Parents’ Sexual Orientation And Child Outcomes

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Parents’ Sexual Orientation And Child Outcomes

  1. 1. Parents’ Sexual Orientation and Child Outcomes Is either better or worse?
  2. 2. History of the Research
  3. 3. Need to develop legal policy
  4. 4. Early Studies
  5. 5. Problems with the Research <ul><li>Social Prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul>(Stacey & Biblarz, 2001)
  6. 6. Research now Birth Adopted
  7. 7. Sexual/Gender Identity Formation
  8. 8. <ul><li>“ are not more likely to be gay than children with heterosexual parents. “ </li></ul><ul><li>“ do not show differences in whether they think of themselves as male or female (gender identity) or behaviors (gender role)” </li></ul><ul><li>American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry / ACLU / APA </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ experience homosexuality as their first sexual encounter.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ are at a greater risk than children of heterosexual parents for becoming homosexual or bisexual.” </li></ul><ul><li>Family Research Institute / American Family Association </li></ul><ul><li>American College of Pediatricians / Focus on the Family </li></ul>
  10. 10. Social / Emotional Adjustment
  11. 11. <ul><li>are as well adjusted as children with heterosexual parents </li></ul><ul><li>are not more likely than children of heterosexual parents to develop emotional or behavioral problems. </li></ul><ul><li>are not more likely than children of heterosexual parents to experience difficulties in personal development (including personality, self-concept, and conduct). </li></ul><ul><li>American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry / ACLU / APA </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>are more apt to be embarrassed by their homosexual parent(s), and be teased and taunted by their peers. </li></ul><ul><li>are more likely than children of heterosexual parents to develop emotional or behavioral problems. </li></ul><ul><li>are more likely than children of heterosexual parents to do poorly in school, get in trouble with the law, and become dysfunctional parents themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Family Research Institute / American Family Association </li></ul><ul><li>American College of Pediatricians / Focus on the Family </li></ul>
  13. 13. Victimization
  14. 14. “ Homosexual Parents are more sexually promiscuous and more likely to molest their own children” Wardle (1997)
  15. 15. “ There is no evidence that homosexual parents abuse their children to a greater degree than heterosexual parents” Kimmel (2008)
  16. 16. Children of homosexual parents and teenager experiences
  17. 17. Findings No differences (Wainwright & Patterson, 2006)
  18. 18. Substance Abuse
  19. 19. <ul><li>find no notable differences between children reared by heterosexual parents and those reared by homosexual parents </li></ul><ul><li>Stacey, J. & Biblarz, T. J. (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Children are at greater risk of losing a homosexual parent to substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Children are more likely to abuse substances due to the confusion their parents are creating because of their confusion over their own gender and sexual identity </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron, P. & Cameron, K. (1996) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Delinquency
  21. 21. <ul><li>Evidence indicates that children of lesbian and gay parents have normal social relationships with their peers and adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Children of gay and lesbian parents enjoy a social life that is typical of their age group in terms of involvement with peers, parents, family members and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Children might find a way to escape because they might feel embarrassed of having a homosexual parent which hinders their relationships with peers  </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron, P. & Cameron, K. (1996) </li></ul>
  22. 22. A more significant predictor Parent-Child Relationship (Wainwright & Patterson, 2006)

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