
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...George Dumitrache
 
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...George Dumitrache
 
01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEAT
01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEAT01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEAT
01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEATGeorge Dumitrache
 
To what extent was the league of nation a success?
To what extent was the league of nation a success?To what extent was the league of nation a success?
To what extent was the league of nation a success?Wan Farida Hamimi
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACTCAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACTGeorge Dumitrache
 
How effectively did the USA contain the spread of communism
How effectively did the USA contain the spread of communismHow effectively did the USA contain the spread of communism
How effectively did the USA contain the spread of communismWan Farida Hamimi
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933George Dumitrache
 
Hitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of power
Hitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of powerHitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of power
Hitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of powermrmarr
 
Why had international peace collapsed by 1939
Why had international peace collapsed by 1939Why had international peace collapsed by 1939
Why had international peace collapsed by 1939Wan Farida Hamimi
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...George Dumitrache
 
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLES
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLESCAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLES
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLESGeorge Dumitrache
 

What's hot (20)

HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - THE ROAD TO WW2: WHY WORLD WAR ...
 
03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTX
03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTX03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTX
03. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Weaknesses LON.PPTX
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 03. THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES IMPACT ON...
 
LEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSION
LEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSIONLEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSION
LEAGUE OF NATIONS: EFFECTS OF GREAT DEPRESSION
 
HISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY
HISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANYHISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY
HISTORY IGCSE REVISION - MODEL PAPER 1 - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY
 
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLICIGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
 
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROL
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROLIGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROL
IGCSE REVISION - GERMANY: NAZI METHODS OF CONTROL
 
Rise of the nazis
Rise of the nazisRise of the nazis
Rise of the nazis
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - FAIRNESS OF THE TREATIES 1919-1...
 
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 3 - WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY...
 
01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEAT
01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEAT01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEAT
01. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: EMERGING FROM THE DEFEAT
 
To what extent was the league of nation a success?
To what extent was the league of nation a success?To what extent was the league of nation a success?
To what extent was the league of nation a success?
 
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACTCAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
CAMBRIDGE A2 HISTORY: HITLER'S ECONOMIC CHANGES AND SOCIAL IMPACT
 
How effectively did the USA contain the spread of communism
How effectively did the USA contain the spread of communismHow effectively did the USA contain the spread of communism
How effectively did the USA contain the spread of communism
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR BY 1933
 
Hitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of power
Hitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of powerHitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of power
Hitler and Nazi Germany - nazi consolidation of power
 
Why had international peace collapsed by 1939
Why had international peace collapsed by 1939Why had international peace collapsed by 1939
Why had international peace collapsed by 1939
 
The Nazi Soviet Pact.
The Nazi Soviet Pact.The Nazi Soviet Pact.
The Nazi Soviet Pact.
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: THE NAZI R...
 
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLES
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLESCAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLES
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY REVISION 1 - TREATY OF VERSAILLES
 

Similar to DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 04. WEIMAR TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923

03. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923
03. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-192303. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923
03. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923George Dumitrache
 
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTIONCAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTIONGeorge Dumitrache
 
Gcse history exam final revision
Gcse history exam final revisionGcse history exam final revision
Gcse history exam final revisionmrstanning
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'S
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'SDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'S
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'SGeorge Dumitrache
 
Nazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha Grover
Nazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha GroverNazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha Grover
Nazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha GroverHarsha Grover
 
nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY
 nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY
nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORYvanshika rana
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...George Dumitrache
 
His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1
His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1
His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1dcyw1112
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918George Dumitrache
 
Weimar republic ivan
Weimar republic ivanWeimar republic ivan
Weimar republic ivanJennifer hc
 
The Rise of the Nazi Party
The Rise of the Nazi PartyThe Rise of the Nazi Party
The Rise of the Nazi Partymmcminn
 
How far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docx
How far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docxHow far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docx
How far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docxPhillipsFaloyeKuti1
 
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docx
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docxA BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docx
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docxblondellchancy
 
Between the wars
Between the warsBetween the wars
Between the warsHals
 

Similar to DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 04. WEIMAR TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923 (20)

03. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923
03. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-192303. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923
03. GERMANY - DEPTH STUDY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC, TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923
 
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTIONCAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR CONSTITUTION
 
Germany 1919 1945 revision facts book
Germany 1919 1945 revision facts bookGermany 1919 1945 revision facts book
Germany 1919 1945 revision facts book
 
Gcse history exam final revision
Gcse history exam final revisionGcse history exam final revision
Gcse history exam final revision
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'S
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'SDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'S
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WHAT WAS THE NAZI PARTY STOOD FOR IN THE 1920'S
 
Nazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha Grover
Nazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha GroverNazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha Grover
Nazism and rise of Hitler class 9th CBSE By Harsha Grover
 
nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY
 nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY
nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY
 
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...
HISTORY IGCSE CONTENT - 20TH CENTURY OPTION - DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: HITLER DOM...
 
His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1
His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1
His 102 chapter 25 26 a the second world war part 1
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 02. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION 1918
 
Weimar republic ivan
Weimar republic ivanWeimar republic ivan
Weimar republic ivan
 
Hunting hitler
Hunting hitler Hunting hitler
Hunting hitler
 
The Rise of the Nazi Party
The Rise of the Nazi PartyThe Rise of the Nazi Party
The Rise of the Nazi Party
 
How far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docx
How far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docxHow far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docx
How far did the Weimar Republic recover 1919 29.docx
 
Weimar ppt
Weimar pptWeimar ppt
Weimar ppt
 
German depth study IGCSE
German depth study IGCSEGerman depth study IGCSE
German depth study IGCSE
 
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docx
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docxA BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docx
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLICFROM Peter Gay, Weimar .docx
 
Between the wars
Between the warsBetween the wars
Between the wars
 
The interwar period 1918 1939
The interwar period 1918 1939The interwar period 1918 1939
The interwar period 1918 1939
 
Hitler rise to power
Hitler rise to powerHitler rise to power
Hitler rise to power
 

More from George Dumitrache

07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCES
07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCES07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCES
07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCESGeorge Dumitrache
 
05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTX
05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTX05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTX
05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTXGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933George Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESSDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESSGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920George Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISM
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISMDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISM
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISMGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933George Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONSDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONSGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESSDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESSGeorge Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923George Dumitrache
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATION
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATIONDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATION
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATIONGeorge Dumitrache
 
08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptx
08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptx08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptx
08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptxGeorge Dumitrache
 
07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptx
07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptx07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptx
07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptxGeorge Dumitrache
 
06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptx
06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptx06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptx
06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptxGeorge Dumitrache
 
04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptx
04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptx04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptx
04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptxGeorge Dumitrache
 
02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTX
02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTX02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTX
02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTXGeorge Dumitrache
 
01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTX
01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTX01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTX
01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTXGeorge Dumitrache
 
06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTX
06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTX06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTX
06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTXGeorge Dumitrache
 
05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTX
05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTX05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTX
05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTXGeorge Dumitrache
 
04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet control
04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet control04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet control
04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet controlGeorge Dumitrache
 

More from George Dumitrache (20)

07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCES
07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCES07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCES
07. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - REICHSTAG FIRE SOURCES
 
05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTX
05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTX05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTX
05. DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - HITLER CONSOLIDATING POWER 1933-34.PPTX
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 04. HITLER BECOMING CHANCELLOR 1933
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESSDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 03. NAZI'S LITTLE SUCCESS
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISM
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISMDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISM
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 01. FASCISM
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 10. THE FALL OF WEIMAR 1930-1933
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONSDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 09. TABLES AND CARTOONS
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESSDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESS
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 08. NAZIS IN THE WILDERNESS
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 06. THE BEER HALL PUTSCH 1923
 
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATION
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATIONDEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATION
DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 05. HYPERINFLATION
 
08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptx
08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptx08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptx
08. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Questions and Answers.pptx
 
07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptx
07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptx07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptx
07. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Abyssinian Crisis.pptx
 
06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptx
06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptx06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptx
06. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Manchurian Crisis.pptx
 
04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptx
04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptx04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptx
04. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Social Work LON.pptx
 
02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTX
02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTX02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTX
02. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Successes LON.PPTX
 
01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTX
01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTX01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTX
01. LEAGUE OF NATIONS - Organisation LON.PPTX
 
06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTX
06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTX06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTX
06. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: De-Stalinisation and the Warsaw Pact.PPTX
 
05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTX
05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTX05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTX
05. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: The Rise of Khrushchev.PPTX
 
04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet control
04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet control04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet control
04. SOVIET CONTROL OF EASTERN EUROPE: Ordinary people and the Soviet control
 

Recently uploaded

Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsDr.M.Geethavani
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMargie Morgan
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfMohonDas
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Aggregage
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Association for Project Management
 
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...Association for Project Management
 
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...EduSkills OECD
 
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfGoogle Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfTechSoup
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdfDr.Florence Dayana
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsCorinne Weisgerber
 
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptxBBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptxProf. Kanchan Kumari
 
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdfAynouraHamidova
 
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)CaraSkikne1
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Katherine Villaluna
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxAizaPolinarCruz
 
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...i3 Health
 
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdfDiploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
 
Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
 
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
 
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
 
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfGoogle Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
 
CLUBE PERLINGUAS .
CLUBE PERLINGUAS                        .CLUBE PERLINGUAS                        .
CLUBE PERLINGUAS .
 
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptxBBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
BBA 603 FUNDAMENTAL OF E- COMMERCE UNIT 1.pptx
 
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
2.22.24 Black Nationalism and the Nation of Islam.pptx
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 9-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
 
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
 
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
 
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdfDiploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
Diploma 2nd yr PHARMACOLOGY chapter 5 part 1.pdf
 

DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: WEIMAR REPUBLIC - 04. WEIMAR TURMOIL YEARS 1919-1923

  • 1. DEPTH STUDY WEIMAR REPUBLIC WEIMAR REPUBLIC YEARS OF TURMOIL 1919-1923 04
  • 2. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE REPUBLIC The new republic faced a host of problems: • Over two and half million Germans had died in the war and four million were wounded. • The army and many other Nationalist groups in German society were unhappy that the Kaiser had been forced to abdicate. Some of these owed a very shaky allegiance to the new republic. • Many were completely hostile and viewed the government with contempt. • Economic problems were serious, including rising prices, unemployment and a continued Allied blockade. • Germany faced the prospect of a harsh treaty that was being negotiated in Paris.
  • 3. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY POSITIVES OF THE CONSTITUTION - Germany was a genuine democracy. - Elections for parliament and president took place every four years and all Germans over the age of 20 were able to vote. - The power of the Reichstag was clear. The parliament was very different from its powers before the war under the Kaiser. - The Bill of Rights guaranteed every German citizen freedom of speech and religion, and equality under the law.
  • 4. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY NEGATIVES OF THE CONSTITUTION - Proportional representation system was one of the weaknesses of the Constitution. Each party got the same percentage of seats in parliament as the percentage of votes it received in an election. - This meant there were lots of small parties in Parliament making it difficult to pass laws and led to weak and short-lived governments. - Article 48 gave the president the power to act without parliament’s approval in an emergency. It did not define what an “emergency” was, so the power was overused, which weakened Germans’ confidence in democracy. - This type of government created serious problems for Germany. - It relied on small parties working together – something which
  • 5. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE SPARTACIST REVOLT • Even before the constitution had been drawn up there was a serious challenge from the left. • Many hoped to see a Russian-style revolution in Germany. • The left-wing Spartacus movement led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg began a revolt in Berlin in January 1919. • They seized building throughout the city. • The government fled the city.
  • 6. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE AIMS OF THE SPARTACISTS • The Spartacists were communists. • They wanted power and wealth to be shared equally among the population. • They wanted to achieve this by: • overthrowing the central government • establishing soviets (workers’ and soldiers’ councils) in German towns and cities to replace central government • using violent methods
  • 7. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE REVOLT • In January 1919, 50,000 workers went on strike and protested in the centre of Berlin. • This demonstration was taken over by the Spartacist leadership. • Newspaper and communication buildings were seized, and the demonstrators armed themselves. • The government, which had moved to Weimar to avoid the violence, employed the Freikorps to put down the rising. • The Freikorps were ex-army soldiers who hated the Communists. Over 100 workers were killed during what became known as ‘Bloody Week’.
  • 8. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE DANGER OF THE “RED PLAGUE” • Many feared the “red plague” and the defence minister Gustav Noske used the army and the Freikorps to crush the revolt. • The Freikorps was a volunteer militia made up of ex army men set up to defend the borders of Germany. • It was strongly anti-communist and took brutal steps to restore order with summary executions becoming common place. • Liebknecht and Luxemburg were shot, and the revolt was crushed. • In Bavaria another Communist revolt was defeated with Freikorps help in May.
  • 9. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
  • 10. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE NEW CONSTITUTION • Despite the Spartacist revolt, the majority of Germans voted for parties in January 1919 that favoured the new democratic republic. • These parties were the SPD, the liberal DDP and the Catholic Centre party. The constituent assembly met at Weimar in February 1919 and Ebert was chosen as president. • The new constitution was very democratic. • Germany was to be a Federal state with the states or Lander retaining considerable control over their own affairs. • The parliament (Reichstag) was to be elected every four years with a system of proportional representation that meant it was impossible for one party to get an overall majority.
  • 11. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE REICHSTAG • The Reichstag dealt with issues such as tax, trade, defence and foreign affairs. • As there were a large number of political parties, there were many coalition governments. • FACT!!! During the 14 years of the Weimar Republic, there were 20 separate coalitions. • The longest government lasted two years. • This political chaos caused many to lose faith in the new democratic system.
  • 12. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE HEAD OF STATE • The head of state was to be the president who was elected every seven years. • The president was the commander of the armed forces and was designed to a largely figurehead position. • He did have the power to dissolve the Reichstag and to nominate the Chancellor who was to enjoy the support of the Reichstag. • Crucially under Article 48, the president could declare a state of emergency and rule by decree. • He could also veto laws passed by the Reichstag that he did not like.
  • 13. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE PARTIES OF THE REPUBLIC • The SPD (Social Democrats) were a moderate socialist party and the largest of the parties committed to the Republic. • It was strongly anti-communist. • The Centre Party (Zentrum) was set up to defend Catholic interests in 1870. It drew support from all classes. • It was present in every Weimar coalition government until 1933. The BVP was its Bavarian ally.
  • 14. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE PARTIES OF THE REPUBLIC cont. • The DDP (German Democratic Party) was a middle-class Liberal party. It lost support rapidly after 1920. In 1919 it received 19% of the vote. By 1932 this was down to 1%. • The DVP (German People’s Party) had reservations about the new Republic and at heart they were Monarchists. • They were supported by the middle-classes. • The outstanding political figure of the Weimar Republic, Gustav Stresemann, was the leader of this party. • Its highest point of support was in 1920 when it received 14% of the vote. • By 1932 this was down to 2%.
  • 15. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE OPPOSITION OF THE LEFT • The USPD (Independent Socialist Party) had broken from the SPD in 1917 because they did not support Germany’s continued participation in WWI. • It declined rapidly after 1920 with the rise of the Communist party. • The KPD (Communist Party) was formed from the Spartacus Union that had led a revolt against the Weimar government in January 1919. • It was very closely allied to Moscow, and it refused to co- operate, in any way, with the parties that supported Weimar. • They were hostile to the SPD. This refusal to support Democratic parties went as far as allying with the Nazis (sworn enemies) in Reichstag votes. This was in order to
  • 16. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE OPPOSITION OF THE RIGHT • The DNVP (German National People’s Party) was set up in 1918. • It was composed of supporters of the old Monarchy. It had strong rural support especially in Protestant areas. They were Hitler’s coalition partners when he came to power in 1933. • The NSDAP (National Socialist German Worker’s Party) was founded in Munich in 1919. At first it favoured the violent overthrow of the Weimar Republic. • But after the failed Putsch of 1923 it adopted a legal approach to achieving power. The onset of the Great Depression and the economic chaos of the 1930s greatly aided its rise. It came to national prominence in 1930 when it won 18% of the vote and by 1932 it was the largest party in
  • 17. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES • The news of the treaty came as a complete shock to the new government and to the German people. • All sections of German opinion denounced the treaty. • It was known as the Diktat as Germany had been forced to sign the treaty. On the day it was signed, Germany’s Protestant churches declared a day of national mourning. • Germans were outraged at the loss of her colonies and her territory and population to France, Belgium and Poland. • She also resented the limitations placed on the size of her army and navy, the ban on an air force and
  • 18. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES cont. • Germany felt that the principle of self- determination had been ignored in the case of the Germans of Austria and the Sudetenland. • Germany believed that the War Guilt Clause and the reparations payments were unjust. • One effect of the Treaty was an immediate lack of confidence in the politicians that had signed it. • This was reflected in the poor performance of the parties that supported the republic in the elections of 1920.
  • 19. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE KAPP PUTSCH • Right wing dissatisfaction with the new government was worsened when the government moved to disband Freikorps units. • A nationalist politician, Wolfgang Kapp led a revolt in Berlin backed by the Freikorps and the military commander of Berlin. • The regular army refused to crush the revolt and the government fled to Stuttgart. • Its call for a general strike was carried out by the trade unions in the city and the putsch collapsed. • At the same time a communist revolt was crushed in the Ruhr, the industrial heartland of Germany, with over a thousand dead.
  • 20. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE KAPP PUTSCH cont. • Right wing assassinations were to plague the early years of the new republic with leading politicians such as Matthias Erzberger and Walther Rathenau assassinated. • Many of the murderers were treated with great leniency by the courts but the murders did have the effect of strengthening support for the institutions of the republic.
  • 21. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY GERMAN’S DEFAULT • In 1921 the Allied Reparations Commission presented the government with a bill for reparations of £6.6 Billion. • The Germans could not pay the amount owed and over the Christmas and New Year, 1922-3, they defaulted on their payments. • In November 1922 Germany defaulted on its reparations’ payment as scheduled. The first reparations payment had taken all she could afford to pay. • The French believed Germany could make the repayment but were choosing not to, however the German government argued they could not afford to pay.
  • 22. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE FRENCH OCCUPATION OF THE RUHR • In response, France and Belgium sent troops into Germany’s main industrial area, the Ruhr Valley. • Their aim was to confiscate industrial goods as reparations payments as they didn’t believe Germany was unable to pay the second instalment. • They occupied coal mines, railways, steel works and factories – all things that were important to Germany’s economy. • 70,000 French and Belgian troops occupied the Ruhr. • They intended to use the produce of Germany’s industrial heartland as payment in kind for reparations.
  • 23. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY PASSIVE RESISTANCE • The German government ordered workers to follow a policy of ‘passive resistance’ – refusing to work or co-operate with the foreign troops and in return the government continued to pay their wages. • The French responded firmly – in the Krupp steel works, workers refusing to take orders were shot at. Other people were expelled from the Ruhr region altogether. • 132 workers were killed and approximately 150,000 expelled from the area.
  • 24. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE OCCUPATION • The economic effects of the occupation were catastrophic. • The loss of production in the Ruhr caused a fall in production elsewhere and unemployment rose from 2% to 23%. • Prices rose out of control as tax revenues collapsed and the government financed its activities through the printing of money. • By November prices were a billion times their pre-war levels.
  • 25. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY HYPERINFLATION • The rise in prices hit the middle classes and those on fixed income very hard. • Many who had saved money found that their saving were worthless.