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Ib geo skills overview


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The IB Geography syllabus specifies several skills that should be mastered during the course. The skills are not assessed explicitly in external exams but they are assessed implicitly via data response questions and the expectations of quality essays. The internal assessment based on geographic fieldwork and geography extended essays are the main ways that students have opportunity to demonstrate their geographic skills.

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Ib geo skills overview

  1. 1. IB Geo Skills Overview Identifying locations, maps, graphs, diagrams and photos
  2. 2. Describing Direction: Using compass points and or bearings to describe either the direction headed or the direction travelled from e.g. wind direction is given from source (direction travelled from)
  3. 3. Locating Places: Using Latitude and Longitude e.g. 41°24’12.2”N 2°10’26.5”E
  4. 4. Locating Places: Using Area References
  5. 5. Locating Places: Using Grid References
  6. 6. Isoline: Measured Values e.g. temperature
  7. 7. Isopleth: Calculated Values e.g. Density of H1N1 Deaths
  8. 8. Choropleth: Calculated values grouped to a predefined region e.g. state
  9. 9. Topological Map: Simplified to remove scale, distance and direction but general relationship between locations remains
  10. 10. Flow Map: Hybrid of Map and Flow Chart
  11. 11. Thematic Map: Shows Geographical Data by Theme
  12. 12. Topographic Map: Highly detailed and with accurate, quantitative representation of relief
  13. 13. Proportional Symbol Map: Use Size to Show Variation in Variable
  14. 14. Aerial Photos: Photos taken from air. Either vertical or oblique like this one
  15. 15. Ground Level Photograph
  16. 16. Satellite Image
  17. 17. Scatter Graph: Relationships between variables
  18. 18. Line Graph: Changes over time
  19. 19. Bar Graph: Comparisons between whole data sets
  20. 20. Compound Bar Graph: Comparable wholes with comparable sub criteria
  21. 21. Triangular Graph: Good for showing relationship between 3 variables that can be added up to 100%
  22. 22. Logarithmic Graphs: Each step on scale is to power of ten i.e. 10x increase e.g. Richter Scale
  23. 23. Bipolar Chart: Good for displaying two contradictory variables e.g. rural vs urban or cost vs benefit
  24. 24. Pie Chart: Shows the percentage breakdown of a whole in to sub variables
  25. 25. Population Pyramids: Best way to show population structure
  26. 26. Lorenz Curve: Great for showing distribution of a population e.g. GINI Coefficient for income distribution
  27. 27. Cross Section: Great for looking at anything from a side on view e.g. Topography of US
  28. 28. Rose Diagram: Great for showing anything with 360 degree variation e.g. wind direction for Manila as displayed on the rose below the stats
  29. 29. Development Diamond: Shows relationships between multiple development indicators