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DEPTH STUDY
NAZI GERMANY
NAZI PARTY
IN 1920’s
02
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
BEGINNINGS
• TheGermanWorkersPartywastheforerunneroftheNaziParty.
• Itwasfirstfoundedin 1919asastronglynationalistandanti-Semitic.
• Thesecharacteristicswerethemain featuresduringthe1920’s.
• TheearlyobjectivesoftheNaziPartywereannouncedinFebruary1920.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
THE25-POINTNAZIPROGRAMME
• TheunionofallGermans
• ThedestructionoftheVersailles andSt.Germain treaties
• Lebensraum,additionalterritory
• German citizenshiptoGerman blood
• Nomoreimmigration
• Allcitizenswithequalrights andobligations
• Nationalisationof publicindustries
• Profit-sharing inheavyindustries
• Improved welfare for elderly
• Specialeducationtreatment forgifted students
• Encouragementofsport activitiesforthe young
• Formation ofastrong centralgovernment
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
GLOSSARY
• Nationalisation–involvesthestatetakingovera
privately-runfirm orindustrysothattheprofits
canbedirectedintothenationaltreasury.
Specifictocommunism too.
• Profit-sharing –normallytheprofitsofafirmor
companygototheownersorshareholders.With
profit-sharing, anysurplusisoftendivided
amongtheentireworkforce.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
HITLERASALEADER
• TheNazisbeganastheGermanWorkers’Party,ledbyAntonDrexler.
• In1919Hitlerjoinedtheparty.
• DrexlersoonrealisedthatHitlerhadagreatspeakingtalentandhedecided
tousehimtoboostthepoliticalideasoftheparty.
• The25PointProgrammewasannounced.
• ThepartywasrenamedtheNationalSocialistGermanWorkers’Party,or
Nazisforshort.
• In1921 HitlerremovedDrexlerasleader.
• Hewasenergetic,committedandaverygoodspeaker.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
NAZISCAPEGOATS
• Hitlerusedmanyscapegoatstostirthenationalistsentiment.
• Inhisvision,thefollowingweretoblameforGermany’sproblems:
- TheAllies
- TheVersaillesTreaty
- TheNovemberCriminals
- TheCommunists
- TheJews
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
THEMUNICHPUTSCH,NOVEMBER1923
• TheNazishopedtowinpowerthrough aviolent
overthrowoftheWeimarRepublic.
• MussolinihadcometopowerinItalyin1922 througha
demonstrationofforce.
• HitlerplannedtheMunich(BeerHall)Putschwhilethe
hyperinflationwasstillraging.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
THEMUNICHPUTSCH,NOVEMBER1923cont.
• TheMunichPutschwasahumiliatingdefeatfortheNazisandHitlerwastrialled
andimprisoned.
• Thepartywasbanned.
• TheeventgaveHitlerpublicityandnationalcoverageinthenewspapers.
• ThefailureoftheputschconvincedHitlerthathis tacticshadbeenwrong.
• Hedecidedtoachievepowerbyconstitutionalmeans,throughdemocratic
elections.
• Thatmeanstodevelopandexpandtheorganisationof theNaziParty,contesting
seatsatgeneralelectionsandbuildingupapowerbaseintheReichstag.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
HITLERATHISTRIAL
“Ialonebeartheresponsibility,butIamnotacriminalbecauseofthat…
Thereisnosuchthingashightreasonagainstthetraitorsof1918…
IfeelmyselfthebestofGermanswhowantedthebestfortheGermanpeople.”
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
MEINKAMPF
• Sentencedto5yearsimprisonment, Hitlerservedonly
9months inLandsbergCastle.
• Hemadeuseofhistimebywriting MeinKampf(My
Struggle),which isamixtureofautobiographyand
politicalbeliefs.
• ItemphasisedthesuperiorityoftheGerman(Aryan)
race,thedangersofcommunism, andGermany’s
destinyasthedominant stateinEurope.
• Thebookbecameabest-sellerandHitlersold5million
copies,givingHitleramuchneededincome.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
HITLER,WRITINGWHILEINPRISONIN1923
“WhenIresumeactivework,itwillbenecessarytopursueanewpolicy.Instead
ofworkingtoachievepowerbyarmedconspiracyweshallhavetotakeboldof
ournosesandentertheReichstagagainsttheCatholicandMarxistdeputies.If
out-votingthemtakeslongerthanout-shootingthem,atleasttheresultswillbe
guaranteedbytheirownconstitution.Anylawfulprocessisslow.Soonerorlater
weshallhaveamajorityandafterthatweshallhaveGermany.”
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
NAZIKEYSTONES
• NazipolicieschangedfewtimesduringtheWeimarRepublic.
• Twokeystonesprinciplesofnationalismandanti-Semitismremainedbutthe
otherprinciplesweresomehow changedtoachievepopularity.
• Propagandawasintensifiedthroughposters,pamphlets,slogans,promoting
importantissuesfortheiraudience.
• NEXTSLIDEVIDEO
DecadesafterthefalloftheThirdReich,itfeelsimpossibletounderstandhowAdolfHitler,
thetyrantwhoorchestratedoneofthelargestgenocidesinhumanhistory,couldeverhave
risentopowerinademocraticcountry.Sohowdidithappen,andcouldithappenagain?
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
NAZISANDPARTYMEMBERSHIP
• Itwasacaseoffindingpotentialsupportersanddevicesuitablepoliciesfor
them.
• Hitler’sprincipalconcernwastoachievepower,nomatterthepriceand
promise.
• Emphasiswasplacedonexpanding partymembership, which increasedfrom
3000toover100,000.
• Hitleralsowantedtoimprove theprofessionalismoftheapparatus(theparty
machinery).
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
NAZISANDPROPAGANDA
• Partyactivistsweretrainedinpublicspeaking.
• Propagandamethodswererefinedand
improved.
• By1929, theNaziPartywaswellpreparedto
takeadvantageofanychangeincircumstances
thatmight favourtheircause.
• TheWallStreetCrashandtheworlddepression
providedtheperfectopportunity.
CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
HITLER’SVIEWS
• NationalSocialism–loyaltytoGermany,racialpurity,equalityandstatecontrolof
theeconomy.
• Racism– theAryansweretheMasterRace.AllotherracesandespeciallytheJews
wereinferior.
• ArmedForce–Hitlerbelievedthatwarandstrugglewereanessentialpartofthe
developmentofahealthyAryanrace.
• LivingSpace(Lebensraum)–Germanyneededtoexpandasitspeoplewere
hemmedin. ThisexpansionwouldbemainlyattheexpenseofRussiaandPoland.
• TheFuhrer–Debateanddemocraticdiscussionproducedweakness.Strengthlay
intotalloyaltytotheleader(theFuhrer).

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DEPTH STUDY GERMANY: NAZI REGIME - 02. NAZI PARTY IDEOLOGY IN 1920

  • 1. DEPTH STUDY NAZI GERMANY NAZI PARTY IN 1920’s 02
  • 2. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
  • 3. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY BEGINNINGS • TheGermanWorkersPartywastheforerunneroftheNaziParty. • Itwasfirstfoundedin 1919asastronglynationalistandanti-Semitic. • Thesecharacteristicswerethemain featuresduringthe1920’s. • TheearlyobjectivesoftheNaziPartywereannouncedinFebruary1920.
  • 4. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THE25-POINTNAZIPROGRAMME • TheunionofallGermans • ThedestructionoftheVersailles andSt.Germain treaties • Lebensraum,additionalterritory • German citizenshiptoGerman blood • Nomoreimmigration • Allcitizenswithequalrights andobligations • Nationalisationof publicindustries • Profit-sharing inheavyindustries • Improved welfare for elderly • Specialeducationtreatment forgifted students • Encouragementofsport activitiesforthe young • Formation ofastrong centralgovernment
  • 5. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY GLOSSARY • Nationalisation–involvesthestatetakingovera privately-runfirm orindustrysothattheprofits canbedirectedintothenationaltreasury. Specifictocommunism too. • Profit-sharing –normallytheprofitsofafirmor companygototheownersorshareholders.With profit-sharing, anysurplusisoftendivided amongtheentireworkforce.
  • 6. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY HITLERASALEADER • TheNazisbeganastheGermanWorkers’Party,ledbyAntonDrexler. • In1919Hitlerjoinedtheparty. • DrexlersoonrealisedthatHitlerhadagreatspeakingtalentandhedecided tousehimtoboostthepoliticalideasoftheparty. • The25PointProgrammewasannounced. • ThepartywasrenamedtheNationalSocialistGermanWorkers’Party,or Nazisforshort. • In1921 HitlerremovedDrexlerasleader. • Hewasenergetic,committedandaverygoodspeaker.
  • 7. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY NAZISCAPEGOATS • Hitlerusedmanyscapegoatstostirthenationalistsentiment. • Inhisvision,thefollowingweretoblameforGermany’sproblems: - TheAllies - TheVersaillesTreaty - TheNovemberCriminals - TheCommunists - TheJews
  • 8. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THEMUNICHPUTSCH,NOVEMBER1923 • TheNazishopedtowinpowerthrough aviolent overthrowoftheWeimarRepublic. • MussolinihadcometopowerinItalyin1922 througha demonstrationofforce. • HitlerplannedtheMunich(BeerHall)Putschwhilethe hyperinflationwasstillraging.
  • 9. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
  • 10. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
  • 11. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY THEMUNICHPUTSCH,NOVEMBER1923cont. • TheMunichPutschwasahumiliatingdefeatfortheNazisandHitlerwastrialled andimprisoned. • Thepartywasbanned. • TheeventgaveHitlerpublicityandnationalcoverageinthenewspapers. • ThefailureoftheputschconvincedHitlerthathis tacticshadbeenwrong. • Hedecidedtoachievepowerbyconstitutionalmeans,throughdemocratic elections. • Thatmeanstodevelopandexpandtheorganisationof theNaziParty,contesting seatsatgeneralelectionsandbuildingupapowerbaseintheReichstag.
  • 12. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY HITLERATHISTRIAL “Ialonebeartheresponsibility,butIamnotacriminalbecauseofthat… Thereisnosuchthingashightreasonagainstthetraitorsof1918… IfeelmyselfthebestofGermanswhowantedthebestfortheGermanpeople.”
  • 13. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
  • 14. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY MEINKAMPF • Sentencedto5yearsimprisonment, Hitlerservedonly 9months inLandsbergCastle. • Hemadeuseofhistimebywriting MeinKampf(My Struggle),which isamixtureofautobiographyand politicalbeliefs. • ItemphasisedthesuperiorityoftheGerman(Aryan) race,thedangersofcommunism, andGermany’s destinyasthedominant stateinEurope. • Thebookbecameabest-sellerandHitlersold5million copies,givingHitleramuchneededincome.
  • 15. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY HITLER,WRITINGWHILEINPRISONIN1923 “WhenIresumeactivework,itwillbenecessarytopursueanewpolicy.Instead ofworkingtoachievepowerbyarmedconspiracyweshallhavetotakeboldof ournosesandentertheReichstagagainsttheCatholicandMarxistdeputies.If out-votingthemtakeslongerthanout-shootingthem,atleasttheresultswillbe guaranteedbytheirownconstitution.Anylawfulprocessisslow.Soonerorlater weshallhaveamajorityandafterthatweshallhaveGermany.”
  • 16. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY NAZIKEYSTONES • NazipolicieschangedfewtimesduringtheWeimarRepublic. • Twokeystonesprinciplesofnationalismandanti-Semitismremainedbutthe otherprinciplesweresomehow changedtoachievepopularity. • Propagandawasintensifiedthroughposters,pamphlets,slogans,promoting importantissuesfortheiraudience. • NEXTSLIDEVIDEO DecadesafterthefalloftheThirdReich,itfeelsimpossibletounderstandhowAdolfHitler, thetyrantwhoorchestratedoneofthelargestgenocidesinhumanhistory,couldeverhave risentopowerinademocraticcountry.Sohowdidithappen,andcouldithappenagain?
  • 17. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY
  • 18. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY NAZISANDPARTYMEMBERSHIP • Itwasacaseoffindingpotentialsupportersanddevicesuitablepoliciesfor them. • Hitler’sprincipalconcernwastoachievepower,nomatterthepriceand promise. • Emphasiswasplacedonexpanding partymembership, which increasedfrom 3000toover100,000. • Hitleralsowantedtoimprove theprofessionalismoftheapparatus(theparty machinery).
  • 19. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY NAZISANDPROPAGANDA • Partyactivistsweretrainedinpublicspeaking. • Propagandamethodswererefinedand improved. • By1929, theNaziPartywaswellpreparedto takeadvantageofanychangeincircumstances thatmight favourtheircause. • TheWallStreetCrashandtheworlddepression providedtheperfectopportunity.
  • 20. CAMBRIDGE IGCSE – DEPTH STUDY: GERMANY HITLER’SVIEWS • NationalSocialism–loyaltytoGermany,racialpurity,equalityandstatecontrolof theeconomy. • Racism– theAryansweretheMasterRace.AllotherracesandespeciallytheJews wereinferior. • ArmedForce–Hitlerbelievedthatwarandstrugglewereanessentialpartofthe developmentofahealthyAryanrace. • LivingSpace(Lebensraum)–Germanyneededtoexpandasitspeoplewere hemmedin. ThisexpansionwouldbemainlyattheexpenseofRussiaandPoland. • TheFuhrer–Debateanddemocraticdiscussionproducedweakness.Strengthlay intotalloyaltytotheleader(theFuhrer).