Adjectives

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Adjectives

  1. 1.  Noun adjectives are noun used to modify another noun.  Most noun and noun combinations result in compound nouns.  Noun adjectives may either be Proper or Common. NOUN ADJECTIVES WORD MODIDFIED COMPOUND NOUN school building school building table cloth tablecloth Filipino merchant Filipino merchant Chinese restaurant Chinese restaurant Common noun adjectives Proper noun adjective
  2. 2.  A participle is a verb in the participial form (verbal) used to modify a noun. PARTICIPLE (Present) WORDD MODIDFIED PARTICIPLE (Past) WORDD MODIFIED Teaching Method Solicited Advice Standing Ovation Accumulated Assets Listening Audience Roasted Pork Walking Doll Sliced Bread
  3. 3.  Limiting adjectives are adjectives that modify nouns by signaling their number. ✎ Articles are noun determiners that signal sounds. ♛ a – Indicates singularity of noun. - Used before words that begin with a consonant.  a broom / a garage / a green apple ♕ an – indicates singularity of noun. - Used before words that begin with a consonant.  an apple / an old broom / an umbrella / an hour
  4. 4. ♕ the – is used before a definite singular or plural noun.  the man / the lawyer / the guests / the report / the dogs  Here is the book I mentioned to you last week.  As I was walking to work I passed a garden. The garden was full of roses.
  5. 5. NUMERICAL adjectives are adjectives that tell specific number of nouns.  one section / two boys / three questions / eight puppies / fourteen friends / ten children  first question / third year / second attempt / fifth classes / third fastest / six in line
  6. 6. INDEFINITE adjectives are adjectives that indicate an uncertain number of nouns  several children / many students / some questions / few classes
  7. 7.  also called pointing words because they used to point to something o this – used to refer to singular object near the speaker o that – is used to point to singular objects far from the speaker o these – is used to point to plural objects near the speaker o those – is used to point to plural objects far from the speaker
  8. 8.  Question words which are at the same time used to modify a noun.  which  what coat is Paul's? CD is Sarah listening to?
  9. 9.  adjectives that look like pronouns but are used to signal the occurrence of nouns by showing possession or ownership.  my pen / our report / our hobbies / our concern / his opinion / her project / their agreement / my dream
  10. 10.  are groups of words treated as one word in describing a noun or pronoun. HYPHENATEDD COMPOUND ADJECTIVES WORD MODIFIED Made-to-order shoes Eco-friendly campus Six-year old child Three-day seminar
  11. 11.  A compound adjective is formed when two or more adjectives are joined together to modify the same noun. These terms should be hyphenated to avoid confusion or ambiguity.  Diana submitted a 6-page document.  She adopted a two-year-old cat.  Note that combining an adverb and an adjective does not create a compound adjective. No hyphen is required because it is already clear that the adverb modifies the adjective rather than the subsequent noun.  It was a terribly hot day.  It is an amazingly good idea.  In addition, you should not place a hyphen in a compound adjective if the adjectives are capitalized, such as when they are part of a title.

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