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Adjective notes


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Adjective notes

  1. 1. Adjectives
  2. 2. What is an Adjective? <ul><li>An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: A heavy rainstorm soaked the campsite. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The thirty students piled into the crowded room. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Adjectives answer 3 questions. <ul><li>What kind? </li></ul><ul><li>Which one? </li></ul><ul><li>How many? </li></ul>What kind? green backpack spicy stew Which one or ones? last hamburger third hike How many or how much? two flashlights many insects
  4. 4. Predicate Adjectives <ul><li>A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the verb’s subject . The linking verb connects the predicate adjective with the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: A volcanic eruption is violent . </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The lava looks very thick. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Proper Adjectives <ul><li>A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun. Proper adjectives are always capitalized. </li></ul>Proper Noun Proper Adjective China Chinese food Ireland Irish cookies Africa African beads
  6. 6. Demonstrative Adjectives <ul><li>The demonstrative adjectives this , that , these , and those are the same as demonstrative pronouns but they are used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: This apartment needs furniture. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Can you pick up those shoes? </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrative adjective or pronoun? </li></ul><ul><li>Those are my shoes on the table. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Comparison of Adjectives <ul><li>The original form of the word is the positive form. </li></ul><ul><li>An adjective that compares one noun to another uses the comparative form. </li></ul><ul><li>An adjective that compares three or more nouns to another uses the superlative form. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Sean is tall. (positive) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Sean is taller than Crystal.(comparative) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Sean is the tallest in the class. (superlative) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Comparison of Adjectives # of syllables Positive Form Comparative Form Superlative Form 1 syllable fast faster fastest 2 syllables active more active most active 2 syllables ending with a –y. friendly friendlier friendliest 3 syllables or more efficient more efficient most efficient
  9. 9. How to Make an Adjective Comparative or Superlative <ul><li>Comparative: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add er to most one-syllable adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ad er to many two-syllable adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place more (or less ) before many two-syllable adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some adjectives totally change form (good/better, bad/worse) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Superlative: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add est to most one-syllable adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add est to many two-syllable adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place most (or least ) before many two-syllable adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place most (or least ) before many three-syllable adjectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some adjectives totally change form (good/best, bad, worst) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Write the Comparative and Superlative Form Adjective Comparative Superlative adequate loud narrow busy green sympathetic difficult greedy