Malaria 5


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Malaria 5

  1. 2. <ul><li>Malaria is transmitted from human to human by mosquitoes </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Malaria is a infectious disease from the parasite plasmodium </li></ul><ul><li>The parasite grows in the human liver and spreads to the bloodstream </li></ul><ul><li>Disease is passed to another human host by mosquitoes carrying the parasite after biting an infected human </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Transmitted by human to human  mosquito bites human  human gets infected  passes to mosquito  mosquito bites another person  person gets infected </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Four species of the parasite plasmodium for malaria in humans: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malaria, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium falciparum. </li></ul>
  5. 8. Plasmodium malaria
  6. 9. Plasmodium Ovale
  7. 10. <ul><li>The first stage of plasmodium development in humans takes place in the liver. When the more mature plasmodium escapes from the liver and enters the bloodstream, it infects a red blood cell and multiplies, causing the red blood cell to burst open after about 2 to 3 days and to release a new crop of parasites (plasmodium). The cycle of invasion, multiplication, and red blood cell rupture may be repeated many times. </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Dizziness, fever, dry colds, shaking within 4 to 5 hours after bite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, abdominal and muscle pains. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Clean water sources frequently, fish are the enemy of mosquitoes </li></ul><ul><li>Remove/ eliminate standing water in puddles, pots, fountains etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize mosquito nets and mosquito sprays to prevent contraction and reduce concentration of mosquitoes. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Hydrate after feeling nauseous and dizzy </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep early to prevent further fevering </li></ul><ul><li>Medication for fever </li></ul><ul><li>Drink plenty electrolytes to build up strength in immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Build up on vitamin C and quinine water also to further enhance strength of immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Pills to prevent further diarrhea </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Expansion Diffusion can occur when a person has malaria and travels somewhere and another mosquito bites them. The mosquito adopts the infection and bites someone else giving another person the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation Diffusion is almost the same it’s just the person moves to another area (e.g. a different country), allowing a different species to bite the person and spreading the disease from a new origin. </li></ul><ul><li>Contagious Diffusion because it can be spread from the same mosquito (unlike dengue where the mosquito dies), so that one mosquito can infect several persons. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Malaria is a contagious infectious disease, that occurs often in Less Developed Countries (LEDCs) ex. Regions in Africa, Asia, South America and Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs mainly in hot and humid tropical areas near the equator </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly near swamps, lakes, and standing water where mosquitoes breed </li></ul>