The audio lingual method

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The audio lingual method

  1. 1. BACKGROUND Before Second World War : 3 methods; Second World War: A.S.T.P 1.939: University of Michigan: 1st English Institute. Charles Fries (Director) British Oral Approach Different names at first; then becomes the Audio-lingual Method (Professor Brooks-1964)
  2. 2. Audiolingualism: The combination of Structural Linguistics theory, Contrastive Analysis; Aural-oral Procedures, and Behaviorist psychology.
  3. 3. Audiolingualism: Approaches Theory of languages: Structural Linguistics; Important tenet: SPEECH IS LANGUAGE Theory of Learning: Behaviorism: structure is important. Principles:1) Mechanical habit formation by repetition and memorization.2) Aural-oral training is needed.3) Analogy better than analysis.4) Meaning of the word learned in context, not in isolation.
  4. 4. Audiolingualism: DesignObjectives:Short-range objectivesLong-range objectivesSyllabus: Language Skills taught:1. Listening;2. Speaking;3. Reading;4. Writing.
  5. 5. Activity typesAccording to Brooks (1964): According to Larsen Freeman1. Repetition 1. Dialogue memorization2. Inflection 2. Backward buil-up (expansion)3. Replacement drill4. Restatement 3. Repetition5. Completion 4. Chain6. Transposition 5. Single-slot substitution7. Expansion 6. Multiple-slot substitution8. Contraction 7. Transformation9. Transformation 8. Question and answer10. Integration 9. Use of minimal pairs11. Rejoinder 10. Complete the dialogue12. Restoration 11. Grammar game
  6. 6. Roles and ProcedureLearners: Responding to stimuliTeacher: Central and ActiveInstructional material: tape-recorders; audiovisualequipment.Focus: immediate and accurate speech.
  7. 7. DeclineCriticism: Theoretical foundations unsound in terms of language and learning theories. No practical results. Theory of Transformational Grammar Noam Chomsky.
  8. 8. Bibliography:Approaches and methods in Language Teaching.J.C. Richards and T.S. Rodgers-Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. D.Larsen Freeman.Daniela GiorgisTamara Pisano

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