Art Powerpoint


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Art Powerpoint

  1. 1. Chapter 16: The Renaissance & Chapter 17: The 17 th and 18 th Centuries
  2. 2. The Renaissance: A new time for painters and artists <ul><li>Through Middle Ages, painters considered a common trade worker. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of the Renaissance (roughly 1400-1600) regarded painters very highly. </li></ul><ul><li>The way art looked, the people it attracted, the way it was thought about, the position of artists in society – they all changed. </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo: “In Italy great princes as such are not held in honor or renown; it is a painter that they call divine.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Importance of the Church and God <ul><li>People believed their obligations to God was to realize their full intellectual and creative abilities. </li></ul><ul><li>The nude body reappeared in art, considered to be the noblest of God’s creations. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Donatello: Revolutionizing Sculpting <ul><li>Middle Age sculptors sculpted exactly what they saw on the outside – face, clothing, limbs, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Donatello designed his sculptors to be that the body was the framework of the piece. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the first artists to use the technique of creating a full-scale model of a nude figure in clay, draped it with clay-soaked linens. This created very realistic looking clothing. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Greek and Roman Gods in Renaissance Art
  6. 6. Renaissance revolutions in technique and materials <ul><li>Lorenzo Ghiberti and Massacio innovated showing the illusion of depth and using architecture as a canvas in relief sculpting and painting respectfully. </li></ul><ul><li>Massacio often used a triangular organization for his artworks that became a favorite device of Italian Renaissance Artists. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil paint was created in northern Europe in the mid-Renaissance era, replacing tempera as the most popular painting medium in most areas. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Leonardo da Vinci <ul><li>Talents stemmed beyond art and considered by many to the greatest genius to have ever lived. </li></ul><ul><li>Often had problems finishing his pieces and many of his most ambitious works were left unfinished. </li></ul><ul><li>Composition of his works often suggest theological meanings. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Madonna and Child with </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Anne </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul>
  9. 9. Michelangelo <ul><li>His name means “Archangel Michael” and to many artists is scarcely less than a heavenly being. </li></ul><ul><li>Born and raised in Caprese, where he was reportedly scolded and beaten by his father for spending too much time drawing. </li></ul><ul><li>Considered himself a sculptor above all else and did extensive anatomical studies through the study of cadavers. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Michelangelo: David <ul><li>Renaissance qualities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standing readiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facial expression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contemporary Florentines found David to be a fitting emblem for their small but proud city… </li></ul>
  11. 11. Michelangelo: Sistine Chapel <ul><li>Vaulted ceiling 128 feet long, 44 feet wide and was 700 square yards. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized in squares, rectangles and triangles. </li></ul><ul><li>Depict Old Testament stories, Greek and Roman mythology </li></ul>
  12. 12. Michelangelo: Creation of Adam <ul><li>Based on the biblical book of Genesis </li></ul><ul><li>The focal point is the hands </li></ul>
  13. 13. Giorgione <ul><li>The Tempest </li></ul><ul><li>Important contribution to Renaissance art in the way it is composed </li></ul><ul><li>The subject is the approaching storm </li></ul>
  14. 14. Titian <ul><li>Fete Champetre </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait of Ranuccio Farnese </li></ul><ul><li>The Annunciation </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Renaissance in the North <ul><li>Switzerland, Germany, northern France, and the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Evolved out of the late Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Fondness of detail </li></ul><ul><li>Painting on panel with the newly developed medium of oil paint. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Northern Artists <ul><li>More concerned with perfection than the Italians </li></ul><ul><li>Much more about how the paintings look than correct structure of bodies </li></ul>“ The Ambassadors” 1533 Hans Holdbein the Younger
  17. 17. Religion and Art <ul><li>Many pieces of art painted during this time were based on religious themes </li></ul><ul><li>Northern religious art generally less peaceful than Italian </li></ul><ul><li>This art would change as the religious ideals of the region changed, many earlier pieces of art were viewed as false idols. </li></ul>“ The Pieta” Willem Key
  18. 18. Late Renaissance in Italy <ul><li>“ High Renaissance” generally agreed to have ended with the death of Raphael in 1520 </li></ul><ul><li>The mannerism style emerged which was less natural, less proportionally drawn, often lacking a clear meaning. </li></ul>“ Madonna with the Long Neck” Parmigianino 1535
  19. 19. Giorgio Vasari <ul><li>Born in Arezzo, Tuscany, in 1511 </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote a biography of Renaissance artists Lives of the Most Excellent Architects, Painters, and Sculptors </li></ul><ul><li>Was an outstanding artist in his own right but did not stand out with peers like Michelangelo and de Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>Deserves a lot of credit for our current knowledge of Renaissance artists </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1574 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Baroque <ul><li>More colorful, action packed than the earlier renaissance pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Gianlorenzo Bernini, leading artist, noted for his painting, also a dramatist, and composer. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Age of Kings <ul><li>At Jamestown- “A Starving Time” </li></ul><ul><li>Europe – “Baroque Era” </li></ul>
  22. 22. Renaissance vs. Baroque Art <ul><li>Full of emotion, energy, and Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Colors are more vivid </li></ul><ul><li>Greater contrast between colors and between light and dark </li></ul><ul><li>Favored ornamentation, wanted things as rich as possible </li></ul>Baroque’s Leading Interpreter: Gianlorenzo Bernini
  23. 23. Gianlorenzo Bernii <ul><li>St. Teresa in Ecstacy </li></ul><ul><li>Made from marble and gilt bronze </li></ul><ul><li>Rods depicting heavenly light </li></ul>
  24. 24. Baroque Painting <ul><li>Artists lighted figures dramatically and plunging backgrounds into shadow </li></ul><ul><li>Artemisia Gentileschi used this in Judith and maidservant with the Head of Holofernes </li></ul>
  25. 25. Caravaggio <ul><li>Invented dramatic way of using light and dark </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the Entombment of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts Crucified Christ being lowered into his grave. </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Raising of the Cross <ul><li>By Peter Paul Rubens </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on Canvas </li></ul><ul><li>He studied the works of Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>Similar-Sharply diagonal composition and dramatic lighting </li></ul>
  27. 27. Baroque Art in France <ul><li>Nicolas Pousson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil on canvas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France used a more restrained, “classical version” of Baroque Style </li></ul>
  28. 28. Louis XIV <ul><li>Made France artistic and literary center of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Palace of Versailles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hall of Mirrors </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Spanish Art a <ul><li>Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez (Oil on canvas) </li></ul><ul><li>Like Caravaggio, used light to create drama and emphasis </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Netherlands <ul><li>Rembrandt and Judith Leyster </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt’s teacher was taught Caravaggio’s lighting techniques </li></ul>
  31. 31. 18 th Century <ul><li>What is “ Rococo ”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extension of the Baroque style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extravagant and ornate, but playful and lighthearted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Originated in France </li></ul></ul>“ Mirror Room” Francois Cuvillies the Elder 1734-39
  32. 32. The Importance of Academies to the Renaissance Period <ul><li>Conservative in nature </li></ul><ul><li>The change from private to public academies </li></ul>
  33. 33. The Revolutions <ul><li>France: Rococo to Neoclassicism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Its official artist: Jacques-Louis David </li></ul></ul>“ The Death of Marat”, 1793 Jacques-Louis David
  34. 34. Revolutions, cont. <ul><li>American </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Master Artist: John Singleton Copley </li></ul></ul>“ Paul Revere” 1768-70 John Singleton Copley
  35. 35. Revolutions, cont. <ul><li>Industrial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Birth of a new social class – the industrial worker </li></ul></ul>“ Manchester, from Kersal Moor” Edward Goodall