Present Tense Regular Verbs

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Present Tense Regular Verbs

  1. 1. Grammar Review
  2. 2. Spanish Subjects <ul><li>Yo- I </li></ul><ul><li>Tú- Familiar You </li></ul><ul><li>Él - He </li></ul><ul><li>Ella- She </li></ul><ul><li>Usted- Formal You </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros- We (male or mixed group) </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotras- We (female) </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotros- You all familiar (male or mixed group) Spain only! </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotras- You all familiar (female) Spain only! </li></ul><ul><li>Ellos- They (male or mixed group) </li></ul><ul><li>Ellas- They (female) </li></ul><ul><li>Ustedes- You all formal </li></ul>
  3. 3. AR Verb Endings <ul><li>Yo- o </li></ul><ul><li>Tú- as </li></ul><ul><li>Él - a </li></ul><ul><li>Ella - a </li></ul><ul><li>Usted - a </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros,as- amos </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotros,as- áis </li></ul><ul><li>Ellos- an </li></ul><ul><li>Ellas- an </li></ul><ul><li>Ustedes- an </li></ul>
  4. 4. ER Verb Endings Yo- o Tú- es Él - e Ella - e Usted - e Nosotros,as- emos Vosotros,as- éis Ellos- en Ellas- en Ustedes- en
  5. 5. IR Verb Endings Yo- o Tú- es Él - e Ella - e Usted - e Nosotros,as- imos Vosotros,as- ís Ellos- en Ellas- en Ustedes- en
  6. 6. Reminder <ul><li>In order to conjugate a verb you must </li></ul><ul><li>first--- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find the stem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove the ending. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace with appropriate ending that matches the subject of the sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example. Yo- hablar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habl ar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hablo </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Let’s Practice! <ul><li>Yo- beber Nosotros- bailar </li></ul><ul><li>Tú- caminar Nosotras- comer </li></ul><ul><li>Él - hablar Ellos- vivir </li></ul><ul><li>Ella- escribir Ellas- tomar </li></ul><ul><li>Usted- pagar Ustedes-mirar </li></ul>
  8. 8. Answers… Check your work! Yo- bebo Nosotros- bailamos Tú- caminas Nosotras- comemos Él - habla Ellos- viven Ella- escribe Ellas- toman Usted- paga Ustedes-miran
  9. 9. Nouns, Articles, Adjectives <ul><li>Remember that in Spanish a sentence must agree in gender and number. </li></ul><ul><li>That is why it is important to remember how to use nouns, articles, and adjectives in the singular and the plural. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nouns <ul><li>Nouns are people, places, or things. </li></ul><ul><li>A noun that ends in a vowel can be made plural by adding –s . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: blusa – blusas </li></ul><ul><li>A noun that ends in a consonant such as -n or -l is made plural by adding –es . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: mantel - manteles </li></ul>
  11. 11. Articles <ul><li>Definite Articles- signify the. </li></ul><ul><li>El- masc. sing. </li></ul><ul><li>La- fem. sing. </li></ul><ul><li>Los- masc. plur. </li></ul><ul><li>Las- fem. plur. </li></ul><ul><li>El libro- the book </li></ul><ul><li>Los libros- the books </li></ul><ul><li>Indefinite Articles- signify a or an in the singular and some in the plural. </li></ul><ul><li>Un- masc. sing. </li></ul><ul><li>Una- fem. sing. </li></ul><ul><li>Unos- masc. plur. </li></ul><ul><li>Unas- fem. plur. </li></ul><ul><li>Una blusa- a blouse </li></ul><ul><li>Unas blusas- some blouses </li></ul>
  12. 12. Adjectives- Agreeing in Number <ul><li>An adjective is a word that describes a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>An adjective that ends in a vowel can be made plural by adding –s . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: rojo – rojos </li></ul><ul><li>An adjective that ends in a consonant such as -n or -l is made plural by adding –es . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: azul - azules </li></ul>
  13. 13. Adjectives- Agreeing in Gender <ul><li>An adjective that ends in an –o is masculine and modifies masculine nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: carro rojo </li></ul><ul><li>If you want that adjective to modify a feminine noun, you must change the –o to –a. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: blusa roja </li></ul><ul><li>If an adjective ends in another letter such as -e or -l, it is neutral and has no gender. It can modify a masculine or feminine word. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: alumno inteligente </li></ul><ul><li> casa azul </li></ul>
  14. 14. Adjectives- Agreeing in Gender (cont.) <ul><li>Once you have changed the adjective to match the noun for gender, you add an –s or –es if the noun it modifies is plural. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: blusas rojas </li></ul><ul><li> carros azules </li></ul>
  15. 15. Irregular Verbs <ul><li>Ir- </li></ul><ul><li>Dar- </li></ul><ul><li>Estar- </li></ul><ul><li>Tener- </li></ul>

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