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Case Study Of Metamorphosing The Transit System

Casey Hudson
Casey Hudson
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Case Study Of Metamorphosing The Transit System
WHITE PAPER
"The Consummate Collaboration of Cellular Services & Internet"
– Because Calling & Chatting is too Mainstream
 INDEX
Serial
No. CONTENTS PAGE NO
1.
INTRODUCTION: Metamorphosing the Transit system.
2
2.
The Next Wave: Cell–Net Convergence. 3
3. A1
Flow Diagrams – A2 B 4
5
6–7
4.
Terminologies used in Flow Diagrams 8
5.
Business Perspective
9–11
6. Summary 11
7. References 12
(1)
 INTRODUCTION: Metamorphosing the Transit system.
"Last Monday, Mr Aakash Bhargava, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
INBOX **ITS– Intelligent Ticketing Service. (5)
FLOW DIAGRAM B (Live Tracking of Transit System using GPS).
 For Smartphone Users. SATELLITE
(Bus Installed with GPS Transponder and a Magnetic
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Case Study Of Metamorphosing The Transit System
A Research Plan On Mass Transit And Efforts
This strategic plan is centered on mass transit and efforts to reduce emissions in order to then reduce
asthma across the population. The outline for the paper will be in the form of the eight steps from
"Our Iceberg is Melting" for the purpose of identifying and planning a successful execution of steps
needed to take for a positive outcome.
Set the Stage
Step 1: Create a Sense of Urgency According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
"transportation–related pollutants are one of the largest contributors to unhealthy air quality," (CDC,
n.d.) which can lead to the worsening of asthma symptoms, among other negative health impacts. In
the United States, emissions from cars and other motor vehicles account for more than 50 percent of
air pollution in urban areas and "the design of communities and transportation systems impact how
often automobiles are used, how many automobile trips are taken, and how long those trips are"
(CDC, n.d.). In order to reduce these emissions, it is critical to consider increasing the usage of mass
transit as well as other transportation alternatives and create a healthier atmosphere for everyone. In
addition to the positive health impacts, reducing transportation–caused pollutants would improve air
quality that would have other positive environmental consequences. However, immediate action by
the public, transportation experts and policy advisers, health professionals and other key actors is
necessary immediately.
Step 2: Pull
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Case Study Of Metamorphosing The Transit System
Bus Transit And Mass Transit
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1General
In urban areas due to expansion of cities and population growth the major problems which arise are
more travel time and more travel cost. For Developing countries like India, China, Brazil etc. taking
affordability and mobility into account the policy makers induced public transport system for
movements like inter–urban or intra–urban. Various examples are Bus Transit & Mass Transit. Due
to bigger city size and fixed routes of these systems its accessibility varies for different user. These
predefined fixed routes do not take into account the whole catchment area from where the users are
using. Among these users there are some users which use daily bases are known as commuters. Such
commuters access/egress the transit system by a variety of modes such as by walking, bicycle,
manual tricycle, motorized 2–3 wheeler, feeder bus services and cars. Each mode has its utility
within certain distance range (Khistey and Sriraj 1996) . Increase in city size has reflected in the
utility of various modes, utility of motorized vehicles have increased whereas the utility of non–
motorized have decreased. From socio–economic point, these include loss of employment, slow
elimination of environment friendly modes like bicycles, manual tricycles and walk and increase in
population levels. The mode choice for access and egress varies for various users but for policy
makers it is very important to identify the factors which are influencing these mode
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Kochi Mulesoft Meetup # 17 - RTF on OpenShift Deployment Model
 

Case Study Of Metamorphosing The Transit System

  • 1. Case Study Of Metamorphosing The Transit System WHITE PAPER "The Consummate Collaboration of Cellular Services & Internet" – Because Calling & Chatting is too Mainstream  INDEX Serial No. CONTENTS PAGE NO 1. INTRODUCTION: Metamorphosing the Transit system. 2 2. The Next Wave: Cell–Net Convergence. 3 3. A1 Flow Diagrams – A2 B 4 5 6–7 4. Terminologies used in Flow Diagrams 8 5. Business Perspective 9–11 6. Summary 11 7. References 12 (1)  INTRODUCTION: Metamorphosing the Transit system.
  • 2. "Last Monday, Mr Aakash Bhargava, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... INBOX **ITS– Intelligent Ticketing Service. (5) FLOW DIAGRAM B (Live Tracking of Transit System using GPS).  For Smartphone Users. SATELLITE (Bus Installed with GPS Transponder and a Magnetic ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4. A Research Plan On Mass Transit And Efforts This strategic plan is centered on mass transit and efforts to reduce emissions in order to then reduce asthma across the population. The outline for the paper will be in the form of the eight steps from "Our Iceberg is Melting" for the purpose of identifying and planning a successful execution of steps needed to take for a positive outcome. Set the Stage Step 1: Create a Sense of Urgency According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "transportation–related pollutants are one of the largest contributors to unhealthy air quality," (CDC, n.d.) which can lead to the worsening of asthma symptoms, among other negative health impacts. In the United States, emissions from cars and other motor vehicles account for more than 50 percent of air pollution in urban areas and "the design of communities and transportation systems impact how often automobiles are used, how many automobile trips are taken, and how long those trips are" (CDC, n.d.). In order to reduce these emissions, it is critical to consider increasing the usage of mass transit as well as other transportation alternatives and create a healthier atmosphere for everyone. In addition to the positive health impacts, reducing transportation–caused pollutants would improve air quality that would have other positive environmental consequences. However, immediate action by the public, transportation experts and policy advisers, health professionals and other key actors is necessary immediately. Step 2: Pull ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6. Bus Transit And Mass Transit 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1General In urban areas due to expansion of cities and population growth the major problems which arise are more travel time and more travel cost. For Developing countries like India, China, Brazil etc. taking affordability and mobility into account the policy makers induced public transport system for movements like inter–urban or intra–urban. Various examples are Bus Transit & Mass Transit. Due to bigger city size and fixed routes of these systems its accessibility varies for different user. These predefined fixed routes do not take into account the whole catchment area from where the users are using. Among these users there are some users which use daily bases are known as commuters. Such commuters access/egress the transit system by a variety of modes such as by walking, bicycle, manual tricycle, motorized 2–3 wheeler, feeder bus services and cars. Each mode has its utility within certain distance range (Khistey and Sriraj 1996) . Increase in city size has reflected in the utility of various modes, utility of motorized vehicles have increased whereas the utility of non– motorized have decreased. From socio–economic point, these include loss of employment, slow elimination of environment friendly modes like bicycles, manual tricycles and walk and increase in population levels. The mode choice for access and egress varies for various users but for policy makers it is very important to identify the factors which are influencing these mode ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8. Transit Oriented Development Paper I. Introduction While transit–oriented development (TOD) has become an increasingly popular planning mechanism, very few studies have been conducted on how cities try to plan for and implement transit–oriented development projects. This paper analyzes the TOD implementation process near transit centers, along with light–rail transit and the TOD projects that complement it. Zoning/land use data as well as archival research suggest TOD in San Diego will be its own special market due to the widespread transit infrastructure the region has. There are several barriers currently restricting TOD implementation in San Diego County. The main one being TOD projects are heavily pursued in cases where site conditions are under achieving or nonexistent. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Especially planning for major cities in the past 60 years, our society goes from planning around the car and the suburb, to increasing density around transit so everyone can be connected with each other. The situation itself shows how much planning has advanced between the rational model of planning and the incremental model. To fully understand TOD, one must connect the general idea of it, along with current planning practices and mainly the incremental model. How TOD implementation can justify itself as a new transportation planning tool will be discussed towards the conclusion of this paper. For now, a background will be provided on how the concept of TOD got ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10. Research Paper On Mercury Transit With all the hype surrounding the Mercury transit doomsday theory, it almost seems that evil aliens exist on the planet itself. Apparently, that may not seem as outlandish as it sounds. NASA has discovered that life may be possible on the planet although it would hardly be glamorous. MERCURY TRANSIT SCARES THE WORLD About 13 times a century, Mercury passes between the Earth and the Sun. The beautiful and rare occurrence was caught on film and to the surprise of many, we on Earth still exist. There was a theory floating around that suggested evil forces were at work during the Mercury transit. Apparently, with the aligning of the planets, other astronomical alignments occurred as well. The powers that be would then unleash on the galaxy and Earth would cease to exist. Seeing as that didn't happen, perhaps the evil aliens of Mercury were captured in time. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... If aliens, evil or not, existed on Mercury, they would have to be some thick skinned beings. According to NASA, the planet's extreme temperatures would make it nearly impossible for humans to live on the planet, but given the right technology, it may be possible. The planet does have water ice at its poles. Any beings living there could possible starting mining the ice and live off the land. Still, extreme temperates would likely be unavoidable. Daytime temperatures on the planet can reach up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit and nighttime temps get to minus 290. It's safe to assume anyone dealing with that on a daily basis would surely be evil. GOVERNMENT IS HIDING ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12. Melaton Metro Transit System All light rail vehicles under Minneapolis's Metro Transit system have vertical bike racks that can hold up to 4 bicycles. Other transit systems, such as Portland's TriMet system, designate one car on each train to be a low–floor train car, which contains hanging bike racks that hold 4 bikes. Bike are also allowed on high–floor train cars; there are no bike racks, but there are seating rows available that have extra space in front of them to accommodate for bicycles. In some cities, however, they allow bikes on board trains but do not have bike racks to accommodate. In these systems, because bikes often take up passenger space, they are only allowed on trains during non–peak times and in the non–peak direction. But whether trains have ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In addition, if train stations are readily accessible to more people, then more people would be encouraged to utilize trains and abandon their cars, reducing the community's carbon emissions. Integrating bicycles with buses and trains is necessary for any transit system looking to find success; however, there is an additional step that must be taken in order to experience the full benefits of a bike–and–ride system. That final step is the presence of safe bike to bus and train stations. In contrast to drivers, cyclists are much more exposed to the environment and prone to injury on their bicycles. Therefore, many cyclists avoid riding on busy roads where they are more likely to collide with a car. If a bus or train station is only accessible by a busy main road, then no matter how bike– friendly the buses or trains may be, cyclists will not ride to the station because they do not feel safe on the roads. Safe bike ways must be in place in order to unlock the potential of bike–friendly transit systems. A 1988 study conducted on Northern Virginia rail transit stations emphasizes this idea. In the study, users of four of Northern Virginia's Metrorail stations were surveyed. The study found that 66 percent of those who used the park–and–ride feature at the stations lived within 3 miles of the station , a distance that can easily be covered on a bicycle. However, many of the stations' users opted not do so because of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14. Sacramento Regional Transit Strategic Plan Essay Large cities and populations rely on public transportation to reduce traffic congestion and vehicle emission as well as provide a means for citizens without personal vehicles to travel to important places like work, school or the grocery store. Critically important infrastructure to any city, without a reliable regional transportation system those who cannot afford cars are greatly impacted. Such groups may be confined to a particular neighborhood which may result in lack of accessibility to jobs or other important resources, in modern cities neighborhoods cut off from transportation can become increasingly poor, see elevated crime rates and more likely to continue to be separated from the local economy. Beginning operation in 1973 Sacramento's public transportation system grew with the population of the region, in the past two decades the system has extended even further to incorporate outside cities. The system ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In Sacramento Regional Transit Strategic Plan for 2015 the top goals of the public were expand service coverage, enhance passenger environments and improve existing service quality, the survey was based on 616 responses, less than .1% of annual riders (16). RT employees favored funding acquisition over expanding service coverage, which fell to the tenth most important goal, beating out improving regional mobility, which customers placed fourth in order of importance (17). The data although based off a rather small sample group suggests that RT and customer share a common goal, to improve the overall service and environments for consumers. If this common goal is shared then why has RT fallen short on this base obligation to its customers? Professor of ***** at *****, Brian Taylor observes that this separation of what the public expects from transit with what transit actually presents to its customers is a complex managerial challenge for transit ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16. Long Beach Transit: Article Analysis Jeff Bryant works as a human resource recruiter for Long Beach Transit. Mr. Bryant obtained a master's degree in human resources. He provided strategies for successfully pursuing internships. Mr. Bryant advocates for internship programs at Long Beach Transit. He discussed a variety of suggestions for students when applying for an internship. One of the suggestions was organizing the job search; it is useful due to the fact it helps material and information be in order. He explained what paperwork to have prepared, as well as the importance of a professional e–mail. School transcript, letter of recommendation, reference lists, list of former employers, complete with addresses, phone numbers, date of employment is the vital paperwork one should ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18. Explain How Roadways And Public Transit Have Impacted The... How Roadways and Public transit have impacted the city The top issue in Toronto was the poor performance of public transit such as buses, streetcars, and subway trains. The TTC system is of very bad performance that even many transit systems in third– world countries provide users with better experiences than trasit users have in Toronto. The current major problems with TTC are: crowding during rush periods and insufficient ridership to justify reasonable service levels at other times. Another problem was that Rob Ford was unwilling to accept a proposal to reduce monitoring of fare payment. "I have problems with the honour system," he said. John Tory opposed the recommendations because they are not funded. But funding such service changes ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In June of last year the TTC announced their plan to replace tickets and tokens by integrating Presto, a Metrolinx smart card system all across the TTC by the end of this year. Tickets and tokens will only be accepted to mid 2017. Public transit is one of the only means of transportation for people in this situation, they usually have to chose between basic needs or fare. Also a study in Edmonton showed that provding youths with monthly transit passes reduces their encounter with the police or any criminal justice system. With new changes with the TTC they lack to consider these people in this economic state.The Presto card cost $6 and needs a minimal of $10 in it, which is paid eithier by credit, debit, or cash. Many people who don't have fixed adresses are not able to own a bank or credit card. These people then have to use change to load the cards and with the Presto process which then the card takes 7–10 days to arrive, it's more of hassle for people than to just carry over change, tickets, or tokens. Also an overall concern about this machine is not only does it have acess to peoples finicial accounts, but it also tracks our movemnts which many people are uncomfortable with, as we do not know who has acess to this information or how they will use ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20. Norwalk Transit District And Wheels Hub Many in the Norwalk Community were shocked to hear about Norwalk transit districts plans for the next year. In the transit plans for next year the NCC shuttle is going to be permanently shut down along with other buses starting January 1st 2017. This will affect many who go to Norwalk Community College from the train station. The Norwalk hour covered the story before the majority of the campus found out. The article focused solely on the changes the shutdown of just the NCC shuttle will have on some students like Jesse Lawrence and faculty as well. Norwalk transit District/ Wheels hub The Norwalk Transit is responsible for the changes they make to the bus schedules which is not limited to the NCC shuttle. This is only a proposal ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The public hearings took place October 17 and 18 same times as the informational meetings. This lead to some confusion. NCC Students who showed up to the informational meetings left shortly after being told that in these meetings the public is not allowed to voice their opinions since it was not a public hearing. There was however a testimony form that could be filled out telling the Transit how the changes will affect you which was not advertised. The informational meeting was set up so that there were four tables that people can sit at while they wait for one of the board members or Morton to talk to them about the changes they wanted to make to the bus schedules. The board gave out printed Power Points at this meeting explaining every change they are trying to make and a couple other important documents. There were three bus drivers there but none that are going to be impacted heavily by the changes being made. Morton is responsible for the transit company as a whole and she explained that the transit is funded by the state and federal transit system. Morton talked to each person that stayed at the informational meeting to explain the reason behind her plan. "Our plan was to address the least productive the lowest ridership and you'll find in the proposals how much the average passenger revenue per hour and how they were proposed and keeping in mind that we were also seeking that there be ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22. Transit Of Venus Research Paper A transit of Venus occurs when the planet Venus passes in between the earth and the sun making it visible for us humans to see a small round disk moving slowly at a particularly slow rate across the sun. The components to this are the Transit of venus Transit's such as the ones that have been viewed in 1874 and 2012 are very rare nowadays and will only occur every 243 years with a pair of transits that are 8 years apart from each other(1874 & 1882) (2004 & 2012), making it a very special occasion for scientists and observers to discover more astronomy research in the 2012 transit. The reasoning to why it takes a long time for the next transit to occur is because at every 584 days Venus is not directly aligned in between the Earth and the Sun as it is positioned either below or above the blazing star. This event causes the light rays to be undisturbed allowing the star to produce it's light over the earth, giving the reason why it takes a very long time for the next transit to occur in December 2117. Transits are also known to have a similar concept to Solar Eclipses. They are both aligned in between the earth and the sun (Inferior Conjunction) during their particular events. The moon covers the sun quickly at approximately 7:30 minutes and is appeared to be larger than the circular ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... When a transit occurs it gives scientists sourceful information making it a huge deal as it is a rare event occurring in the next 243 years. This proves that the transit of venus isn't just a black circular disk going across the sun, because it actually has a purpose to us and the earth. During the 2012 transit, scientists discovered new measurements of the diameter of Venus and comparing them with the measurements that the astronomers/scientists are familiar with, allowing further research on exoplanet ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24. The Rise Of Mass Transit The rise of mass transit in the beginning seemed like a great idea everything did seem to go well and it really benefited the majority of Americans. Many people used mass transit as a faster efficient way to get around that they had never seen before. Electric trolleys as started in the article "The Rise and Fall of mass transit" were the start of the urban expansion that came about. At the time real estate owners and transit owners developed a good system to ensure economic development in the cities. In the early 1900s there was a decline in mass transit development although there was a development in automobile technology. As said in the passage entrepreneurs and private corporations came together and invested more in street cars these were the reason as to why there was such a corruption in mass transit. During this time Americans demands a better control of the mass transit system which was necessary and these large corporations had no interest in the welfare of the citizens rather only in making a large profit. The Americans demanded a reliable, efficient and inexpensive mass transit system a lot of these people could not afford automobiles for several reasons. GM argued why buses were a more reliable and dependent form of trans portion than railroads. Therefore the government started to support more auto mobile ideas, rather than the railroads. The government started to give into ideas to support street and high way construction , since they were cooperating with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26. The Washington Metro Transit Authority It is against this segregated backdrop that many of the District's transportation initiatives began. In its 2002 Transit Development Study, the Washington Metro Transit Authority (WMATA) cited several reasons for its focus on transit improvements. Among these reasons was the recognition that the District was growing but not equally in all areas (WMATA, 2002). Its list of "Promising Transit Routes" included routes extending from areas of traditionally higher–income per household and lower unemployment rates to areas of traditionally lower–income per household and higher unemployment rates. For example, 4 of the 5 routes involved routes to the Minnesota Avenue station from neighborhoods such as Georgetown and Woodley Park. NeighborhoodInfo DC, Urban Institute's data aggregator, provides profile information for DC's 39 neighborhood clusters and helps to put the variances of income and unemployment in perspective while also assisting with understanding the rationale behind the selection of these routes by WMATA. Table 1 shows percentages of Black and White residents in these areas and lists the average family income and unemployment rates of each neighborhood as measured by 2010 census data. Based on 2010 Census data. 39 neighborhood clusters made of three to five neighborhoods. Cluster Neighborhood Black Population (%) White Population (%) Average Family Income ($) Unemployment Rate (%) 4 Georgetown 3.7 81 272,850 3.7 15 Woodley Park 4.4 80 303,094 3.2 29 Minnesota Avenue ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28. The Toronto Transit System And Municipal Transit Agency Over the past several years, Toronto has struggled to find new dedicated streams of revenue to fund its regional transit system, all while Metrolinx, the provincial transit agency is developing the province's "Big Move" plan in hopes of connecting the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area transportation system. The province stopped funding the TTC's operating funds in 1996 and since then, the City of Toronto has relied on a subsidy from the city and fares to balance this. Later in 2006, Metrolinx was created by the Province of Ontario as the first Regional Transportation Agency for the GTHA and in 2016, "Move the GTHA" reveals a $30 billion funding gap which begs the questions of who should fund the regional transit system and by what mechanisms? It is very hard for a city as large as Toronto to keep up with its funding for regional transit without much efforts from the provincial or federal government. The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is falling behind on a massive deficit when funding its Operating Budget. Only two thirds of the TTC's Operating Budget are covered by fares. These fares "generate about $1.1 billion of the TTC's $1.6 billion operating budget. The rest primarily comes from a city subsidy, which is $428 million, up from $411 million in 2013" according to Jennifer Palisoc (Palisoc, 2014). With the continuous struggle of efforts to get Toronto's transit system back up on its feet again, the Province of Ontario created Metrolinx; an organization ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30. Disadvantages Of A Bus Rapid Transit Transport is an integral part of national, economic, social and sustainable development that can produce both positive and negative effects on the environment and the quality of life depending on the level of development and indicated preferences. Transportation is hence crucial for the growth of any economy and trade, both of which are highly dependent on the conveyance of people and goods (Rodrigue et.al, 2006). The role of transportation to urban dwellers cannot be overemphasised as transportation enables employment, education, health services and leisure (Wane, 2001). Practically the production process cannot be complete unless inputs such as raw materials and labour can be moved from different locations; neither can manufactured products be delivered to consumers, nor services carried out which emphasizes the need for an effective transport system (Rodrigue et.al, 2006). Public transportation ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Curitiba Bus Model which was proposed by the city planning philosophy of Mayor Jaime Lerner of the Brazilian city of Curitiba has since been incorporated in other cities as TransMilenio in Bogota, Columbia; Metrovia in Guayaquil, Ecuador and the Orange Line of Los Angeles where urban transport and urban growth are incongruous. The essence of a Bus Rapid Transit hence is to improve bus operating speed and reliability on arterial streets by reducing or eliminating the various types of delay (Goodman et al, 2005). The history of public transport development in Sub–Saharan Africa differs from one country to another. However, to date we may affirm that it is a sector which remains poorly organised across the continent. Many companies were created in various countries, even several times in the same country, but the vast majority of them have failed. (Addo, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32. The West Coast Transit Marketing Project The West Coast Transit Marketing Project is a crucial team task help the charter regain success in the competing airline industry. In order to find a solution from the beginning, a leader must understand the scope of importance related to his/her employees and the impact of the entire company. A visionary must be able to pull in the right team members and resources available to consider factor and decisions for a positive outcome in the airline industry. A vital element is the ability to know and comprehend an employee's strengths and weakness that can be useful in certain organizational projects. The leader understands the importance and values of team. Also, he/she can develop growth and ambition from existing team members. Most importantly a visionary leader must have motivational strategies and managerial strategies in order to be a positive impact with the employees and organization. For the magnitude of the West Coast Transit Marketing Project, it is important to select a certain caliber of team members that hold the common goal of unity of a team. "Teams should not be developed or created for the sake of having a team; they are designed to meet the needs of a specific performance or challenge" ("Work Teams in Organizational Behavior | Tanmoy Das – Academia.edu," n.d.). A team must hold several hold several characteristics in order to be successful in completing any particular project. The traits that should be inherent in an individual are team unity, problem ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34. Avantieme and the Transit of Tomorrow Avantieme is an island off the coast of Australia where the ocean scintillates and the national parks bask in the shade. Three main parks take refuge in Avantieme, housing about 58 species of endangered animals. Although the parks limit the living space of Avantieme, they are far too rare and meaningful to be destroyed. Centuries ago, we drove cars contaminated with pollution, but now Avantieme has pioneered the way to a cleaner and more dynamic way of transporting the commuter with the innovative Herron. There are several solutions to digress from the modern polluting ways of the car, but one of the easiest and most efficient is the usage of hydrogen to power the insurgent Hare pods. The Hares uses a polymer exchange membrane fuel cell ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... One pound of hydrogen produces 52,000 BTU (British Thermal Unit), three times that in a pound of gasoline. The hydrogen powered Hare is a computer automated vehicle, that uses frequencies and a geographic mapping system to guide it. The Hare has two antennas on the top, the former sending out frequencies and the latter acting as a backup. The frequencies will detect the cars around them and any unrecognized objects. It also uses the RGMS, or Repetitive Geographic Mapping System, to give pinpoint accuracy to the computer. The RGMS are cars that parole Avantiemie every day, taking pictures of the roads and pathways as they go. They then, take the data they retrieved to the main building. This building collects and stores the data in their database and constantly sends them out to the Hares' GPS. They keep an updated picture of roads as guide and safety backup to the antennas. Avantieme citizens craved a manual driving feature, but with a much more advanced computer system driving the car, traffic is limited and virtually no collisions occur. After some compelling arguments, transportation engineers eventually decided against the manual overdrive. Before vetoing the idea, transportation engineers had a test run with the VTS (Variegation Track System) manual overdrive option. At first, it was a very enticing option, but as the tests continued, the manual overdrive proved too dangerous for commercial use. The VTS had some ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36. First Transit Case Study Outline FIRST TRANSIT Headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio, First Transit is the largest provider of public transportation services in North America. Today, First Transit has revenues of $1.4B through operations in over 250 locations. First provides transportation services to 300 million passengers annually throughout the United States in 39 states, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and four Canadian provinces. Founded in 1955 as American Transportation Enterprises, First Transit has had several acquisitions and name iterations. In 1999, the firm was acquired by FirstGroup, plc, our UK–based parent company, and became First Transit. FirstGroup is the largest international surface transportation group in the world operating in five primary divisions. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... and Coach USA established First Group's North American presence with annual revenue of $240M. In 2007, First purchased Laidlaw Transit Services, which was one of the largest public transportation management firms in North America at the time. Over the next 8 years, First Transit continued strong growth trends by retaining current work and winning new business through the RFP procurement process. Legal Status and Ownership Today, First Transit is the largest provider of public transportation services in the United States and Canada. First Transit is an operating division of First Group, Plc. First Group is a publicly traded corporation based in London and is publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange. Tim O'Toole, CEO, leads the company under the direction of a 9 member Board of Directors. In May of 2015, Wolfhart Hauser was named Board Chair and continues to lead the Board today. First's overall strategy is to utilize best practices from extensive experience from operations around the work to offer world class service to each customer. The firm has established five strategic objectives on which efforts will be ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38. Toronto Transit Commission Case Summary Summary of the Case In this case of Toronto Transit Commission v. A.T.U., the union grieved foreman, Mr. Vito Stina's harassment as it provides an unhealthy work environment. Union sought his removal, however, employer did not accuse the foreman with any harassments. The arbitrator was noted that foreman has harassed griever with criticisms and public humiliation, that crossed the boundary. The harassments continued on a regular basis, which showed ignorance and disrespect. At the end of the day, foreman has ripped apart griever's dignity. Griever had filed a hand to the employer explaining the harassments he has been experiencing, however, not much was done. When the arbitrator was informed about this issue, arbitrator had to conclude that the negative influence and the impact on the griever was too big to ignore. Therefore, it provided griever $25 000 for the hardships. Then, arbitrator stated new rules surrounding this problem in order to minimize the may arise: (1) the employer now has to ensure the griever had a harassment free workplace, (2) employer was to not work the the griever in the same area, and (3) ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Similar to the Toronto Transit Commission case, the problem rises when Stewart refuses to work with Taymore because he personally feels targeted by him; employer does not see a big problem on this issue Taymore has recently been in diversity training due to his extremely offensive homophobic comments about his coworkers. As a chair of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Employees Caucus, Stewart feels like Taymore has publically humiliated him, or at least a part of him. Referring back to the Toronto Aireline Case Aireline case, I believe union side will present a new set of rules surrounding this problem. This includes the following: (1) ensuring Taymore has the free right to reject working with Stewart and (2) allowing Taymore to work with Steward, only when he is ready to do ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40. First Transit Strategic Plan Strategic Position & Risk Assessment First Transit's objective is to be the largest transportation management firm in North America by offering clients the most innovative and best solutions available. To achieve this goal, First Transit must implement cutting edge technology to use non–traditional service providers to enhance mobility options and reduce transportation costs. The strategic initiatives to position First Transit for success are: Creation of a new Innovation and Business Development department Establishment of a software development team Acquisition of firms with technology and/or infrastructure already in place Industry Trends Three major trends are driving public transportation away from traditional mass transit and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Increasing productivity allows more passengers to be served with the same level of resources; saving the agency money. Third, the cost pressure has led to reduced focus on regulatory compliance, which has opened the door to the use of non–traditional service providers, such as taxis, Uber, and Lyft to minimize capital and operating costs. The table below illustrates the transformation taking place in the industry. The market is moving away from dedicated vehicles and to a fully brokered–type service using non–dedicated vehicles and non–employee drivers. Target Market First Transit's target market is any public transportation authority, city, county, state, or government agency that is tasked with providing transportation. Competitive Environment Most firms in the public transportation management market are aware of the transition away from traditional transit models. Tow of First Transit's largest competitors, MV Transportation and TransDev, have invested millions of dollars in research to create the technology to broker delivery of this non–traditional mobility service. Both firms are well financed and have hired top industry personnel to lead these ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42. Advantages Of Transit Oriented Development Transit Oriented Development Ishaan Sharma A13558813067 Table of Contents Introduction Advantages Factors driving the Trend towards TOD Components of TOD Initiatives to strengthen TOD Hindrances for TOD Transit–Oriented Development V/s (TOD) Transit–Adjacent Development (TAD) Case Studies Conclusion Annexure Introduction Transit–oriented development (TOD) is a mixed–use residential or commercial area intended to maximize access to public transportation. Such neighborhoods often consist of a center with a public transit station, bounded by high–density growth with gradually lower–density development spreading outward from the center. TODs or transit zones are typically located within a radius of one–half mile from a transit station, as this is generally considered a reasonable walking distance for pedestrians. However, geographic proximity alone does not make development transit oriented. Indeed, many developments can be said to be transit adjacent (i.e. within close physical proximity to transit) but not necessarily designed to promote access and use. On contrary, TOD creates a thrilling community centered on transit access and reduced automobile dependence. As such, a pedestrian– friendly environment is critical to TOD, but is not essential to transit adjacent development. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... So , they discourage a person's self–dependency and endorse transit use, thereby enabling traffic crowding, improving air quality, and limiting carbon discharges. A TOD neighborhood characteristically has a center with a train station, metro station, tram stop, or bus stop, enclosed by
  • 43. comparatively high–density development with increasingly lower–density development spreading away from the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 45. Marketing Plan For West Coast Transit When conducting a marketing plan that will create a solution for West Coast Transit it is important to create a highly motivated and dynamic team of employees to come together to accomplish a task swiftly and flawlessly with short notice. The current situation is for the team of selected individuals to create a plan of action to help boost revenue through the release of the new Bowing 747 and the existing West Coast Transit company mission which is to stay customer–focused and provide an opportunity for companies to fly their employees at an affordable rate as well as accommodate whole families to travel affordably. I have selected a group to work together on a West Coast Transit project that I believe will be in the best interest for the teams and company. While everyone who works with us today has their own profound talents and characteristics, I have selected a group of six which I believe bring the most to the table in a situation like this because the selected group is willing to put more work in for the good of the organization and will do more than is required. My first choice would be Natalie. Natalie is positive and ambitious and can function well in a group atmosphere, Natalie is motivated by challenges and enjoys competitive opportunities where her skills and talents can take center stage. She is great for smoothing over tense situations. She is a real negotiator and is comfortable in any kind of speaking situation which in this stressed circumstance is required. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 47. Bus Rapid Transit Service Design The third article, Bus Rapid Transit Service Design, by American Public Transportation Association focuses on fare evasion and smart cards on BRT. The overall objective of BRT is to enhance transit through travel times that are faster than traditional fixed–route bus service. "While seen as a premium service, BRT should not be implemented at the expense of existing fixed–route service, but rather in a way that complements and enhances other transit services" (APTA). With buses coming every ten to fifteen minutes, fare evasions seems to be the big issue. Bus operators do not have time to inspect fares because that would delay the service. In addition, transit agencies are likely to implement a smart card system because it will minimize and reduce fare evasion. BRT routes operate at a high frequency, which leads to an increased percentage of riders. The majority of transit agencies use the proof of verification method, which increases the numbers of fare evaders because fare inspections do not happen very often. Also, bus operators like to keep their buses on schedule so it is impossible for them to inspect fares without delaying the bus. As stated in this article "Even with inspectors, some revenue loss due to fare evasion should be expected with off–board payment (approximately 4 to 5 percent)" (APTA). Furthermore, if transit agencies implement smart cards, riders will only need to tap card reader before boarding the bus allowing fast boarding without defeating the purpose ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 49. Essay on Mass Transit: The Future of American Travel Mass Transit: The Future of American Travel In today's day and age, an increasing urgency must be put on the issue of transportation and its relation to society. Man owes it to himself to address the issue of transportation with practicality and, as one of the biggest polluters, ultimate discretion. One of the most practical and responsible forms of transportation available today is mass transit. However, a problem is present in American society in that mass transit is not as plentiful as it should be. Societies' across the globe are embracing mass transit much more quickly than Americans are. This problem can be remedied through proper education of the benefits of mass transit. Mass transit is the ideal future of travel for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Firstly, on average, for every billion dollars invested in the field of public transportation capital and operations creates and supports 36,000 jobs (2). Furthermore, these new 36,000 jobs will in turn result in approximately 3.6 billion dollars in business sales and approximately half a billion in federal, state, and local tax revenues (2). By maintaining this yearly funding of public transportation there lies the possibility of a whole new job sector emerging which could, in turn, stem long–term unemployment rates. Secondly, there is strong evidence to support a positive causation between public transportation and beneficial effects towards families and businesses. For example, for every dollar invested in the field of public transportation, approximately four dollars are generated in "economic returns" (2). There also exist statistics that claim that for every 10 million dollars invested in public transportation, there is potential for returns as high as 30 million dollars in business sales solely (2). Individually speaking, the average annual savings for one that takes public transportation and chooses to live with one less car is just a little less than 10 thousand dollars (9,900)(2). In order to show the saving nature of the public transportation system, estimates claim that without public transportation, costs from traffic congestion alone would have risen 19 billion dollars (2). The last of the outlined economic ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 51. Should Public Transits Be Paid? Did you know 35 million times each weekday, people board on public transits? People shouldn't be able to ride on public transits for free, they are authorized to pay so why should we even consider making them free. How would the transits be clean and be able to pay for gas? The transit driver won't get paid, and transits would be so packed that serious theft or injuries could take place. Maintenance: Without money how would the transits be clean and pay for gas? Alone it takes $65 million to construct roads and railways to improve, but without people paying they won't have any money to enhance anything. What i mean by this is that if the head of the transit department comes to an agreement that people shouldn't have to pay for a ride, it ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The average amount of money the driver gets paid is $13 per hour, if they worked for 12 hours everyday they would get paid $156 each day. Without that money they wouldn't really be able to live off of it they start making transit rides free. This shows that even though lots of people would be saving money from riding them for free it wouldn't really be good for the transit driver because, if people stop paying the driver wouldn't get paid anything and that's not fair. Ridership has increased from approximately $500 million in 2011 to $540 million in 2014, remarkably many people use the bus and if they start making it free there won't be any revenue to pay the driver. Instead they would be driving people around town for free. To put it in another way already so many people have been using public transits that if they were to become free the transits would be filled with so many people. Additionally if people won't pay for their transit ride, the driver also won't get paid. For example if the driver doesn't get paid he/she won't have any money to buy and do so many different things that are necessary in life. Such as have food, water, and shelter. It won't be fair to the drivers to drive so many people around town without even getting paid to do ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 53. Toronto Transit Commission Advantages And Disadvantages About TTC The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is an open transport office that works transport, tram, streetcar, and paratransit benefits in Toronto, the capital of the territory of Ontario in Canada. It is the most seasoned and biggest of the urban travel specialist organizations in the Greater Toronto Area, with various associations with frameworks serving its encompassing regions. Set up as the Toronto Transportation Commission in 1921, the TTC possesses and works four quick travel lines with 75 stations, more than 149 transport courses, and 10 streetcar lines. In the fourth quarter of 2012, the normal every day ridership was 2.76 million travelers: 1,425,300 by transport, 271,100 by streetcar, 46,400 by middle rail, and 1,011,700 by subway. The TTC additionally works way to– entryway paratransit benefit for the elderly and impaired, known as Wheel–Trans. The TTC is the most vigorously utilized urban mass travel framework in all of Canada, and the third biggest in North America, after the New York City Transit Authority and Mexico City Metro The admission accumulation framework is a key interface between a travel office and its travelers. It straightforwardly influences the manner by which travelers encounter and see the travel organization and its administrations. By and large, the travel traveler expects an admission framework that: is quick, straightforward and use, with dependable passage exchanges; offers installment choices that suit their specific travel ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 55. Toronto's Public Transit System Analysis Toronto's public transit system is a mess, and it is about to get much worse. Congestion on Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) buses and subways already stops many Toronto commuters from even considering taking public transit, despite the gridlock on city roads. In 2013, an average of 900,000 daily commuters crowded onto overcrowded buses and subways, according to a TTC operating statistic, further burdening a system that severely failed to keep up with Toronto's population growth. (TTC Operating Budget, 2013) In ten years, the ridership on the Yonge–University–Spadina line jumped from 583,000 people per work day to 711,000. (ibid). With the population of the GTA projected to double, over the next 20 years, another million vehicles will join ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Compounding all this has been a refusal by both the Ontario government and the GTA's municipal councils to impose congestion charges "(user fees/service charges/toll booths/vehicle registration tax) or other measures that would deliver sustained funding for transit expansion. Municipal shares of both operating and capital subsidies for public transit in Canada come primarily from property taxes, supplemented in some cases by special levies on gasoline sales, parking and hydro ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 57. Transit Co Operation Research Program A report published in 2008 titled Transit Co–operation Research Program (TCRP) synthesis 78– based on the survey responses provided by 94 educational institutions – revealed some facts about the transit systems in college and universities (TRB, 2008). The most of the survey respondents were from four–year universities. All of the universities indicated that they have either self–operated transit system or a public transportation office–operated transit system to serve the campus communities. The most of the respondents agreed that the headway was less than 10 minutes for these transit stations in the college. The report showed that 29 transit systems charged no bus fare for students and 26 transit systems charged $1.00 to $1.50 per local bus ride. However, majority of shuttle services for on–campus circulation were offered free to ride. Another interesting fact mentioned in the report was that around 60% of the universities utilized remote park and ride services. The report revealed the fact that many institutions were found to be charging low parking prices to their staffs and faculties. Nine institutions reported to have annual parking fee less than $100. The report also mentioned that this reduced parking price was not supporting the concept of reducing the number of single occupant vehicle (SOV). The report recommended for conducting more research on the safety system, including late night safety and emergencies regarding the transit system. Similarly, the report on ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 59. Caribbean is a Strategic Transit Zone By virtue of its proximity to producers in South America and strong trade links with North and Europe, the Caribbean is a strategic transit zone, a hot spot accounting for an estimated 25–30% of cocaine reaching Europe (IFS, 2012). Its deteriorating economy capitalizes on this trade with pervasive drugfuelled corruption, notoriously by governmental agencies, especially law enforcement and criminal justice networks (Day, 2013, p. 9). Government funding is strapped and institutional capacity has plunged into decay. The Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat, reports restricted budgetary allocations for drug rehabilitation (Evaluation of Progress in Drug Control Report, 2010). A United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime commissioned study in St. Lucia reasons that problems of gang violence and youth "do not originate with cannabis "inebriation" but with the legal prohibitions on cannabis and the enforcement of those prohibitions in a zero tolerance environment" (Day, 2013,p.6 ). In our so–called 'moral' pursuit of a 'drug–free' society, we have only achieved its opposite state where consumption and demand has risen. Human rights have been violated. Disparities have widened. Competing pressing national issues has led to an unrelentingly expensive war that we cannot win. Such a policy has clearly backfired because: – Incarceration costs incur prohibitive costs to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 61. The Reform Of Miami Dade Transit The reform Miami takes three primary factors into account before implementing any kind of reform policy which are: planning, measuring, and monitoring. This practical framework allows them to decipher how spending should be evaluated, how performance should be measured, and how effectiveness should be monitored. There are numerous reforms on a broad spectrum which Miami seeks to take action; however, this paper will hone in specifically on transportation reform. Miami– Dade Transit holds the15th largest public transit system in the United States as well as largest transit agency in the state of Florida. With a little over 2.6 million residents, it is imperative to have an effective transportation system that all residing residents can rely on. Miami initially had a highly ineffective system in place where the Citizens' Independent Transportation Trust (CITT) handled the budget and created projects without any specific overseer (Citizens' Independent Transportation Trust, 2015, p.6). The bureaucratic style committee mimicked the old public management where discretion was a norm and professionals were not held accountable without any performance measurements. In order to strengthen effectiveness, in 2010 a law placed the Board of County Commissioners (BCC), elected by the people, authority over managing the budget and prioritizing the efficiency of different projects proposed by the Citizens' Independent Transportation Trust (CITT) ((Citizens' Independent Transportation ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 63. Jupiter Transit Jupiter Transit in Cancer/ Guru Transit in Karka Rashi on June 19, 2014: Vedic Astrology Transits Jupiter in Cancer/ Guru in Karka Rashi– Jupiter/ Gurū/ Guru moves to Cancer/ Karkaṭa Rāśi/ Karka Rashi on June 19, 2014 in the scheme of Vedic astrology/ Jyotiṣa/ Jyotisha transits/ Gochara, which is also its sign of exaltation, and will therefore alter the impact of its energies for the people of various Ascendants/ Lagnas, Moon Signs/ Cañdra Rāśi/ Chandra or Janma Rashi and Ārūḍha/ Arudha Lagna accordingly. Outer planets– The outer or the slow moving planets are a significant, even overarching presence in any horoscope in Vedic astrology and their transits also represent considerable shifts in energies and Karma which influence us at ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Dig of the Graha shows the direction indicated by the planet and since Jupiter is all about perspective and wisdom, it has Digbala in the Lagna which indicates the head and the personality. The other Graha related to rationality and intelligence, Budha/ Mercury also attains 100% Digbala/ directional strength in the Lagna for this very reason. Exalted Gurū/ Guru in the Lagna should be considered with reference to the horoscope of Bhagwāna Śrī Rāma/ Bhagwan Shri Rama who had Gurū/ Guru exalted in the natal Lagna in the Rāśi/ Rashi Chakra. So with this transit, the message from the Jātaka/ Jataka of the Viṣṇu Avatāra/ Vishnu Avatara, or the teaching is that we must aspire to the highest morality and the highest value system. Cancer Ascendant will do well to abide by this. The position might be different for those who have Karkaṭa Ārūḍha Lagna/ Karka Arudha in the Rāśi Chakra because some misconceptions about the world of Māya/ Maya if existing, will be quickly dispensed with by this Gochara. Ārūḍha Padas are about creation, and reflection of the qualities harboured by the various Bhāvas/ Bhavas/ houses when reckoned from the Lagna. Jupiter is not really about creation but about preservation and sustenance and so in Karka Ārūḍha Lagna there will some confrontation with the truth which will be required but then Jupiter will furnish tremendous energies for the upliftment of the social and financial persona in society during this transit. Simha Lagna/ ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 65. Improving Toronto's Public Transit System Expository Essay Toronto must further improve its public transit system. Firstly, improving transit reduces commute time as well as the amount of cars that are on the road. Secondly, people depend on public transit so an improvement would be a great convenience for many people. Lastly, the improvement of public transit will create less pollution in Toronto. Improving transit will reduce commute time and amount of cars on the road. Toronto is ranked 47th worst traffic in the world. This means that Toronto has a real traffic problem. We must improve the system. This means, having better bus routes and more buses, more subway lines. Toronto currently has only 4 subway lines. This is nothing compared to New York with 34 lines. If our transit ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 67. Pierce Transit BOARD DEVELOPMENTPLAN The Pierce Transit Board of Commissioners and executive leadership of the Agency are committed to the success of the transit system. Both the Board and staff are dedicated to stabilizing the organization and the transit service after a long and devastating economic downturn that has resulted in significant service loss, a reduction in service area, and multiple restructures of the Agency's business functions and staff. After many years, the Board composition was restructured to include a majority representation by small cities. Tacoma and Pierce County both lost a seat and as a result, there has been a shift in the Board's philosophy which has generated a divergence in views and priorities. Because of the philosophical ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Advancing the work of the Agency has become unpredictable, there is a difference in opinion on the proper role of Board members and the CEO, and there appears to be a strong difference in how to address these issues between Board members. Frequently these differences are played out in public, which contributes to a sense of uncertainty for the organization and at times, undermines the ability of the CEO and Executive Staff to effectively motivate and direct the Agency's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 69. Transit Space After The Diavolo Performance The interests of the theatrical criticism should involve telling the arts done by dancers, communicating their message, and appraising their arts. The fundamental components of the art of dance are based on the operations that the critic can perform. Some of them include the description of the dance, the feeling, interpretation of the message, as well as the contextual explanation of the dance. The transit space is one of the arts through dance that explores various themes that captures modes of culture in powerful ways. Tuesday, January 27, 2015 on the Eisenhower Auditorium I enjoyed watching Diavolo performance. This paper presents the dance performance critique of the transit space after the Diavolo concert. The paper also presents an analysis ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Through the influence of the Dogtown and Z–Boys documentary, Transit Space explores the themes of feeling lost, coming together, and finding the sense of purpose. Under the choreography of Leandro Damasco Jr., who had has performed in various concerts in the New York City; the movements explored freedom and senses of peace. The performers of the Transit Space included Leandro Damasco Jr. himself, Ana Carolina Brotons, Cal T. Chester, Ezra Masse–Mahar, Chelsea Pierce, Jessie Ryan, Connor Senning, Chisa Yamaguchi, Amy Tuley, and Rico Velazquez. All of the performers named above were, after successful spells in various places found and were found by the Diavolo. Afterwards their love for the interaction of movement and performances created a powerful artistically values at the concert. Under the stern and artistic direction of Jacques Heim, Diavolo, which she found in 1992, has undergone through transformative choreographies. Heim has been the company choreographer for more than 20 years, and has directed the company with distinct style. The venue was at the Music Center, Los Angeles. The Transit Space was commissioned by the Center for the Performing Arts at the Penn State, and premiered in 2012 at the Penn State's Eisenhower ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 71. The Need to Measure Transit System Performance The necessity to measure transit system performance along with its different dimensions has led to the development of a large number of quantitative performance indicators. Nevertheless, depending upon the specific indicator assessed, one can reach to different conclusions regarding performance. Furthermore, though performance and scale economies are closely related issues, they have been generally examined separately in the transit literature. There have been significant amounts of research undertaken in order to examine the transit system performance, and in turn of assessing the performance based on such methods but the two characteristics underline the work. First, due to heterogeneity in getting different relationships between efficiency and effectiveness, system performance, existence of scale of economies and various such issues, the conclusion which have come out of different studies is not same. In other words there are conflicting conclusions. Even researchers are not using the data which is provided by NTD (National Transit Data base) and as a result the comparability of findings across researches is questionable. A second problem arises because researches have been using cross section–time series data from largely heterogeneous systems and have introduced a size–related bias in their results (Berechman, 1993). Tomazinis (1977) specified a set of indicators in order to measure the public transit systems's performance. His measurement was built on three bases; ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 73. Research Paper On Venus Transit The transit of Venus, seen from Earth as a small, dark disk crossing over the sun, is one of the rarest astronomical events to ever witness. If you missed it back in 2012 then chances are you'll never see it again in your lifetime. In order for the transit to happen, Venus' orbit has to align just right so that the planet is positioned exactly between the Earth and the sun. The transit has helped astronomers learn more about Venus' atmosphere, the width of the sun, the size of the solar system, and it has helped to figure out exactly how long an astronomical unit (AU) is. Different filters on telescopes were used to capture the different lights emitted from the sun during the Venus transit. A white–light telescope filtered only to decrease ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 75. Oral Transit Stage Oral Transit Phase: The oral transit phase is initiated when the bolus is prepared to be propelled back into the oropharynx by the posterior movement of the tongue. The purpose of this phase is to propel the bolus back in the pharynx to trigger the swallow reflex. This phase lasts for less than 1 to 1.5 seconds to complete (Logemann, 1997). The bolus is formed and prepared. At this point, the tongue tip is elevated at the alveolar ridge while the bolus is held against the hard palate (Groher & Crary, 2010). The midline of the tongue progressively moves anteriorly to posteriorly forcing the bolus to propel to the back (Logemann, 1997). This movement of the tongue is known as the stripping action. The retraction of the tongue is carried ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... If sensory input is impaired during this phase there will likely be a disconnect with the swallowing and breathing system which could cause impaired timing allowing for food to go into the airway while the airway is not being protected (Cichero, 2006). Further, sensory input is used to determine the volume of the bolus. Volume is the most important variable in changing the normal pharyngeal stage of swallowing in its timing and coordination (Logemann, 2014). The pharyngeal trigger initiates velopharyngeal closure (muscles in Appendix A) so food will not go up the nose. Moreover, the pharyngeal trigger initiates the tongue base movement to touch the posterior pharyngeal wall and the movement of the lateral pharyngeal wall to move to meet the base of the tongue (Logemann, 2014). Because of this velopharyngeal closure a buildup of pressure is accumulated in the pharynx. The elevation of the hyoid bone and larynx contribute to the closure of the airway (Cichero, 2006). As the posterior tongue and the posterior pharyngeal wall move towards each other to make contact, pressure builds allowing the bolus to move more efficiently. The bolus is split and goes around into the pyriform sinuses where the bolus is directed and pushed downward into the pharyngeal constrictors (Cichero, 2006). When the bolus enters the pharynx, the superior, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77. The Ottawa Light Rail Transit The Ottawa Light Rail Transit Project Introduction: The roadways of Ottawa, Ontario have been become battered and congested due to the poor infrastructure of public transit. There have been many proposed temporary short term solutions for the issue such as toll roads, public transit route optimization and rapid road rehabilitation. But ultimately, the plan is to implement an expansion to the Ottawa Light Rail Transit (OLRT) system and widen Highway 417. There are many requirements in order to achieve such a task so, this report will outline the guidelines of the procurement processes after issuing the Request for Proposal (RFP) for the OLRT project from the City of Ottawa. The City of Ottawa's first RFP was published October 27, 2011 [XX11]. The report stated that a private sector team began preliminary research for the expansion of the OLRT system in September of 2010 following the approval of Federal and Provincial government funding before the initial procurement process was issued. The project adopts a Design, Build, Finance, and Maintenance (DBFM) model which allows multiple companies to place a bid on the RFP. With many options the city is then open to make a choice the contract which will be reported on in the upcoming (sections). Following the RFP, the City of Ottawa must choose a contract for the post. The RFP outlines the the procurement process and states that the purchase of construction services must be in accordance to the City of Ottawa's Purchasing ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 79. First Transit Job Analysis I thought that I had found the job of my dreams, and possibly my career. A job where everything was perfect and I progressed quickly, but an unexpected turn of events quickly proved me wrong. I went from having an awesome office job to being unemployed; however, having to find a new start proved to be more beneficial than I expected. My first job at First Transit was everything I wanted and more. For starters, it was located in my home town of Church Point, and the pay was above average for the area. The ideal nine to five schedule was also a plus. As a customer service representative I was doing what I loved, helping people. I quickly moved up to a supervisor position which enabled me to travel. I visited the different regions of Louisiana with covered expenses that included: hotel, food, and travel. To my surprise an unexpected turn of events was about to take place. First Transit, the job of my dreams, abruptly came to an end. I did not know that the company I worked for was actually contracted through The Department of Health and Hospitals. At the time of renewal First Transit lost their bid for a new contract, as a result, my coworkers and I were left unemployed. I was unemployed for about six months before I found work, and that was a very depressing time for me. I felt as though I had failed; ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... I was informed that with having only a high school education, I could apply for substitute teaching. Also, I had to successfully pass their pre–employment test. I scheduled the exam and past! Immediately, I was placed on the substitute list and began working. I was relieved that I had found employment but needed more stability. My sister, a Head Start teacher, informed me of an opening through her job as an aid for special needs children. I applied and was interviewed quickly being that I was already employed through the school board. I was hired and began working as a full time ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...