Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt

  1. 1. Ancient Egypt “Gift of the Nile”
  2. 2. 1 st Settlers <ul><li>People first settled in this area around 5000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>1 st settlements were along the Nile River </li></ul><ul><li>Farmed the fertile soil left behind by the yearly floods </li></ul><ul><li>Protected from invaders by desert, the sea, & the Nile’s waterfalls </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Nile River <ul><li>“the river in the sand” </li></ul><ul><li>Was used to travel between cities (this removed the need for many roads) </li></ul><ul><li>Helped promote trade </li></ul><ul><li>The mud from the river banks was used for pottery & bricks </li></ul><ul><li>Provided papyrus, the plant used for making paper </li></ul>
  4. 4. Flooding of the Nile <ul><li>Flooded every year </li></ul><ul><li>Left behind silt (natural fertilizer) </li></ul><ul><li>Could not control flooding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive – provided good farmland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative – could wipe out crops </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Pharaoh & Gods <ul><li>Egyptian rulers or Kings were called Pharaohs </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaohs were not only in charge of the country but also a god (Theocracy) </li></ul><ul><li>They owned all the land & everything in it </li></ul><ul><li>Built huge temples, monuments, & pyramids </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pyramids <ul><li>4 triangular sided tomb </li></ul><ul><li>Built as afterlife palaces for pharaohs (not for people like you and me!) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Afterlife <ul><li>Religion was very important to Egyptians </li></ul><ul><li>When you died you went to the next life – everything you would need was placed in your grave (food, clothing, etc…) </li></ul><ul><li>Tombs were decorated with art </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies were preserved from decay – Mummies </li></ul><ul><li>Regular offerings were made to honor the dead </li></ul>
  8. 8. Egyptian Inventions <ul><li>Created a system of writing that used symbols – Hieroglyphics </li></ul><ul><li>Locks </li></ul><ul><li>Eye makeup </li></ul><ul><li>Ox-drawn plow </li></ul><ul><li>Sun clock & water clock </li></ul>

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