Australia - Physical and Political Features

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Australia - Physical and Political Features

  1. 1. Political & PhysicalFeatures of Australia Unit 10 Notes
  2. 2. I. Australia’s Political Features
  3. 3. Australia…S Is divided into territories and states: S States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland S Territories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory
  4. 4. TasmaniaS Island off the southeast coast of the mainlandS Almost half of Tasmania is unspoiled land that is protected by the government
  5. 5. Tasmanian Devil?
  6. 6. VictoriaS State closest to Tasmania S Southeast part of the mainlandS Capital is Melbourne; it’s the most urban state in AustraliaS The many rivers of the region are a good source of fresh water for farming
  7. 7. South AustraliaS State in south-central AustraliaS The Great Victoria Desert is located here…
  8. 8. Western AustraliaS Largest state; makes up 1/3rd of the mainlandS Most of Western Australia is desert (Great Victoria Desert and Great Sandy Desert are located here)
  9. 9. Gr e at S an d y D e s e r t
  10. 10. New South WalesS North of Victoria, on the eastern coastS Has more people than any other Australian state S The capital, Sydney, is the most populated city in Australia -- 3 1/2 million people live there!S Australian Capital Territory is located here
  11. 11. S yd n e y, Ne w S o u t hW es al
  12. 12. QueenslandS Second largest state; 7 times the size of England!S In the northeastern part of the mainlandS Great Barrier Reef is located off the coast in the Coral SeaS More than half of Queensland’s population lives in the capital: Brisbane
  13. 13. Brisbane
  14. 14. Northern TerritoryS Northern coast of the mainland, between Western Australia and QueenslandS Largest population of Aborigines in Australia
  15. 15. Australian Capital TerritoryS Located in New South WalesS The national capital, Canberra, is located here
  16. 16. Can b e r r a ( Au s t r al i a’ sCap i t al )
  17. 17. II. Australia’s Physical Features
  18. 18. Australia…S The only country on the world’s smallest and flattest continent…S Has Earth’s oldest and least fertile soilsS Only Antarctica receives less rainfall!S Commonwealth of Australia also includes Tasmania, an island south of the mainlandS It’s surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans
  19. 19. S Huge desert plains stretch across the country’s middle--central Australia’s climate is hot and dryS Milder climates along the southeastern and southwestern coastsS Most Australians live in the southeastern coastal region
  20. 20. Great Barrier ReefS World’s largest coral reef!S Lies off the northeast coast of Queensland--over 1,200 miles longS Contains an amazing variety of marine life, including the world’s largest collection of coral S 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish, & 4,000 mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, & squid) S Also includes rare species like the sea cow and the large green turtle
  21. 21. Gr e at Bar r i e r Re e f f r o ms p ac e
  22. 22. Coral SeaS An important source of coral for the Great Barrier Reef S Part of the Pacific Ocean S Off the northeast coast of AustraliaS When the earth’s crust moved millions of years ago, it created the Coral Sea and the Great Dividing Range (largest mountain range in Australia)S Coral Sea islands are scattered over thousands of miles of ocean--no one lives on the islands except for a small group of weather specialists
  23. 23. Ayers RockS A huge, reddish rock in the center of Australia S Very close to the geographic center of the continent…S It’s a monolith, which is a single, large rock sticking out of the earthS Appears reddish because its iron content “rusts” at the surfaceS Nearly 12 stories high and almost 6 miles wide!
  24. 24. Ayers RockS Aborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its official nameS European surveyor visited the rock in 1873 and named it after Sir Henry Ayers, an English government official in South AustraliaS In 1950, Australia created Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park around Ayers Rock S Both are located in the southwest corner of the state called Northern Territory
  25. 25. Great Victoria DesertS Stretches through the states of South Australia and Western AustraliaS Receives only 8 to 10 inches of rain each year, and it never snows!S Some grasslands in the desert along with sandhills and salt
  26. 26. Great Victoria DesertS First Europeans to cross the desert named it after British Queen Victoria in 1875S 160,000 miles long & is a protected wilderness areaS Very few Australians live here because it’s too hot and dry

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