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Geographic Features ofAustralia       Unit 10 Notes                       Bennet t
I. Australia’s Political              Features
Australia…Is divided into 2 territories and 6 states:  States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia,  Western Australia, Ne...
Tasmania Island off the southeast coast of the mainland Almost ½ is unspoiled land that is protected by the government
Tasmanian Devil?
VictoriaState closest to Tasmania  Southeast part of the mainlandCapital is Melbourne; it’s the mosturban state in Austral...
South Australia State in south-central Australia The Great Victoria Desert is located here…
Western Australia Largest state; makes up 1/3rd of the mainland Most of Western Australia is desert (Great Victoria Desert...
Gr eat Sandy Deser t
New South WalesNorth of Victoria, on the eastern coastHas more people than any otherAustralian state  The capital, Sydney,...
Sydney, New Sout hW es al
QueenslandSecond largest state; 7 times the size ofEngland! In the northeastern part of the mainlandGreat Barrier Reef is ...
Brisbane
Northern Territory Northern coast of the mainland, between Western Australia and Queensland Largest population of Aborigin...
Australian Capital Territory Located in New South Wales The national capital, Canberra, is located here
Canber r a ( Aust r al i a’ sCapi t al )
II. Australia’s Physical               Features
Australia…The world’s smallest and flattest continent…  Has Earth’s oldest and least fertile soils  Only Antarctica receiv...
Huge desert plains stretch across thecountry’s middle--central Australia’sclimate is hot and dryMilder climates along the ...
Great Barrier ReefWorld’s largest coral reef!Lies off the northeast coast ofQueensland--over 1,200 miles longContains an a...
Gr eat Bar r i er Reef f r omspace
Coral SeaAn important source of coral for the GreatBarrier Reef  Part of the Pacific Ocean  Off the northeast coast of Aus...
Ayers RockA huge, reddish rock in the center ofAustralia  Very close to the geographic center of the  continent…It’s a mon...
Ayers RockAborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its officialnameEuropean surveyor visited the rock in 1873and named it afte...
Great Victoria DesertStretches through the states of SouthAustralia and Western AustraliaReceives only 8 to 10 inches of r...
Great Victoria DesertFirst Europeans to cross the desertnamed it after British QueenVictoria in 1875160,000 miles long & i...
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
Features of australia ppt
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Features of australia ppt

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Review of the Australian Physical Features

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Features of australia ppt

  1. 1. Geographic Features ofAustralia Unit 10 Notes Bennet t
  2. 2. I. Australia’s Political Features
  3. 3. Australia…Is divided into 2 territories and 6 states: States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland Territories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory
  4. 4. Tasmania Island off the southeast coast of the mainland Almost ½ is unspoiled land that is protected by the government
  5. 5. Tasmanian Devil?
  6. 6. VictoriaState closest to Tasmania Southeast part of the mainlandCapital is Melbourne; it’s the mosturban state in AustraliaThe many rivers of the region are agood source of fresh water for farming
  7. 7. South Australia State in south-central Australia The Great Victoria Desert is located here…
  8. 8. Western Australia Largest state; makes up 1/3rd of the mainland Most of Western Australia is desert (Great Victoria Desert and Great Sandy Desert are located here)
  9. 9. Gr eat Sandy Deser t
  10. 10. New South WalesNorth of Victoria, on the eastern coastHas more people than any otherAustralian state The capital, Sydney, is the most populated city in Australia -- 3 1/2 million people live there!Australian Capital Territory is locatedhere
  11. 11. Sydney, New Sout hW es al
  12. 12. QueenslandSecond largest state; 7 times the size ofEngland! In the northeastern part of the mainlandGreat Barrier Reef is located off the coast inthe Coral SeaMore than half of Queensland’s populationlives in the capital: Brisbane
  13. 13. Brisbane
  14. 14. Northern Territory Northern coast of the mainland, between Western Australia and Queensland Largest population of Aborigines in Australia
  15. 15. Australian Capital Territory Located in New South Wales The national capital, Canberra, is located here
  16. 16. Canber r a ( Aust r al i a’ sCapi t al )
  17. 17. II. Australia’s Physical Features
  18. 18. Australia…The world’s smallest and flattest continent… Has Earth’s oldest and least fertile soils Only Antarctica receives less rainfall!Commonwealth of Australia also includesTasmania, an island south of the mainlandIt’s surrounded by the Indian and PacificOceans
  19. 19. Huge desert plains stretch across thecountry’s middle--central Australia’sclimate is hot and dryMilder climates along the southeasternand southwestern coastsMost Australians live in the southeasterncoastal region
  20. 20. Great Barrier ReefWorld’s largest coral reef!Lies off the northeast coast ofQueensland--over 1,200 miles longContains an amazing variety of marinelife, including the world’s largest collectionof coral 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish, & 4,000 mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, & squid) Also includes rare species like the sea cow and the large green turtle
  21. 21. Gr eat Bar r i er Reef f r omspace
  22. 22. Coral SeaAn important source of coral for the GreatBarrier Reef Part of the Pacific Ocean Off the northeast coast of AustraliaWhen the earth’s crust moved millions of yearsago, it created the Coral Sea and the GreatDividing Range (largest mountain range inAustralia)Coral Sea islands are scattered over thousandsof miles of ocean--no one lives on the islandsexcept for a small group of weather specialists
  23. 23. Ayers RockA huge, reddish rock in the center ofAustralia Very close to the geographic center of the continent…It’s a monolith, which is a single, large rocksticking out of the earthAppears reddish because its iron content“rusts” at the surfaceNearly 12 stories high and almost 6 mileswide!
  24. 24. Ayers RockAborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its officialnameEuropean surveyor visited the rock in 1873and named it after Sir Henry Ayers, anEnglish government official in SouthAustraliaIn 1950, Australia created Uluru-Kata TjutaNational Park around Ayers Rock Both are located in the southwest corner of the state called Northern Territory
  25. 25. Great Victoria DesertStretches through the states of SouthAustralia and Western AustraliaReceives only 8 to 10 inches of raineach year, and it never snows!Some grasslands in the desert alongwith sandhills and salt
  26. 26. Great Victoria DesertFirst Europeans to cross the desertnamed it after British QueenVictoria in 1875160,000 miles long & is a protectedwilderness areaVery few Australians live herebecause it’s too hot and dry

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