Astronomy ES

998 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
998
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Astronomy ES

  1. 1. ASTRONOMY “You are a child of the universe no less than the trees and the stars”
  2. 2. TELESCOPES• Powers • Magnifying • Light gathering • Resolving• Types of mounting • Altitude Azimuthal • Equatorial
  3. 3. TYPES• Refracting • Uses a lens• Reflecting • Uses a mirror
  4. 4. DISTANCES• 150 Million Kilometers = Distance of the earth from the sun 1 AU• Parsec – Parallax arc of 1 second• Light second – 300 Thousand Kilometers• Light-year – 9.5 Trillion Kilometers• Nearest star to the solar system - 4 light-years, Proxima Centauri• Andromeda - 2.3 million light-years away• no star whose parallax is 1 arc second
  5. 5. PARALLAX
  6. 6. PLANETS• Planet - originally meant "wanderer"• A planet is a celestial body that • Is in orbit around the sun • Has cleared its orbit • Is heavy enough for its self-gravity to make its shape round
  7. 7. MERCURY• Caloris Basin- biggest crater in Solar System• marked with ray craters• no atmosphere• 88 earth days = 1 Mercurial year
  8. 8. VENUS• dense atmosphere, 97% CO2• Aphrodite Terra - As big as Africa• Ishtar Terra - north pole• Maxwell Montes - biggest mountain• Sapas Mons - largest volcano• only planet going clockwise• brightest
  9. 9. MARS• Polar Caps - Water ice present• Iron-rich soil• Valles Maroneris - huge canyon• Olympus Mons - largest volcano in the solar system• Utopis Basin• Hellas Basin - largest basin in mars• Argyre basin• Moons • Phobos (bigger) • Deimos
  10. 10. JUPITER• Great red spot-hurricane • The size of 3 earths • Has been there for 400 yrs.• zones (light stripes) and belts (dark stripes)• 3 sections of rings• Moons (63 moons) • Europa (mostly ice), • Callisto (bombarded by asteroids), • Io (most volcanically active body in SS) • Ganyemede (largest)
  11. 11. SATURN• 7 sections of rings• windiest planet• Moons (52)- • Janus and Epimetheus • Mimas • Enceladus (ice volcanoes) • Dione • Tethys • Titan
  12. 12. URANUS• Poles receive more energy from sun than the equator because the south pole is pointed almost directly at sun• 11 known rings• Moons (27) • Miranda (smallest) • Ariel • Umbriel • Oberon • Titania• William Herschel (discoverer) wanted to name it Georgian Sidus
  13. 13. NEPTUNE• Great DARK spot-hole • dissapeared in 1994• Rings - dust-sized grains• Moons (13) • Nereid (captured asteriod) • Triton
  14. 14. DWARF PLANETIs a celestial body in direct orbit of the Sun that is massive enough that its shape iscontrolled by gravitational rather than mechanical forces (and thus an ellipsoid inshape), but has not cleared its neighboring region of other objects.
  15. 15. ASTEROIDS• 6282 Edwelda• 12088 Maclintal• 12522 Rara• 13241 Biyo• 4866 Badillo• 6636 Kintanar• Miguel Arnold Reyes *Pending asteroid

×