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Art Movements Throughout European History

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Art Movements Throughout European History

  1. 1. Art Movements Throughout European History Andrea Cabrera Mrs. Davis AP Euro, Block 3 2008
  2. 2. Timeline Renaissance Realism Impressionism Rococo Baroque Gothic Cubism Neoclassicism Romanticism Post-Impressionism Futurism Fauvism Surrealism Abstract-Expressionism Op Art Pop Art Dada Mid. Ages Expressionism Photorealism 1000 1400-1500 1800 1700 1600 1900 1950
  3. 3. Middle Ages <ul><li>Themes : Feudalism, Roman Catholic Church, Crusades, and the Battle of Hastings </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : Elicits fear, guilt and piety </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : Italy, Constantinople, the RCC, Monasteries </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : religious, iconic, transcendental </li></ul>
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  5. 5. Gothic: 12 th -16 th c. <ul><li>Themes : Focus on God and His glorification, and the end of the Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : flying buttresses, dark monastic buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : developed in France, then spread throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : dark, detailed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gothic Back
  7. 7. Italian Renaissance: 14 th -16 th c. <ul><li>Themes : Individualism, worldly experience </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : classicism, perspective, human figures, and myths </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : Venice and Florence </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael, Titian, Bellini, Brunelleschi </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : “man is the measure,” secular, individual </li></ul>
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  9. 9. Northern Renaissance: 14 th -16 th c. <ul><li>Themes : salvation and religious piety </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : movable (triptych) and produced copies by the printing press (right) </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : Flanders and Northern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Durer, Bosch, Van Eyck, Brueghel, Grunewald, Holbein </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : religious, Christian Humanism </li></ul>
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  11. 11. Baroque: 1545-1715 <ul><li>Themes : “Return” to the Catholic Church and the power of monarchs </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : mystery, dramatization, bold </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : Spain, Rome, Middle-class Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Caravaggio, Bernini, Bruegel, Bosch, Velasquez </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : “sexy,” Catholic Reformation, Council of Trent, monarch </li></ul>
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  13. 13. Rococo: 18 th c. <ul><li>Themes : Extravagance and wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : appeal to royals and nobles, light, and ornate </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : France and Austria, Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Fragonard, Boucher, and Watteau </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : Frivolous, ornate, self-indulgence </li></ul>Back
  14. 14. Neoclassicism: 18 th c. <ul><li>Themes : Return to classical antiquity </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : Formal, imperial style and imitation of Greek and Roman art </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : mainly France (Napoleon, right) </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : David and Ingres </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : Napoleon, Greece/Rome, imperial </li></ul>
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  16. 16. Romanticism: 1780s-1848 <ul><li>Themes : Emotion, passion, and revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : passionate, dark color and a return to nature </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : France, England, and Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Goya, Constable, Delacroix, Turner, Gericault </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : emotional, loss of youth, mysterious, passion </li></ul>
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  18. 18. Realism: Mid-19 th c. <ul><li>Themes : Rejection of Romanticism, and the depiction of everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : subjects were common people and landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : the Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Courbet, Millet, Daumier </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : reality, everyday, revolution </li></ul>
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  20. 20. Impressionism: 19 th c. <ul><li>Themes : fleeting and brief word of a first impression based on light and the sudden moment </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : short, choppy, light brushstrokes and en plein aire (outdoors) </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : France </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Monet, Renoir, Manet, Cezanne </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : vibrant, little detail, light, glimpse </li></ul>
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  22. 22. Post-Impressionism: 19 th c. <ul><li>Themes : represented impressionism, but rejected its limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : studied depth, sometimes more detailed than impressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : France </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Cezanne, Seurat, van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : depth, structure, pointillism (next slide) </li></ul>
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  24. 24. Expressionism: Early 20 th c. <ul><li>Themes : Indebted to Freud; analyzing psyche </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : dissonance in color and perspective, and messages of anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : Germany, Spain, France, Russia, Norway, Holland </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Munch, Kirchner, Kokoschka, Beckmann, Van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : anxiety, Freud, dark </li></ul>
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  26. 26. Fauvism: c. 1905 <ul><li>Themes : Color was the main subject </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : color takes importance over lines or subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : France, Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Matisse, some Van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : COLOR </li></ul>
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  28. 28. Cubism: c. 1910 <ul><li>Themes : synthesized view of subject, represented some African characteristics and new theories (relativity) </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : fragmented subject, cubes </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : France </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Picasso, Braque, Leger, Delaunay </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : angular, fragmentation, square (as in the shape) </li></ul>
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  30. 30. Futurism: Early 20 th c. <ul><li>Themes : speed and power of the machine , restlessness of modern life </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : subjects of modern life, depicts speed </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : mainly Italy and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Boccioni, followed by Balla and Severini </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : speed, machine, industrial, urban </li></ul>
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  32. 32. Dada Art: 1915-1922 <ul><li>Themes : focus on the absurd, reaction to WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : techniques of accident and chance creating art </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : Switzerland, NYC, Paris, and large German cities </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Duchamp, Arp, Ray </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : ready-made, absurd, illogical </li></ul>
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  34. 34. Surrealism: Late 19 th -20 th c. <ul><li>Themes : expression of the imagination in dreams, lack of reason </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : incorporated ideals of Freud and Marx </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : Norway, Holland, Spain, Germany, Spain, France, Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Dali, Magritte, Delvaux </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : dreams, subconscious, illogical, out of hysteria </li></ul>Back
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  36. 36. Abstract Expressionism: 20 th c. <ul><li>Themes : nonrepresentational, shape, line, color </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : planes, shapes, and color </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : US, many immigrants from Europe, shift from Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Pollock, Rothko, Kline, de Kooning </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : ABSTRACT, subjective interpretation </li></ul>
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  38. 38. Pop Art: Mid-to-Late 20 th c <ul><li>Themes : bitterness out of WWI, pop culture </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : Random objects, use of dry humor </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : US </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Warhol, Odenburg, Rauschenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : post-war, everyday objects, iconic </li></ul>
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  40. 40. Op Art: Mid-20 th c. <ul><li>Themes : geometric abstract, illusion </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : patterns, lines, checkerboard, circles </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : US and throughout Europe (next slide is in Hungary) </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Vasarely, Riley, Poons </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : optical illusions, patterns, playing with the eye and mind </li></ul>
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  42. 42. Photorealism: 1960s and 70s <ul><li>Themes : depiction of photography, interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : painting of a photo, should look like a photograph </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Influence : US, Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Artists : Estes, Close </li></ul><ul><li>Word Association : photo, everyday streets or objects </li></ul>
  43. 43. The End!!!

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