Subject Pronouns


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Subject Pronouns

  1. 1. Los Pronombres pronouns
  2. 2. Subject Pronouns <ul><li>In this presentation we’re going to look at the form and use of subject pronouns in Spanish. </li></ul>Do you remember subject pronouns??
  3. 3. Lets Get Started! <ul><li>Compare these two sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Jorge es mexicano. </li></ul><ul><li>Él es mexicano. </li></ul><ul><li>In the first sentence, we name the person who is Mexican. </li></ul><ul><li>In the second sentence, we replace the person’s name with the word ‘él’. </li></ul>
  4. 4. And your point is…?! <ul><li>A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun: e.g. Jorge = é l. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of pronouns in English are : We, You, He, She, It, I & They. </li></ul><ul><li>These particular examples are all subject pronouns or pronouns used only when replacing subjects of verbs. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Here are your subject pronouns in Spanish!!
  6. 6. Subject Pronouns (Singular) <ul><li>Yo </li></ul><ul><li>Tú </li></ul><ul><li>Usted (Ud.) </li></ul><ul><li>Él </li></ul><ul><li>Ella </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>You (informal) </li></ul><ul><li>You (formal) </li></ul><ul><li>He </li></ul><ul><li>She </li></ul>
  7. 7. Subject Pronouns (Plural) <ul><li>Nosotros </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotras </li></ul><ul><li>Ustedes (Uds.) </li></ul><ul><li>Ellos </li></ul><ul><li>Ellas </li></ul><ul><li>We (males) </li></ul><ul><li>We (females) </li></ul><ul><li>You All ( informal & formal ) </li></ul><ul><li>They (males) </li></ul><ul><li>They (females) </li></ul>
  8. 8. You Who ? <ul><li>Tú, usted, and ustedes </li></ul><ul><li>all mean “you.” </li></ul><ul><li>Use tú with family, friends, people your age or younger, and anyone you call by his or her first name. </li></ul>
  9. 9. You Who ? <ul><li>Use usted with adults you address with a title, such as señor, señora, profesor , etc. Usted is a more formal address and is usually written as Ud. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In most countries, use ustedes when speaking to two or more people, regardless of age or formality. Ustedes is usually written as Uds. </li></ul>Hey, you!
  11. 11. <ul><li>Not really, here’s a summary! </li></ul><ul><li>Singular </li></ul><ul><li>informal -> tú </li></ul><ul><li>formal-> Usted (Ud.) </li></ul><ul><li>Plural </li></ul><ul><li>formal & informal-> Ustedes </li></ul><ul><li>(Uds.) </li></ul>That’s confusing!
  12. 12. Subject Pronouns <ul><li>For the purposes of instructions, I will use the following abbreviations all year long to distinguish the different forms of ‘You’. </li></ul><ul><li>Be Prepared to Memorize!!! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Abbreviations <ul><li>You = T ú </li></ul><ul><li>You (F) = Usted/(Ud.) </li></ul><ul><li>You (P) = Ustedes/ (Uds) </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>If a group is made up of males only or of both males and females together, use the masculine forms: nosotr os or ell os . </li></ul>Masculine or Feminine?
  15. 15. <ul><li>Only when a group is made up of ALL females do you use the feminine forms: nosotr as or ell as . </li></ul>Masculine or Feminine?
  16. 16. <ul><li>You can combine a subject pronoun and a name to form a subject. </li></ul>Subject Pronouns
  17. 17. Subject Pronouns <ul><li>Alejandro y yo = nosotros </li></ul><ul><li>Carlos y ella = ellos </li></ul><ul><li>Pepe y tú = ustedes </li></ul><ul><li>Lola y ella = ellas </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Don’t forget the accent marks!! </li></ul><ul><li>Él ( w/ accent ) means ‘He’ . </li></ul><ul><li>El ( w/o accent ) means </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The’ . </li></ul>Other Helpful Tips
  19. 19. <ul><li>Unlike ‘I’ in English, ‘yo’ is only capitalized when it begins a sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>Mi amigo y yo jugamos. </li></ul>More Helpful Tips
  20. 20. <ul><li>In English we always have to use a subject pronoun. Look at these sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>Went to the store. </li></ul><ul><li>Speaks German. </li></ul><ul><li>Without the pronouns these sentences make no sense! </li></ul>One More Point!
  21. 21. <ul><li>Spanish sentences frequently drop the subject pronoun when they are NOT needed to clarify who we are talking about: </li></ul><ul><li>Bailas muy bien. </li></ul><ul><li>Estudio con ellos. </li></ul>Spanish is Different!
  22. 22. <ul><li>Did you notice ‘it’ is a subject pronoun in English? </li></ul><ul><li>In Spanish, there is NO word for ‘it’ as a subject. You simply conjugate the verb in the él/ella/Ud. form!!! </li></ul>And finally…