TEMA 2B GRAMMAR NOUNS

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TEMA 2B GRAMMAR NOUNS

  1. 1. Page 110Realidades 1 Nouns
  2. 2. NOUNS Nouns refer to people, animals, places, and things.
  3. 3. NOUNS In Spanish, nouns have gender. They are either masculine or feminine.
  4. 4. Masculine / Feminine Most nouns that end in -o are masculine.
  5. 5. Masculine / Feminine Most nouns that end in -a are feminine.
  6. 6. Masculine / Feminine For example: el libro la calculadora An exception: el día
  7. 7. Other Spanish Nouns Other Spanish nouns end in -e or a consonant.
  8. 8. Other Spanish Nouns For example: el cine el marcador la clase la televisión
  9. 9. Other Spanish Nouns Some can be both masculine and feminine: el/la estudiante
  10. 10. Making Nouns Plural To make nouns plural you usually add -s to words ending in a vowel and -es to words ending in a consonant. silla sillas teclado teclados cartel carteles
  11. 11. Making Nouns Plural Singular nouns that end in z change the z to c in the plural. El lápiz los lápices
  12. 12. Definite Articles El , La , Los and Las are called definite articles. In English they mean “the”
  13. 13. Definite Articles We use El and Los with masculine nouns and La and Las with feminine nouns.
  14. 14. Indefinite Articles Un, Una, Unos, and Unas are indefinite articles.
  15. 15. Indefinite Articles Un and Una mean “a or an” in English.
  16. 16. Indefinite Articles Unos and Unas mean “some” in English.
  17. 17. Indefinite Articles Un and Unos are masculine and Una and Unas are feminine.
  18. 18. It’s a good idea tolearn a noun with itsdefinite article, el orla, because that willusually tell you thegender.

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