Lecture ppt ch3

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Lecture ppt ch3

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Ecology of the Family
  2. 2. In my very own self, I am part of my family. D.H. Lawrence
  3. 3. Family Systems
  4. 4. Family Structures  Nuclear family   Husband, a wife, and their children Extended family  Relatives of the nuclear family who are economically and emotionally dependent on each other
  5. 5. Family Structures  Family of orientation   The family into which one is born Family of procreation  The family that develops when one marries and has children
  6. 6. Family Structures  Matriarchal family   Patriarchal family   A family in which the mother has formal authority and dominance A family in which the father has formal authority and dominance Egalitarian family  A family in which both sides of the extended family are regarded as equal
  7. 7. Family Functions      Reproduction Socialization/education Assignment of social roles Economic support Nurturance/emotional support
  8. 8. Family Transitions
  9. 9. Structural        Divorced families Single-parent and joint custody Kin custody Stepfamilies Single-parent families Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender families Adoptive families
  10. 10. Divorce  Effect on children depends on     Age and gender Custody arrangements Emotional support Binuclear family  A family pattern in which children are part of two homes and two family groups
  11. 11. Custody  Single-Parent Custody    Single-parents can experience economic, emotional, physical strain Joint Custody Kin Custody  Children raised by relatives other than parents, the most common being grandparents raising grandchildren
  12. 12. Functional Family Changes
  13. 13. Changes Over Time        Reproduction Socialization/education Assignment of social roles Authority patterns Economic support Dual-earner families Nurturance/emotional support
  14. 14. Macrosystem Influences
  15. 15. Socioeconomic Status  Ascribed status   Social class, rank, or position determined by family lineage, gender, birth order, or skin color Achieved status  Social class, rank, or position determined by education, occupation, income, and/or place of residence
  16. 16. Socioeconomic Status  Socioeconomic status      Rank or position within a society, based on social and economic factors Upper class Middle class Lower class Underclass
  17. 17. Socioeconomic Effects     Children’s socialization experiences vary by socioeconomic class. Different socialization experiences result in different outcomes. Family Stress Model Extended Investment Model
  18. 18. Social Causation Theoretical Model   Family Stress Model-negative influence on socialization Extended Investment Model-higher socioeconomic status promotes well being
  19. 19. Cultural Orientation Parents socialize children to adapt to life in their particular society by encouraging the development of those qualities and characteristics required for their expected adult roles according to their specific cultural orientation.
  20. 20. Religious Orientation  Religion   A unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things Religion provides an ideology that enables individuals to comprehend events.
  21. 21. Chronosystem Influences
  22. 22. Chronosystem Influences  Sociopolitical Changes      Immigration Policies Foreign Policies Domestic Policies Economic Changes Technological Changes
  23. 23. Family Empowerment
  24. 24. Family Empowerment  Empowerment  Enabling individuals to have control over resources affecting them

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