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Philosophies of education


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Outline of the Philosophies of Education

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Philosophies of education

  1. 1. PHILOSOPHIES OF EDUCATION PHILOSOPHIES WHY TEACH? WHAT TO TEACH? HOW TO TEACH? 1. ESSENTIALISM (Whatis necessary, important/basic) generalist  To acquire basic knowledge,skillsand values.  Notto reshape the societybutto transmit the traditional moral values.  To make studentsmodel citizens  Fundamental r’s – reading,‘riting,‘rithmetic and rightconduct.  Traditional disciplines- Math, Natural Sciences, History,Foreign Language & Literature.  Mastery of the subject matter.  Drill method  Memorization  Teacheris the fountain of information. 2. PROGRESSIVISM (Learningbydoing) JohnDewey- proponent Educationislife  To developintelligent citizensof a democratic country.  To live life fully NOW not to prepare studentsfor adultlife.  BelievesthatCHANGEis the onlythingthat doesn’tchange.  Need-basedandrelevnt curriculum  Natural and social sciences.  Experiential method  Problem-solving  Scientificmethod  Fieldtrips  “hands-on- hearts-on”  puzzles 3. PERENNIALISM Generalist Educationisuniversal/ constant.  Developsstudent’s rational andmoral powers  Believesthattruthis universal andunchanging  General curriculum  Use of great books  Teacher-centered  Discipline  Socratic-dialogue 4. EXISTENTIALISM (freedom/life choices) A personisa rational animal  To helpstudents understandand appreciate themselvesas unique individualswho accept complete responsibilityfortheir thoughts,feelingsand actions.  Purpose of life  Self-esteem  Freedom/choices  Self-paced;self-directed  Values-clarification strategy
  2. 2. 5. BEHAVIORISM Specialist  To shape students behavior  Believesthatstudents are productsof environment.  To respondfavorablyto variousstimuli inthe environment  Arrange physical environmental conditions (light,temperature, arrangementof furnitures,size,quantity, etc.) 6. LINGUISTICPHILOSOPHY  To develop communicationskillsof the learner  To express himself(learner) clearly  To communicate clearly  To use language correctly  Experiential way/method 7. CONSTRUCTIVISM Maker of meaning  To developlearnerswho can construct knowledge and make meaningof them  Learnersare taughthow to learn.  Learningprocesses (searching,critiquing, evaluatinginformation, reflecting, making meaning,makinginsights and researching).  Experiencesthatallow themto hypothesize, predict,manipulate objects,pose questions, research,investigate, imagine andinvent. 8. IDEALISM Plato- Fatherof Idealism Socrates- “Knowledgeis virtue”  To developlearnerswho can reflectideas.  Spiritual,reflection,ideas  Making reflections  Introspection(self- examination) 9. REALISM  To developlearnerswho can observe throughthe use of sensestothe maximum  Science  Physical concept  Observation  Investigation 10. RECONSTRUCTIONISM  To developlearners knowledge onsociety’s/ issues  Social issues/needs alvinpunongbayan™