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Nazism & The Rise 
Of Adolf Hitler 
By: Vanshika Rana 
Class: IX B
LIBERALS RADICALS 
a. They wanted a nation which 
supported all religions. 
a. They wanted a government which 
was based o...
• CONSERVATIVES 
• Conservatives were opposed to radicals and liberals. 
After the French Revolution, they had opened thei...
• These political trends were signs of industrial changes. 
This phase of time saw unemployment and the new 
emerging citi...
• Opposed to the privileges the old aristocracy had by birth, 
firmly believed in the value of individual effort, labor an...
• Allies were namely: UK and France In 1941 they were 
joined by the USSR and USA. They fought against the 
Axis powers, n...
• The first world war was fought between by Germany alongside 
the Austrian empire against Allied powers (1914-1918) 
• Wi...
• This republic was not received buy the public because: 
1. It was to be accepted by the people after the defeat of 
Germ...
• The war had a devastating impact on the European 
continent both financially and psychologically. 
• From creditors they...
• Soviets of workers and sailors were established in many 
cities of Germany and was called the Spartacist league. 
• The ...
• In 1923 Germany refused to pay reparations thus, French 
occupied Ruhr to claim their coal. 
• Then came the HYPERINFALT...
• The years of depression were between 1929 to 1932. 
• Most of German industrial recovery was dependent on 
loans from US...
• Now, there was a great sum of unemployed that reached a 
very high 6 billion and the economically okay sections 
feared ...
• Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in 1889,he spent his youth in 
poverty. 
• After rendering honest service to the German...
• Hitler was a powerful speaker, his words had passion. 
• He promised to build a strong nation, employment to 
all, and t...
• On January 30, 1933, President Hindenburg offered 
chancellorship to Hitler. 
• Firstly, they rallied out the conservati...
• On March 3, 1933, the famous enabling act was passed 
that introduced Germany to DICTATORSHIP. 
• Special and more stric...
• Hitler assigned the responsibility of economic welfare to Hjalmar 
Schacht who aimed: 1. full production 
2. full employ...
• In 1939, Germany, invaded Poland giving a rise to war 
with France and England. 
• Germany, Italy and Japan signed a tri...
• The Nazis got inspiration from thinkers like Charles Darwin and 
Herbert Spencer like Darwin’s : creation of plants base...
• Now Hitler killed the undesirables also within the 
ARYAN GERMANS, this programmme was called 
Euthanasia . 
• The Jews ...
• The undesirable children (Jews) were evacuated from 
the schools. 
• The school books were re-written and descriptive ab...
• The girls in Nazi Germany were encouraged to be good 
mothers. 
• If they gave away particular number of children they 
...
• The Nazis introduced too many ways to hate Jews by 
making posters that showed how Jews were making the 
Aryans suffer. ...
 nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY
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nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY

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nazism and rise of adolf hitler CHAPTER FORM HISTORY

  1. 1. Nazism & The Rise Of Adolf Hitler By: Vanshika Rana Class: IX B
  2. 2. LIBERALS RADICALS a. They wanted a nation which supported all religions. a. They wanted a government which was based on the majority population of a country. b. Radicals consisted of such European nations. c. These liberals did not support any universal adult suffrage and perceived that only that only men with property could vote. THEY WERE NOT ‘DEMOCRATS.’ c. In contrast, the Radicals were discriminative about serving the big business men and allowed the women to vote. LIBERALS, RADICALS & CONSERVATIVES
  3. 3. • CONSERVATIVES • Conservatives were opposed to radicals and liberals. After the French Revolution, they had opened their minds. • The conservatives oppose the idea of change back in the eighteenth century. By the 19th century, they accepted that some change was inevitable • They were still the believers who believed that the past was to be respected and change was to be a gradual process. Conservatives
  4. 4. • These political trends were signs of industrial changes. This phase of time saw unemployment and the new emerging cities were not under proper control and faced sanitation problems • Many radicals and liberals were the owners and employers of property themselves. • They felt a need to encourage , that its benefits be achieved only when the workforce is healthy and educated Industrial Society & Social Change
  5. 5. • Opposed to the privileges the old aristocracy had by birth, firmly believed in the value of individual effort, labor and enterprise. • If the freedom of individuals was ensured, if the poor could labor, and those with capital could operate without restraint, they believed that societies would develop. • The nationalists, radicals & liberals wanted an end to the type of governments estd. In Europe in 1815. • In Italy, Germany & Russia, they became revolutionaries to overthrow the monarchs. • After 1815, Giuseppe Mazzini, an Italian nationalist, conspired with others to achieve this Italy. Contd. Industrial societies…..
  6. 6. • Allies were namely: UK and France In 1941 they were joined by the USSR and USA. They fought against the Axis powers, namely Germany, Italy & Japan. Allied powers and Axis powers
  7. 7. • The first world war was fought between by Germany alongside the Austrian empire against Allied powers (1914-1918) • With the entry of US along side the Allied powers made the Allied powers win over Germany in November 1918. • The defeat of Imperial Germany and the abdication of the emperor gave an opportunity to parliamentary parties to recast German polity. • A national Assembly met at Weimar republic and established a democratic constitution with a federal structure. Birth of the Weimar Republic
  8. 8. • This republic was not received buy the public because: 1. It was to be accepted by the people after the defeat of Germany. 2. The peace treaty at Versailles with The allies was harsh. • Germany was forced to pay a compensation of €6 billion. • The allied armies also occupied the resource rich Rhineland for much of 1920s. • Weimar Republic was held responsible for this disgrace. Weimar republic… contd.
  9. 9. • The war had a devastating impact on the European continent both financially and psychologically. • From creditors they became debtors. :’( • The infant Weimar republic paid the reparations. • The Weimar consisted of socialists, democrats, Catholics and were called the NOVEMBER CRIMINALS. • Now the soldiers were placed above civilians, aggressive war propaganda, support grew for conservative dictatorships!! !!The effects of the ‘WAR’!!
  10. 10. • Soviets of workers and sailors were established in many cities of Germany and was called the Spartacist league. • The populace of Weimar opposed to it. Thus, they met in Weimar and with the help of FREE COOPS (war veterans) crushed the uprising • Political radicalization was only heightened by the economic crisis of 1923. • The reparations were to be paid in gold that depleted the resources. Political Radicalism and Economic Crises
  11. 11. • In 1923 Germany refused to pay reparations thus, French occupied Ruhr to claim their coal. • Then came the HYPERINFALTION. • USA intervened and bailed Germany out of this situation by introducing Dawes Plan; which eased the reparation terms.
  12. 12. • The years of depression were between 1929 to 1932. • Most of German industrial recovery was dependent on loans from USA but in 1929 when the wall street exchange crashed this was to be stopped. • On a single day, 24 October , 13 million shares were sold. • From 1929 to 1930 the national income of USA fell by half. • The German economy was hit by a crisis. And by 1932 their industrial production fell by 40% of the 1929 level. The years of DEPRESSION
  13. 13. • Now, there was a great sum of unemployed that reached a very high 6 billion and the economically okay sections feared proletarianisation. • Politically too Weimar Republic was fragile and the reasons for that were: a. Proportional representation (this made achieving a majority by any one party a impossible task) b. ARTICLE 48, the president to propose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree. The years of DEPRESSION
  14. 14. • Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in 1889,he spent his youth in poverty. • After rendering honest service to the German army, in 1919 he joined National Socialist German Worker’s Party. • He subsequently took over the organization and this party was now called ‘Nazi Party’. • In 1923, Hitler planned to seize control of Bavaria, march to Berlin and capture power and he failed, was arrested, tried for treason. • It was during the Great Depression in the 1930s that Nazism became a mass movement. • Nazi propaganda stirred hope in people of a better future. • In 1928 the party got no more than 2.6% votes but by 1932, the party got 37% votes in the Reichstag. Hitler’s rise to power
  15. 15. • Hitler was a powerful speaker, his words had passion. • He promised to build a strong nation, employment to all, and to weed out foreign ‘conspiracies’. • He had his special ways of giving a speech and greeting public. LIKE: Hitler’s rise to power Hitler’s Nazi salute Nazi ‘SWASTIKA’ symbol
  16. 16. • On January 30, 1933, President Hindenburg offered chancellorship to Hitler. • Firstly, they rallied out the conservatives their cause . • Then, subsequently, a mysterious fire broke down in German parliament building, and this was said to be Hitler’s work. • With this fire decree the civil rights like freedom of speech etc. were also suspended. • He first took it upon his arch enemies the Communists and the Jews by sending them to the concentration camps Destruction of Democracy
  17. 17. • On March 3, 1933, the famous enabling act was passed that introduced Germany to DICTATORSHIP. • Special and more strict police forces were established in Germany: 1. gestapo (secret police) 2. SS (the protection squads) 3. Security squad (SD) Destruction of democracy
  18. 18. • Hitler assigned the responsibility of economic welfare to Hjalmar Schacht who aimed: 1. full production 2. full employment 3. state-funded work-creation programme • This project produced the very famous VOLKSWAGEN- the Reconstruction people’s car. • Hitler also made quick successes: a. Pulled out of the League of Nations in 1933 b. Occupied Rhineland in 1936 c. In 1938, he integrated Austria under Germany under the slogan ‘one man, one empire, one leader’ d. He even got Czechoslovakia under Germany with malpractices. • All this was done with unspoken support of England, who found the Versailles treaty too harsh.
  19. 19. • In 1939, Germany, invaded Poland giving a rise to war with France and England. • Germany, Italy and Japan signed a tripartite pact in 1940 • Hitler now, wanted to ensure food supplies for all Germans, thus he made a Historic Blunder by attacking Soviet Union. • This exposed the German western front to British aerial attacks and the eastern front to the powerful Soviet armies. • Meanwhile USA resisted war for long due to economic instability but it could not do that for long due to Japan’s bombing at US base at Pearl Harbor. Reconstruction contd.
  20. 20. • The Nazis got inspiration from thinkers like Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer like Darwin’s : creation of plants based on their natural evolution ; Spencer’s : survival of the fittest!. • But we must remember they never meant it to be related to humans and racist. • The Nazi argument was simple : the strongest race would survive! • Another aspect was lebensraum that was that more territories must be acquired to widen the scope of production of strongest race ARYAN GERMANS. • They moved eastwards to Poland. The NAZI Worldview
  21. 21. • Now Hitler killed the undesirables also within the ARYAN GERMANS, this programmme was called Euthanasia . • The Jews and Gypsies were widely persecuted. • The Germans hated the Jews having a pseudo-scientific thinking that Jews were the killers of Christ. • From 1933-1938 the Nazis terrorized, pauperized and segregated the Jews Establishment of the Racial State
  22. 22. • The undesirable children (Jews) were evacuated from the schools. • The school books were re-written and descriptive about hating Jews. • The ten year old boys had to enter jungvolk , the Nazi organization for the little boys. • Then from 14 years they were to be sent to Nazi youth organization. • At 18 they had to serve in the labor service. Youth in Nazi Germany
  23. 23. • The girls in Nazi Germany were encouraged to be good mothers. • If they gave away particular number of children they would get a reward. • But if they keep connections with a Jew and if the child is RACIALLY UNDESIARABLE then the mother is to have severe punishments. • It was then, a criminal offence!! The Nazi cult of Motherhood
  24. 24. • The Nazis introduced too many ways to hate Jews by making posters that showed how Jews were making the Aryans suffer. • They made movies showing the Jews to be villains in it. • They always pictured the Jews to be with long hanging beard always wearing a Kaftan. • They forced the opinion of them being undesirable all over the German empire. The Nazi propaganda

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