Instructional Design Overview

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Instructional Design Overview

  1. 1. “Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.” John Dewey Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them, the teacher is the most important. Bill Gates Men have become the tools of their tools. Henry David Thoreau
  2. 2. Bell ringer – think, pair, share Pair up – in 2’s or 3’s EXPLORE -- Chat for 1 MINUTE What is instructional design and do we need it here? REPORT BACK Come up with 3 descriptive words about instructional design
  3. 3. Goals • What is instructional design? / How is it done? • How would this look at edX? • What are some relevant guiding theories in instructional design / education? • Application of theories!
  4. 4. instructional design educational history pedagogy technology engineering modern learning theories universal design for learning Data analytics Research informed, data-driven production constraints goals backwards design lesson planning assessment Learning visualization designing for better learning
  5. 5. MULTIPLE LENSES Teaching for Understanding, David Perkins, Howard Gardner 1991 Teaching for Understanding with Technology, Stone Wiske 2004
  6. 6. Where are we? Clayton Christensen, Disruptive Innovation Theory
  7. 7. Instructional Design relationships emerging technology contenthuman motivation engineeringpedagogy liberal arts SCIENCE school politics tech constraints
  8. 8. doug pietrzak learning analytics b o s t o n
  9. 9. Why do we need instructional design? • Modal shift • Competing interests • Learning from learning • Students at the center • Goals-aligned movement • Quality is the real frontier • Improve communication across partners
  10. 10. quality is the real frontier • holistic course design • student interactive modes / group learning • improved instructional technique, delivery • flipped classrooms • data-driven instruction • multiple learning paths
  11. 11. Understanding by design framework (first 3 of 7 tenets) 1. Learning is enhanced when teachers think purposefully about curricular planning. The UbD framework helps this process without offering a rigid process or prescriptive recipe. 2. The UbD framework helps focus curriculum and teaching on the development and deepening of student understanding and transfer of learning (i.e., the ability to effectively use content knowledge and skill). 3. Understanding is revealed when students autonomously make sense of and transfer their learning through authentic performance. Six facets of understanding—the capacity to explain, interpret, apply, shift perspective, empathize, and self-assess—can serve as indicators of understanding. Borrowed from Understanding by Design Framework, ASCD 2013
  12. 12. How it is done? design methodology IDEO, design methodology, 2013
  13. 13. Stage 1 • Begins as a conversation: modal change – Hopes, desires – Trade-offs • Who is your target audience? • What are the overarching goals of your course? What are the essential questions you and your students will ask? • At the end of your course, what will students have achieved Adapted from Understanding by Design Framework, ASCD 2013
  14. 14. Stage 2 • Design assessment methods for goals • How will this be measured? • Assessment types – Formal and informal – Formative, summative Adapted from Understanding by Design Framework, ASCD 2013
  15. 15. Stage 3 • Select pedagogical methods that will best suit these goals as well as content type • Plan activities and design based on these goals • Recognize technologies that can assist these goals Kindergarten Thinking, Mitch Resnick, MIT Media Lab
  16. 16. Edx/partners Engineering Services Marketinglegal University relations Where does this fit edX?
  17. 17. Complex systems theory
  18. 18. At UPS, the average driver makes about 120 deliveries per day, …To figure out how many different possible routes that driver could travel, just start multiplying: 120 * 119 * 118 * . . . * 3 * 2 * 1. The end result, Levis likes to say, far exceeds the age of the Earth in nanoseconds.
  19. 19. Education and Variability • Complex systems • This is the case in the universe. • Education itself is a variable term • There is no perfect course, or even perfect lesson.
  20. 20. • civic engagement • skills development • moral / ethical development • critical thinking • literacy “Education is a social process. Education is growth. Education is, not a preparation for life; education is life itself.” John Dewey why educate?
  21. 21. MULTIPLE DIRECTIONS Teaching for Understanding, David Perkins, Howard Gardner 1991 Teaching for Understanding with Technology, Stone Wiske 2004
  22. 22. we know about variability first-hand
  23. 23. Applications to edx!
  24. 24. CAST, Universal Design for Learning: Anne Meyer, David H. Rose, and David Gordon 2013
  25. 25. from disability to variability CAST, Universal Design for Learning: Anne Meyer, David H. Rose, and David Gordon 2013 Brain of learner with autism
  26. 26. Affective networks that monitor the internal and external environment to set priorities, to motivate, and to engage learning and behavior. Recognition networks that sense and perceive information in the environment and transform it into usable knowledge. Strategic networks that plan, organize, and initiate purposeful actions in the environment. CAST, Universal Design for Learning: Anne Meyer, David H. Rose, and David Gordon 2013
  27. 27. CAST, Universal Design for Learning: Anne Meyer, David H. Rose, and David Gordon 2013
  28. 28. Go right. • Video extracted to fit online, but available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kiePaAHK3jE
  29. 29. How does this apply to education? • to edx?
  30. 30. open design – multiple pathways Shigeru Miyamoto
  31. 31. QUESTIONS?

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