Page 110 Realidades 1 Nouns
NOUNS <ul><li>Nouns refer to people, animals, places, and things. </li></ul>
NOUNS <ul><li>In Spanish, nouns have gender.  They are either  masculine  or  feminine. </li></ul>
Masculine / Feminine <ul><li>Most nouns that end in  -o are masculine. </li></ul>
Masculine / Feminine <ul><li>Most nouns that end in -a are feminine. </li></ul>
Masculine / Feminine <ul><li>For example:  </li></ul><ul><li>el libr o   </li></ul><ul><li>la calculador a  </li></ul><ul>...
Other Spanish Nouns <ul><li>Other Spanish nouns end in  -e  or a  consonant . </li></ul>
Other Spanish Nouns <ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>el cin e   el marcado r </li></ul><ul><li>la clas e   la televi...
Other Spanish Nouns <ul><li>Some can be both masculine and feminine:  el/la estudiante </li></ul>
Making Nouns Plural <ul><li>To make nouns plural you usually add  - s  to words ending in a vowel and - es  to words endin...
Making Nouns Plural <ul><li>Singular nouns that end in  z  change the  z  to  c  in the plural. </li></ul><ul><li>El lápiz...
Definite Articles <ul><li>El  ,  La  ,  Los  and  Las  are called definite articles.  </li></ul><ul><li>In English they me...
Definite Articles <ul><li>We use  El  and  Los  with masculine nouns and  La  and  Las  with feminine nouns. </li></ul>
Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Un ,  Una ,  Unos , and  Unas  are indefinite articles. </li></ul>
Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Un  and  Una  mean  </li></ul><ul><li>“ a or an” in English. </li></ul>
Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Unos  and  Unas  mean “some” in English. </li></ul>
Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Un  and  Unos  are masculine and  Una  and  Unas  are feminine. </li></ul>
It’s a good idea to  learn a noun with its definite article,  el  or  la , because that will  usually tell you the  gender.
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Chapter 2B- Plural of nouns and articles

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Chapter 2B- Plural of nouns and articles

  1. 1. Page 110 Realidades 1 Nouns
  2. 2. NOUNS <ul><li>Nouns refer to people, animals, places, and things. </li></ul>
  3. 3. NOUNS <ul><li>In Spanish, nouns have gender. They are either masculine or feminine. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Masculine / Feminine <ul><li>Most nouns that end in -o are masculine. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Masculine / Feminine <ul><li>Most nouns that end in -a are feminine. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Masculine / Feminine <ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>el libr o </li></ul><ul><li>la calculador a </li></ul><ul><li>An exception: el dí a </li></ul>
  7. 7. Other Spanish Nouns <ul><li>Other Spanish nouns end in -e or a consonant . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other Spanish Nouns <ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>el cin e el marcado r </li></ul><ul><li>la clas e la televisió n </li></ul>
  9. 9. Other Spanish Nouns <ul><li>Some can be both masculine and feminine: el/la estudiante </li></ul>
  10. 10. Making Nouns Plural <ul><li>To make nouns plural you usually add - s to words ending in a vowel and - es to words ending in a consonant. </li></ul><ul><li>silla silla s </li></ul><ul><li>teclado teclado s </li></ul><ul><li>cartel cartel es </li></ul>
  11. 11. Making Nouns Plural <ul><li>Singular nouns that end in z change the z to c in the plural. </li></ul><ul><li>El lápiz los lápices </li></ul>
  12. 12. Definite Articles <ul><li>El , La , Los and Las are called definite articles. </li></ul><ul><li>In English they mean “the” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Definite Articles <ul><li>We use El and Los with masculine nouns and La and Las with feminine nouns. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Un , Una , Unos , and Unas are indefinite articles. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Un and Una mean </li></ul><ul><li>“ a or an” in English. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Unos and Unas mean “some” in English. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Indefinite Articles <ul><li>Un and Unos are masculine and Una and Unas are feminine. </li></ul>
  18. 18. It’s a good idea to learn a noun with its definite article, el or la , because that will usually tell you the gender.

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