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Gender Lecture Mens Health


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Gender Lecture Mens Health

  1. 2. Sex , Gender and Identity Gender and sex are not the same Sex is biological and determined by XX or XY
  2. 3. Genetics <ul><li>Y chromosome determines male characteristics and teste formation </li></ul><ul><li>Y  testes,hormones(T) and secondary male sex characteristics </li></ul>
  3. 4. Gender <ul><li>Learned attitudes and </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Based on social and cultural expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Not physical qualities </li></ul><ul><li>These characterize males and females </li></ul><ul><li>Usually of one sex or another </li></ul>
  4. 5. Gender identity <ul><li>Social context and parenting define or model gender identity </li></ul><ul><li>“ gendered behavior” </li></ul><ul><li>At school </li></ul><ul><li>From family </li></ul><ul><li>At home </li></ul><ul><li>At work </li></ul><ul><li>Within society </li></ul>
  5. 6. Gendered roles <ul><li>What a specific society expects of a particular sex ( M or F) </li></ul><ul><li>Influences from </li></ul><ul><li>religion </li></ul><ul><li>SES ( socioeconomic status) </li></ul><ul><li>ethnicity </li></ul>
  6. 7. Summarized <ul><li>Sex —genetic, morphologic, and function </li></ul><ul><li>Gender ---------- learned characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Gender identity —our concept of our own gender </li></ul><ul><li>Gender roles --- what we actually do and our actions </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Nature! vs. 2) nurture! Are we a biological product of our environment or a product of anatomy </li></ul>Nature Nurture innate Learned Biological/physiological Psychological heredity Environmental Fixed Changeable
  8. 10. Nature male biology produces Testosterone, as determined by XY Higher male infant mortality More male genetic disorders Differences in smell, taste, thought Higher mortality at most ages
  9. 11. Nurture as determined by social and parenting Gender roles identity Sexual orientation? ( may be mostly biological!)
  10. 12. In most cases <ul><li>Gender and sex same </li></ul><ul><li>In agreement with societal norms </li></ul><ul><li>In transsexuals, gender identity out of sync with biological sex </li></ul><ul><li>Due to circulating hormone levels, in mom or fetus </li></ul><ul><li>Brain morphology variants </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by chemical initiators /hormonal mimics </li></ul>
  11. 13. Sex Orientation attraction unrelated to roles, sex I.D., identity Sexual ID genetics Male female Pick one Gender ID nurture M F Pick one Gender role What we do M F Pick one Sex Orientation Attracted to? M F Pick one
  12. 14. Transgendered <ul><li>Either XX or XY </li></ul><ul><li>Feel and identify with the opposite sex </li></ul><ul><li>Believe they as individuals should have been other sex </li></ul><ul><li>Attraction variable </li></ul><ul><li>May not be actual transsexual </li></ul><ul><li>Culure,social,nurture connotations </li></ul>
  13. 15. Intersexed <ul><li>Individuals have indistinct sexual features </li></ul><ul><li>May require surgical modifications </li></ul><ul><li>May have duplicate or vestigial genitals </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary characteristics vary </li></ul>
  14. 16. Ways to study men: Biological Model Genes Hormones Function development Anthropolocical Model Evolution Cross species study Sociological model Society Family culture Psychological model Motivation Attitudes Evolutionary psychology
  15. 17. Examples <ul><li>Hormonal influences on wiring and cognition (Biological) </li></ul><ul><li>Risk taking, aggression, </li></ul><ul><li>Or maybe these are selective pressures to mate more often ( anthropological) </li></ul><ul><li>Or societal ( social) or (psychological) </li></ul>
  16. 18. Feminists vs. Evolutionary biologists/psychologists <ul><li>Feminists favor nurture </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive male </li></ul><ul><li>Biologists favor nature? </li></ul><ul><li>Survival male? </li></ul>