Church reforms and gothic architecture

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Church reforms and gothic architecture

  1. 1.  The Catholic Church continues to grow, undergoes reform, introduces new architecture and launches the Crusades against Muslims.
  2. 2.  Christianity continues to grow and the Church expands its power. During this time, some church officials start to marry, though the Church forbids it. Some church officials even start to sell religious positions! Kings got in on the act by appointing their own bishops and other officers. This was known as lay investiture and was very controversial. A medieval king Because of all these, many reforms investing a bishop come about to forbid such actions.
  3. 3.  Why do you think lay investiture was controversial? What type of problems do you see with lay investiture? Can you think of modern day examples or similar scenarios?
  4. 4.  Popes organize the Christian faith much like a kingdom - Christendom The Pope’s advisors make church laws – canon law – and travel throughout Europe. The Church even starts to collect taxes (tithes) from all believers.  These taxes went to care for the sick and help the poor.
  5. 5.  Also during this time, new church groups arose such as the Franciscan and Dominican orders. Much like monks, men known as Friars vowed poverty and devoted their lives to travel and spreading the message of God. Many were very well educated and became scholars. Women also joined the spiritual revival by joining convents and becoming nuns.
  6. 6.  This new age was shown in another way, as many towns in Europe built magnificent cathedrals. In the early 1100s, these huge churches used a new style of architecture called Gothic. This style of architecture is perhaps one of the greatest achievements during the Middle Ages. These buildings were tall, reaching toward heaven. They had walls covered with large windows of colorful stained glass, which let in beautiful light. They featured pointed archways and many sculptures.
  7. 7.  Gargoyles were usually carved sculptures on a Gothic cathedral. Some had the specific function to direct rainwater off the building while others were grotesque creatures with the purpose of warding off evil spirits.

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