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The Spanish Empire


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The Spanish Empire

  1. 1. The Spanish EmpireBetween 1450 & 1800<br />By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 (#50607)<br />
  2. 2. HabsburgSpain<br />What was Habsburg Spain?<br />The House of Habsburg was one of supreme aristocratic royal families in Europe<br />This family was the origin of all of the Holy Roman Emperors that were elected from 1438-1740<br />Many other countries had their rulers, kings, and emperors from the House of Habsburg<br />Austria, Burgundy, Spain, Bohemia, Hungary are some<br />
  3. 3. Habsburg Spain<br />In the 16th century there was a division<br />House of Habsburg split into two parts<br />Dominant: Habsburg Spain<br />Secondary: Habsburg Monarchy<br />The House of Habsburg wanted to control Europe<br />There was significant inbreeding to protect their lineage<br />Habsburg Jaw was a result of inbreeding<br />The inbreeding ultimately caused their extinction through lack of heirs & incapable descendants<br />
  4. 4. Habsburg Spain<br />The long Habsburg line died out in Spain<br />The Spanish line of the House of Habsburg ended with death of Charles II in the 1700’s<br />The control of Spain given away<br /> By French King Louis XIV<br />Control was given to the Bourbon dynasty<br />As the Habsburg line declined, Spain’s Golden Age was gaining momentum<br />Napoleon declared himself emperor and ended the Holy Roman Empire<br />
  5. 5. The Spanish Empire<br />In 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue<br />The kingdom of Spain was established<br />Spain was the most powerful state in Europe<br />Spain was ready for war & exploration<br />A skilled Navy<br />Global ocean exploration opened trade routes<br />A well-trained military ground force<br />Fought in lands known today as Netherlands, Italy, France, Germany, <br />Fought with England, Ottomans, Sweden, and Northern Africa<br />Chief global empire<br />Primary colonial force worldwide<br />
  6. 6. The Spanish Empire<br />Why did the Spanish Empire spread?<br />Spanish wanted to bring Christianity to the new world<br />Spanish remained firmly Roman Catholic<br />Wanted the silver and gold in New World<br />Economic Problems back home<br />In 1500’s, the silver mines supplemented the Spanish economy<br />The flood of gold and silver into the Spanish economy caused unprecedented inflation <br />Spain was trying to finance wars in Europe with imports<br />
  7. 7. The Spanish Empire<br />Decline of Spanish Empire for various reasons<br />The Spanish Conquistadors annihilated the Aztecs, Incas, and Mayans in New World<br />The Spanish Inquisition forced out Jews & Muslims who would not convert to Catholicism<br />Jews & Muslims took their fortunes when they left<br />Pirates raided Spanish coastlines and villages<br />Over 1 million Europeans kidnapped & sold into slavery<br />Plagues in 16th & 17th centuries killed over 1.25 million<br />War of Spanish Succession ended Spain’s vast control<br />