Adjectives<br />Chapter 5<br />
What are adjectives?<br />In English, adjectives are used to describe.<br />goofy<br />green<br />eager<br />happy<br />fu...
Latin Adjectives<br />In Latin, adjectives have all three genders.<br />Right now we are only learning two of them:<br />m...
The stem of and Adjective<br />In order to find the stem of an adjective, take the feminine ending off the feminine form i...
Agreement<br />Adjectives agree in GNC!<br />Adjectives must agree with the nouns they modify in:<br />Gender (masculine, ...
IMPORTANT!!!<br />Adjectives must agree with nouns they modify in gender, number, and case.<br />They do NOT have to be in...
Feminine Adjectives<br />Feminineadjectives use First Declension endings.<br />
Masculine Adjectives<br />Masculine adjectives use Second Declension endings.<br />
Examples<br />Puellamlaetam<br />“Puellam” is feminine, singular, accusative, so “laetam” must also be feminine, singular,...
Chapter 5 Adjectives
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Chapter 5 Adjectives

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Chapter 5 Adjectives

  1. 1. Adjectives<br />Chapter 5<br />
  2. 2. What are adjectives?<br />In English, adjectives are used to describe.<br />goofy<br />green<br />eager<br />happy<br />funny<br />cute<br />
  3. 3. Latin Adjectives<br />In Latin, adjectives have all three genders.<br />Right now we are only learning two of them:<br />masculinefeminine<br />laetuslaeta<br />
  4. 4. The stem of and Adjective<br />In order to find the stem of an adjective, take the feminine ending off the feminine form in the dictionary entry.<br />laetus, laeta The stem is laet .<br />Add the first and second declension endings to the stem.<br />
  5. 5. Agreement<br />Adjectives agree in GNC!<br />Adjectives must agree with the nouns they modify in:<br />Gender (masculine, feminine)<br />Number (singular, plural)<br />Case (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative)<br />
  6. 6. IMPORTANT!!!<br />Adjectives must agree with nouns they modify in gender, number, and case.<br />They do NOT have to be in the same declension. <br />This means that the endings don’t always match for the noun and adjectives.<br />
  7. 7. Feminine Adjectives<br />Feminineadjectives use First Declension endings.<br />
  8. 8. Masculine Adjectives<br />Masculine adjectives use Second Declension endings.<br />
  9. 9. Examples<br />Puellamlaetam<br />“Puellam” is feminine, singular, accusative, so “laetam” must also be feminine, singular, accusative.<br />Puerlaetus<br />Puer is masculine, singular, nominative, so “laetus” must agree. *Notice that they do not have to LOOK alike in order to agree.<br />

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