Australia

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Info. about climate and landforms of Australia.

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Australia

  1. 1. Australia
  2. 2. Quick Facts <ul><li>The world’s smallest, flattest, and lowest continent </li></ul><ul><li>The only country that is also a continent </li></ul><ul><li>Called the Land Down Under because it lies south of the equator </li></ul><ul><li>Seasons are reversed from those north of the equator. Ex. – When it is winter here it is summer in Australia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Natural Features
  4. 4. Landform Regions <ul><li>3 main regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern Highlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Lowlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Plateau </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Eastern Highlands <ul><li>System of ridges, plateaus, and valleys in the eastern part of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Includes The Great Dividing Range </li></ul><ul><li>www.ecosystema.ru/08nature/world/48au-s/03.jpg </li></ul>www.ecosystema.ru/08nature/world/48au-s/03.jpg
  6. 6. Central Lowlands <ul><li>Flatter and newer than the Eastern Highlands </li></ul><ul><li>Include the Great Artesian Basin, Australia’s largest source of underground water </li></ul>
  7. 7. www.abc.net.au/reslib/200705/r147203_518814.jpg Great Artesian Basin
  8. 8. Western Plateau <ul><li>Western part of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Covers more than half the continent </li></ul><ul><li>Includes the outback, a vast area of plains and plateaus that is largely flat and dry (Not to mention one of my favorite restaurants!) </li></ul><ul><li>Also dotted with heavily eroded masses of rock that stand above the lowland. Ex. - Ayers Rock </li></ul>
  9. 9. Outback www.panoramio.com/photos/original/9693977.jpg
  10. 10. Outback www.abc.net.au/reslib/200710/r193532_732490.jpg
  11. 11. Ayers Rock www.thelifeofdavid.com/.../images/ayers.jpg
  12. 12. The Great Barrier Reef <ul><li>Located off the northeastern coast of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>The world’s largest coral reef. (Coral Reef – a structure formed by the skeletons of small sea animals) </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the reef is a national park </li></ul>
  13. 13. www.solcomhouse.com/.../GreatBarrierReef-EO.jpg
  14. 14. s3media.pleasetakemeto.com/photos/Qld/Whitsun
  15. 15. Climate <ul><li>Australia = mainly “desert with green edges” </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 of the country is desert & 1/3 of the country is dry steppe. These regions are located mainly in the interior or “middle” of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Only the northern, eastern, & southwestern coastal areas receive plenty of rainfall </li></ul>
  16. 16. Climate Con’t <ul><li>Other climate zones include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humid subtropical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine west coast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediterranean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical dry </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Desert www.adventure-tours-australia.com/simpson-des
  18. 18. Plants and Animals <ul><li>Endemic species – plants & animals that developed in one particular region of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Australia has many endemic species. Why? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Plants & Animals Con’t <ul><li>Australia has been separated from other continents for millions of years. As a result, some native plants and animals are not found anywhere else in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. – Kangaroos, koalas, & eucalyptus </li></ul>
  20. 20. www.anra.gov.au/.../photos/red_kangaroo.jpg
  21. 21. jpg - upload.wikimedia.org/.../2/21/Cutest_Koala.jpg
  22. 22. www.findmeplants.co.uk/photos/eucalyptus_perr...

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