Chapter 18


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Chapter 18

  1. 1. Life and Works<br />of<br />Dr. Jose P. Rizal<br />
  2. 2. CHAPTER 18:<br />DISAPPOINTMENTS IN MADRID, <br />1890 - 91<br />
  3. 3. PREVIEW:<br />Early in August, 1890 – Rizal arrived in Madrid<br />He tried all legal means to seek justice for his family and the Calamba tenants, but to no avail.<br /><ul><li>He almost fought two duels – one with Antonio Luna and the other to Wenceslao E. Retana.
  4. 4. Leonor Rivera married a British Engineer (Henry Kipping)</li></li></ul><li>FAILURE TO GET JUSTICE FOR FAMILY<br />Rizal sought the help of the following:<br />Filipino Colony<br />Asociacion Hispano – Filipina<br />Liberal Spanish newspapers (La Justicia, El Globo, El Dia, La Republica, El resumen, etc).<br />M. H. Del Pilar – acted as his lawyer.<br />Dr. Dominador Gomez – secretary of Asociacion Hispano – Filipina.<br />Minister of Colonies (SeñorFabie)<br />Gen. ValerioWeyler – committed injustices against the Calamba folks. <br />
  5. 5. El Resumen– a Madrid Newspaper<br />“To cover the ears, open the purse an fold the arms.” <br />- SPANISH COLONIAL POLICY<br />
  6. 6. MORE TERRIBLE NEWS REACHED RIZAL IN MADRID <br />From Silvestre Ubaldo, he received a copy of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other Calamba tenants.<br />From Saturnina, he learned of the deportation of Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong, and Dandoy to Mindoro<br />His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa.<br />
  7. 7. Becerra and Maura – former members of the ministry who gave Rizal honeyed words of sympathy and nothing else.<br />Queen Regent Maria Cristina – urged to see by Blumentritt.<br />
  8. 8. RIZAL’S EULOGY TO PANGANIBAN<br />Jose Ma. Panganiban – his friend and his talented co-worker in the propaganda who died.<br />August 19, 1890 – date of the death of Jose Ma. Panganiban because of a lingering illness.<br />
  9. 9. ABORTED DUEL WITH ANTONIO LUNA <br />End of August, 1890 – Rizal attended a social reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid.<br />Luna was bitter because of his frustrated romance with Nellie Boustead<br />
  10. 10. RIZAL CHALLENGES RETANA TO DUEL<br />Wenceslao E. Retana<br />The bitter enemy of Rizal in pen.<br />Press agent of the friars in Spain.<br /> He attacked Filipinos including Rizal, in various newspaper in Madrid<br />La Epoca- an anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid<br />He insulted Rizal’s family<br />Biography of the greatest Filipino hero, whose talents he came to recognize and whose martyrdom he glorified.<br />
  11. 11. INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA<br />TeatroApolo – Rizal attended a play together with his friends<br />December, 1890 – Rizal received a letter from Leonor, announcing her coming married with an Englishman (Henry Kipping)<br />February 15, 1891 – Blumentritt replied to the letter of Rizal and comforted him when he confide to him about his agony and broken heart.<br />
  12. 12. RIZAL – DEL PILAR RIVALRY <br />1890 - there arise an unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and del Pilar for supremacy.<br />January 1, 1891 (New Year’s Day) – the Filipinos of Madrid met to reorganize the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina <br />Responsable - a new leader who would act as a spokesman of the Filipino cause in Europe<br />2/3 votes needed to be declared as Responsable<br />
  13. 13. RIZAL ABDICATES HIS LEADERSHIP<br />February 1891 – (1st week) election starts<br />Filipinos were divided into two rival camps:<br />Rizalistas or Rizal’s friends<br />Pilaristas or del Pilar’s friends<br />M. Ponce, A. Luna, T. Sandiko (Pilaristas) – changed their votes in favor of Rizal<br />19 people voted Rizal<br />
  14. 14. BACK TO BRUSSELS<br />February, 1891 – he left Madrid and proceeded to Biarritz, where he was a welcomed guest of the Boustead at their Villa Eliada.<br />Adelina Boustead – Rizal proposed for marriage<br />Valentin Ventura – Rizal’s friend and companion in Paris<br />April 4, 1891 – He wrote to Jose Ma. Basa, expressing his wish to live in Hongkong and practice medicine. <br />Middle of April 1891 – Rizal turned to Brussels for one reason, to finish his second novel.<br />Suzanne Jacoby – in loved with Rizal<br />Jose Alejandrino – his room-mate<br />
  15. 15. “Madrid is one of the pleasant cities of the world, it partakes at the same time of the spirit of the Europe and the Orient”<br />