The writing of the second novels, the. . . .
January 28, 1890
Rizal left Paris for Brussels, the capital of Belgium. Rizal
was accompanied by Jose Albert when he moved to Brussels.
They lived in a boarding house on 38 Rue Philippe
Champagne which was run by two Jacoby sisters.
Rizal worked day after day revising the finished manuscript
of El Filibusterismo and readied it for printing.
Rizal was busy writing his second novel "El
Filibusterismo". Aside from writing its chapters, he
wrote articles for La Solidaridad.
Days flew fast like arrows in Brussels. Rizal,
unmindful of Suzzanne Jacoby’s enticing affection
was busy correcting and polishing his second novel
October 1887 - He begun writing in Calamba.
Madrid & Biarritz
August 1890 – when Rizal arrived in Madrid.
1888 - He made some changes in the plot and
revised the chapter already written. He wrote more
chapters in Paris, Madrid & Biarritz.
Rizal was made a master Mason on
November 15, 1890 at Logia
Solidaridad 53 in Madrid, Orient of
France on October 14, 1891, and was
made as an honorary worshipful
Master of Nilad Lodge No. 144 in
1892. There he delivered a lecture
French Riviera - Rizal took a vacation in the
Resort City of Biarritz. Rizal was the guest of the
a daughter of Boustead Family.
Rizal courted Nelly, who in turn reciprocated
Rizal had a plans of marrying Nellie, but failed.
Nelly wanted Rizal to spouse Protestantism
before their marriage.
He tried all legal means to seek justice for his family
and the Calamba tenants, but to no avail.
March 29, 1891 – he finished the manuscripts in
Biarritz, after toiling on it three years.
Biarritz - where Rizal had finished the last chapter of
his novel El Filibusterismo.
March 30, 1891
Rizal proceeded to Paris by train
Rizal retired from the Propaganda Movement and
retired also from the La Solidaridad.
From Brussels Rizal moved to Ghent where
printing was cheaper.
September 18, 1891- El Filbustersmo the sequel
of Noli Me Tangere came of the press.
July 5, 1891 - Rizal left Brussels for Ghent a famous
university in Belgium.
PRIVATION ON GHENT
1. The cost of living was lower
2. The price of printing was much cheaper than in
3. To escape from enticing attraction of Petite Suzanne.
4. Owing to his limited funds, Rizal lived in a cheap
boarding house with Jose Alejandro as room mate.
5. They lived frugally in Ghent for three months - from
July to September 1891.
6. To economize further on their living expenses, they
prepared their own breakfast.
THE PRINTING OF EL FILIBUSTERISMO
Rizal searched for a printing shop that could give him
the lowest quotation for the publication of his novel.
At last he did find a publisher – F. MEYER VAN
LOO PRESS, No. 66 Viaanderen Street-who was
willing to print his book on installment basis.
He pawned his jewels in order to down payment and
early partial payments during the printing of his novel.
Rizal became desperate because his funds were
He received money from Basa and P200 from
Rodriguez Arias for the copies of Morga’s Sucesos
sold in manila but these funds were also used up.
After the publication of El Filibusterismo, Rizal
left Europe for Hongkong. He lived there from
November, 1891 to June 1892.
October 18, 1891
- Rizal boarded the streamer Melbourne in
Marseilles bound for Hong Kong.
Makamisa, Dapitan and other untitled novel
- During the voyage he began writing his
third novel in Tagalog.
November 20, 1891
- Rizal arrived in Hong Kong.
Rizal also practiced his ophthalmology in Hong Kong.
There he became a well-known medical practitioner.
SECOND HOMECOMING of
June, 1892 – Rizal's bold to return in Manila in was
his second coming.
3 reasons for going back to the Philippines
The Decoy, Trials & Grudges.
1. He wanted to talk to governor general Despusol about
his Borneo colonization project.
2. He would establish La Liga Filipina to unite the
Filipino people in the truest sense of unity and
solidarity against violence and deprivation.
3. He would like to prove Eduardo de lete that the
criticism published against him La Solidaridad had no
basis but only pure specualation
December 31, 1891 - He reiterated this belief in a
letter in Madrid". In going home to lead anew the
reform movement, he was like a biblical Daniel
bearding the Spain lion in its own den.
June 26, 1892 - Rizal and his widowed sister Lucia
arrived in Manila. In the afternoon, at 4:00 o'clock, he
went to Malacañang Palace to seek audience with the
Spanish Governor general, General Eulogio Despujol,
Conde de Caspe.
He was told to come back at that night at 7:00
o'clock. Promptly at 7:00pm, he returned to Malacañang
and was able to confer with Governor General Despujol
who agree to pardon his father but not the rest of his
family and told him to return on Wednesday (June 29).
After his brief interview with Governor General, he
visited his sister in the city - first Narcissa and Later
Founding the La Liga Filipina
July 3, 1892 - Rizal attented a meeting of the
patriots at the home of the Chinese-Filipino
mestizo, Doroteo Ongjunco, on Ylaya Street,
Tondo Manila. Among those present was
1. Pedro Serrano Laktaw (Panday Pira), a mason
and school teacher;
2. Domingo Franco (Felipe Leal), a mason and
3. Jose Ramos (Soccoro), engraver, printer, owner
of Bazar Grand Bretana, and first worshipful
Master of Nilad, first Filipino Masonic lodge;
4. Ambrosio Salvador, gobernadorcillo of Quiapo
5. Bonifacio Arevalo, dentists and Mason;
6. Deodato Arellano, brother in law o M.H del Pilar
and civilian employee in the army;
7. Ambrosio Flores (Musa) retired lieutenant of
8. Agustin dela Rosa, bookeeper and Mason, Moises
Salvador (Araw), contractor and Mason
Rizal arrested and Jailed in
July 6 - Rizal went to Malacañang Palace to resume his series
of interviews with the governor general. During this interview
Governor General Despujol suddenly showed him some
printed leaflets which were allegedly found in Lucia's pillow
These incriminatory leaflets were entitle Pobres Frailes
(Poor Friars) under the authorship of Fr. Jacinto and printed by
the Imprenta Delos Dominican Friars who amaze fabulous
riches contrary to their monastic vow of poverty. Rizal
vigorously denied having those leaflets in either his or Lucia's
baggage, which had been thoroughly searched upon their
arrival from Hong Kong by the custom authorities who found
July 7 – The Gaceta de Manila published the story of
Rizal’s arrest when produced indignant commotion
among the Filipino people.
July 7, 1892 - Arbitrary Deportation to Dapitan. The
same issue of the Gaceta contained Governor General
Despujol's decree deporting Rizal to "one of the islands
in the South". The gubernatorial decree gave the reason
for Rizal's deportation as follows:
The gubernatorial decree gave the reason for Rizal's
deportation as follows:
1. Rizal had published books and articles abroad which
showed disloyalty to Spain and which were “frankly
anti Catholic” and “imprudently anti-friar”.
2. A few hours after his arrival in Manila “there was
found in one of the packages a bundle of handbills
entitled Pobres Frailes n which the patient and
humble generosity of Filipinos.
3. His novel El Filibusterismo was dedicated to the
memory of three “traitors” (GOMBURZA).
4. The end which he pursues in his efforts and writing is
to tear from the loyal Filipino breasts the treasures of
our holy Catholic faith.
July 14 (that 12:30 am of July 15, 1892) – Rizal was
brought under heavy guard to the streamer Cebu was
sailing for Dapitan.
July 17, 1892 – July 31, 1896 – Rizal began his exile in