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Earth martin


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Earth martin

  1. 1. The Earth The Earth is the third planet from the sun and the moon is its satellite. The moon orbits the Earth. The Earth is called a celestial body because it is a planet. This means that it is a natural object in the sky. The earth orbits the Sun like all the planets. It is a rocky planet.
  2. 2. The Earth’s rotation and orbit The earth rotates on its axis and this rotation is why we have day and night.It takes twenty-four hours to rotate on its axis. The earths axis is tilted.When the earth orbits the Sun, one hemisphere receives more light and heat than the other. This causes different climates on Earth and different seasons. When it’s winter in the northern hemispere, it’s summer in the southern hemisphere and when it’s summer in the southern hemisphere, it’s winter in the northern hemisphere.
  3. 3. Our planet We use maps and globes to show the Earth
  4. 4. Maps show the Earth as flat. We can see length and height. We can fold a map and easily take it with us. Globes show the earth as a sphere. They look like the real Earth. The directions on maps and globes are N for north, S for south, E for east and W for west.
  5. 5. The Equator divides the earth into the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere
  6. 6. Lines of latitude Lines of latitude go horizontally around the Earth.
  7. 7. Lines of longitude Lines of longitude go vertically around the Earth from the north pole to the south pole.