April 28,1888 – Streamer BELGIC, with Rizal on board, docked at San Francisco, Saturday morning. All passengers were not allowed to land Cholera epidemic After a week of quarantine, all first class-passengers ,including Rizal, were permitted to land.
Rizal’s Impression of America GOODThe material progress of the countryThe drive and energy of the AmericansThe natural beauty of the landThe high standard of livingThe opportunities for better life offered to poor immigrants.
BADLack of racial equalityThey do not have true civil liberty.“ America is the land par excellence of freedom but only for the whites.”
May 1888 to March 1889 – Rizal lived in London Reasons in choosing London To improve his knowledge of the English language To study and annotate Morga’s “Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas” London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish tyranny.
Won many friends of different nationalities on board Entertained the American and European passengers with his yo-yo as an offensive weapon. Rizal arrived at Liverpool, England, on May 24,1888.
BAD NEWS: Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the “ Anti- Friar Petition of 1888” Persecution of the Calamba Tenants Furious attacks on Rizal Manuel Hidalgo was exiled to Bohol Laureano Viado was arrested and jailed in Bilibid Prison
Good news cheered Rizal – Rev. Vicente Garcia’s defense of the Noli
Dec.24 – Rizal returned to LondonBlumentritt >>> bust of Emperor AugustusDr. Carlos Czepelak >>> bust of Julius CaesarMrs. Beckett <<< book “The Life and Adventures of Valentine Vox, the Ventriloquist”
Feb.15,1889 – Founded La SolidaridadGraciano Lopez Jaena
AIMS To work peacefully for political and social reforms. To portray the deplorable conditions of the Philippines To oppose the evil forces of reaction and medievalism Advocate liberal ideas and progress To champion the legitimate aspiration of the Filipino people to life, democracy and happiness.