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Occupational optometry


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One of the classes on Occupational Optometry

Occupational optometry

  1. 1. Occupational Optometry Presented By: Mr.Chandan
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Occupational optometry is the portion of optometric practice that is concerned with the efficient and safe visual functioning of an individual within the work environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of occupational eye injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Vision assessments of workers/patients, taking into account their specific vision requirements and the demands these requirements place upon them. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Occupational Vision Services <ul><li>Three general areas or levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye safety consultation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision consultation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Occupational Vision Services <ul><li>Primary care : To meet certain occupational vision objectives </li></ul><ul><li>• Complete an occupational history on each adult patient </li></ul><ul><li>• Diagnose and manage occupationally induced conditions (making referrals when necessary) </li></ul><ul><li>• Assess his or her patients’ occupational vision demands and provide appropriate treatments as necessary </li></ul><ul><li>• Educate patients on the need to incorporate eye safety principles into their daily activities. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Occupational Vision Services <ul><li>Eye safety consultation : Overseeing the facility’s entire eye safety program. </li></ul><ul><li>• Writing and helping to enforce an eye safety policy </li></ul><ul><li>• Performing an eye-safety workplace assessment </li></ul><ul><li>• Overseeing the procurement of eye protection devices (both prescription and nonprescription) </li></ul><ul><li>• Educating workers on eye safety issues </li></ul><ul><li>• Overseeing pre-placement and periodic vision screenings </li></ul><ul><li>• Writing policy concerning contact lens wear. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Occupational Vision Services <ul><li>Vision consultation : To provide consulting services concerning the general area of visual efficiency. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Occupational Diseases <ul><li>Chronic ailment - Occupational activity </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure - Workplace health hazard </li></ul><ul><li>More prevalent - Given body of workers than in the general population </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational hazards which are traumatic in nature are not considered </li></ul>
  8. 12. Occupational Diseases <ul><li>Common Occupational diseases - </li></ul><ul><li>Asbestosis - Asbestos miners/ Friable asbestos insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Black Lung Disease - Coal miners </li></ul><ul><li>Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – Poultry industry/Data entry personnel's </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation sickness - Nuclear industry </li></ul><ul><li>Byssinosis - Cotton textile industry </li></ul><ul><li>Phossy jaw and Radium jaw- Match girls and Radium Dial Workers </li></ul>
  9. 13. Occupational Diseases
  10. 14. INCIDENCE OF OCULAR INJURIES AND ITS PREVENTION <ul><li>Incidence of eye injuries: </li></ul><ul><li>Play and sport </li></ul><ul><li>RTA </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial accident </li></ul><ul><li>Civil disturbances </li></ul><ul><li>Home accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Assault </li></ul><ul><li>Farm accident </li></ul>
  11. 15. Incidence Of Eye Injuries <ul><li>Occupations: </li></ul><ul><li>Machine tool operators </li></ul><ul><li>Motor vehicle or aircraft mechanic </li></ul><ul><li>Metal worker </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Electrician </li></ul><ul><li>Welder </li></ul><ul><li>Painter </li></ul><ul><li>General laborer </li></ul>
  12. 16. Incidence Of Eye Injuries <ul><li>Most common Grinding or buffing </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure or sports-worst injury </li></ul><ul><li>Baseball, Ice hockey and Racket sports. </li></ul><ul><li>Squash ball 224km/h </li></ul><ul><li>Racket ball and tennis ball 192km/h </li></ul><ul><li>Shuttlecock 232km/h </li></ul>
  13. 17. Incidence Of Eye Injuries <ul><li>Open eye guards are not recommended </li></ul><ul><li>Spectacle frames with hinges that open beyond 90degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Boxers-Thumbless glove </li></ul><ul><li>Monocular player-Identified and advised </li></ul>
  14. 18. Incidence Of Eye Injuries <ul><li>Adult supervision-Children </li></ul><ul><li>Household items: Oven cleaners, Glue, Disinfectants, Nylon cord grass trimmers, Chain saws, Hair sprays, Paints, Insecticides and Cleaning agents. </li></ul>
  15. 19. Prevention Of Injuries <ul><li>Optometrist role: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual requirement? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hobbies? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying potential hazard and protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye protection programmes </li></ul></ul>
  16. 20. Prevention Of Eye Injuries <ul><li>Perception of risk </li></ul><ul><li>Education for the younger employee </li></ul><ul><li>Publicizing eye injuries carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Counsel workers after an injury </li></ul><ul><li>Determining reasons for not using protection </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory wear </li></ul>
  17. 21. Prevention Of Eye Injuries <ul><li>Eye protection programme: </li></ul><ul><li>Aim : Identify and Eliminate/Control </li></ul><ul><li>Economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in eye injuries=Reduction of insurance and medical expenses, Reduction in lost production, Work replacement and retraining costs </li></ul><ul><li>Good employee-employer relationship </li></ul>
  18. 22. Prevention Of Eye Injuries <ul><li>Eye protection programme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expenses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consultant fee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of implementation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modification of the manufacturing process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of employee education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of providing and maintaining </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 23. Eye Protection Programme <ul><li>Parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant environment survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision screening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of the programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance of the programme </li></ul></ul>
  20. 24. Plant Environment Survey <ul><li>Assessment of potential plant hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous tasks and area inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Method of elimination/controlling </li></ul><ul><li>Modify/ Use of non-hazardous materials </li></ul><ul><li>Last option is eye guards </li></ul>
  21. 25. Plant Survey <ul><li>Lighting conditions needs to be assessed </li></ul><ul><li>Sites of emergency first aids needs to be noted </li></ul><ul><li>Accident records have to be maintained </li></ul>
  22. 26. Vision Screening <ul><li>Studies have proved to have a strong relation between defective vision and accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Injure not just themselves but their colleagues also run the risk of being injured </li></ul>
  23. 27. Implementation Of Programme <ul><li>Elimination/control </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of eye protectors </li></ul><ul><li>Marking of the areas </li></ul><ul><li>Provision for first aid facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of lens cleaning stations </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of safety committee </li></ul><ul><li>Educating employees </li></ul>
  24. 28. Maintenance Of the Programme <ul><li>Assessing new manufacturing processes </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing education and training </li></ul><ul><li>Regular vision screenings </li></ul><ul><li>Active safety committee </li></ul><ul><li>Stocking eye protectors </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of lens cleaning and first aid facilities </li></ul>