Lesson Objectives: This lesson will introduce how to identify adverbs in sentences. We will come to understand their functions in composition and reading comprehension. VA SOL objective: 7.9 The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, sentence structure, and paragraphing. a) Use a variety of graphic organizers, including sentence diagrams, to analyze and improve sentence formation and paragraph structure. b) Demonstrate understanding of sentence formation by identifying the eight parts of speech and their functions in sentences.
What are adverbs? An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Why do we need adverbs? Adverbs answer the following questions: Where? When? How? How often? How long? Tow hat extent? How much?
Words often used as adverbsthat answer… Away, here, inside, there, upWhere? Later, now, soon, then, tomorrowWhen? Clearly, easily, quietly, slowlyHow?How often? Always, usually, continually, never, forever, brieflyHow long?To what extent? Almost, so, too, more, least, extremely, quite, very, notHow much?
Adverb or Adjective? Adverbs are oftentimes adjectives with –ly added to the end. Examples: Clear, clearly Quiet, quietly Loud, loudlyWhich one’s which?
October 6, 2009, interactive notebook page 15. Read what’s written below, thenopen your Language book to page 535 and fill in the blanks for Review A inNorth of today’s date. You only need to write the word. When you finish turn topage 530 and complete 1-10, even. Follow the directions. Sometimes adjectives and adverbs compare (point out similarities and differences between or among) words in a sentence. The positive degree is used when at least one thing is being described. Her suitcase is heavy. Comparative adjectives and adverbs makes a comparison between two words or phrases. My suitcase is heavier than yours. Superlative adjectives and adverbs imply superior quality or standing, and are used when three or more things or groups of things are being compared. Ralph’s suitcase is the heaviest of all.
Here are some examples: Rick is the _________________ (fast, superlative) runner on the track team. Katie works______________ (comparative) quickly than Beth does. Dogs are ___________________ (good, comparative) than cats are, but dolphins are the ___________ (good, superlative) of them all.
How do we make comparative and superlativemodifiers? Most one syllable words form the comparative degree by adding –er, and most superlative are formed by adding – est. Both adjectives and adverbs show their degrees of comparison in the same way.
Two and three syllablecomparisons: Two- syllable comparisons are made by adding –er or by using more The superlative is formed by adding –est or most. Three sylablle comparisons are made by using more or most.
Irregular comparisons:Positive Comparative SuperlativeBad Worse WorstFar Farther or Farthest or further furthestGood Better BestWell Better BestMany More MostMuch More most
Now for a round of grammarvortex….And then grammar ro