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Ancient Mesopotamia & the Fertile Crescent
Fertile Crescent <ul><li>Strip of land that  curves  from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf and has  fertile  soil...
1 st  Settlers <ul><li>People first settled in this area around 4000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Farmed the fertile soil  left be...
City States <ul><li>City-State - city and area it governs </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerians – first inhabitants form city state ...
City-States <ul><li>City-states are first ruled by temple priests (Theocracy – government controlled by religious leaders)...
Sumerians <ul><li>Created one of the first calendars </li></ul><ul><li>1 st  people to use the wheel & plow </li></ul><ul>...
Sumerian Con’t <ul><li>Developed the 60 second minute, 60 minute hour, 24 hour day, & 12 month year that we still use </li...
Challenges <ul><li>Floods – damage crops & homes </li></ul><ul><li>Few natural barriers to prevent invasions </li></ul>
Hammurabi <ul><li>Conquered Mesopotamia around 1790 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Code of Hammurabi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of th...
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Ancient Mesopotamia & The Fertile Crescent

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Ancient Mesopotamia & The Fertile Crescent

  1. 1. Ancient Mesopotamia & the Fertile Crescent
  2. 2. Fertile Crescent <ul><li>Strip of land that curves from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf and has fertile soil </li></ul><ul><li>Located between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia – Greek for “land between rivers” </li></ul><ul><li>Covers area of Iraq, parts of Syria, Turkey </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1 st Settlers <ul><li>People first settled in this area around 4000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Farmed the fertile soil left behind by the yearly floods </li></ul><ul><li>To control flooding & get water to their fields they: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built walls, waterways, & ditches (irrigation) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. City States <ul><li>City-State - city and area it governs </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerians – first inhabitants form city state around 3000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Each city builds temple to a specific god (Polytheism-worship of many gods and goddesses) </li></ul>
  5. 5. City-States <ul><li>City-states are first ruled by temple priests (Theocracy – government controlled by religious leaders) </li></ul><ul><li>Military leaders eventually took power </li></ul><ul><li>These leaders eventually became known as Kings </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sumerians <ul><li>Created one of the first calendars </li></ul><ul><li>1 st people to use the wheel & plow </li></ul><ul><li>Developed cuneiform – one of the first systems of writing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sumerian Con’t <ul><li>Developed the 60 second minute, 60 minute hour, 24 hour day, & 12 month year that we still use </li></ul>
  8. 8. Challenges <ul><li>Floods – damage crops & homes </li></ul><ul><li>Few natural barriers to prevent invasions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hammurabi <ul><li>Conquered Mesopotamia around 1790 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Code of Hammurabi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the first written code of laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant to protect people and their property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth” </li></ul></ul>

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